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In the name of Allah

Such Hadith is not narrated in major Shia sources.
However, there is a similar Hadith in the more recent Shia books (like Bihar al-Anwar), narrated (without a chain) from the Prophet -peace be upon him and his Ahlul Bayt- that conveys a different meaning:

عُلَمَاءُ أُمَّتِي كَأَنْبِيَاءِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ
The Scholars of My Ummah are like the prophets of Bani-Israel.

This hadith does not state superiority, but similarity. There are different interpretations as to the meaning of this analogy and to whom the prophet is referring when he says "Scholars". 

Some experts believe that "scholars" is only referring to the Infallible Imams, and the hadith means that the Imams are Hujjah (Proofs of Allah) to the people, just as those prophets were Hujjah to the people of their time.
Other experts expand the meaning to non-infallible scholars and belive the hadith is stating that just as those prophets were guardians of their people's faith and beliefs, Islamic scholars will guard and preserve the religiosity and beliefs of the Muslim community.

The abovementioned Hadith is narrated in:
Bihar al-Anwar - v2, p22
Mustadrak ul-Wasail - v17, p320

WasSalaam.

There is contradiction at all. Allah (SWT) grants everlasting life to the martyrs (2:154) and (3:169). The Prophets and Infallible Imams are much higher in degree from the martyrs, so, their continuous life is very obvious. Every Muslim salutes in his Salah, the Prophet السلام عليك أيها النبي ورحمة الله وبركاتهand all Pious servants of Allah السلام علينا وعلى عباد الله الصالحين

This means that they are alive to receive and respond to our salutations.

Allah (SWT) Has created the rules of this universe, but, His will is above all te rules. He made the fire cool and peace on Ibrahim, and He made Easa able to revive dead to alive. He ordered continuous life for His most humble servants.

Wassalam.

Yes, every prophet had a successor who leads his Ummah after the Prophet and all of them are infallible. The Hadeeth لكل  نبي وصي is narrated in Shia and Sunni books. Among Sunni scholars  who narrated this Hadeeth are Ibn Hanbal in Fadha'l al-Sahabah, Sibt Ibn al-Jawzi in Tathkirat al-Khawaass, Ibn al-Maghaazili in al-Manaaqib, al-Tabaraani in al-Mo'jam al-Kabeer and Ibn Asaakir in Tareekh Dimishq and many others. 

Wassalam.

Prophethood is a post of huge responsibility and a very big burden.
The prophets are required to face the objection of the tyrants and all
their followers and the prophets need to argue and strive and can be
tortured and even many prophets were been killed. The prophets need to
fight against the enemies of Allah SWT and lead wars to defend the
faith and that it is not practical to send a female as a prophet
because it won’t be appropriate for a female to do such harsh,
difficult and hard responsibility.

It must be also mentioned that the prophet cannot be a female because
the female is usually under the control of her husband or father or
the men of her family while the prophet should be in control of all
the society and not under control of anyone.

Also the female cannot be prophet because most of the females have
natural menstrual cycle during which they suffer from some symptoms
and also females usually have pregnancy and childbirth and have to
look after the infants and that all will have effect on her health and
mentality and this will not be appropriate with the responsibilities
of leading the whole community and the prophethood.

The prophet is supposed to be the teacher of all people and it is not
appropriate for a female to be a teacher of all because usually many
of the scholars from the men will not accept to be students of a
female.

In the Holy Qur’an in Surah al-Anmbiyah verse number 7, Allah SWT said
: “We did not send before you but men to whom we have revealed”
(ARABIC TEXT). Which is very clear that all those who were sent by
Allah to be the messengers and prophets are men.

We in Islam believe in the great pious ladies like the status of Lady
Maryam and the status of mother of Prophet Musa and the status of
mother Prophet Ishaaq as we read in the Holy Qur’an that Allah SWT has
sent the angels to speak to them but angels speaking to a servant of
Allah SWT does not mean that this servant becomes a prophet.

Some Sunni Ulama Abul Hassan al-Ashari and like Ibn Hazm and like
al-Qurtubi claimed that Lady Maryam and other ladies were prophets and
their claim was because of angels talking to some pious ladies. This
claim has been refuted by almost the vast majority of Sunni Ulama and
all the Shia Ulama as well.

The well known Sunni scholar al-Nawawi mentioned in his book al-Azkaar
from Imam al-Harmain that there is Ijmaa among the Ulama that Maryam
was not a prophet.

The greatness of Fatemah (AS) in fact is more than the status of all
the prophets except her father which means that Islam has given the
highest status to Fatemah (AS) because she was entitled to that status
and because she is part of her father Muhammad (SAWA) who is the best
of all the human kind.

Those who claim that Islam does not give enough respect to the women
because in Islam there are no female prophets, you ask them do they
have in Torah or Bible any evidence that and female prophet was sent
by Allah to guide people?

Islam is the most practical and most realistic religion and that is
why it gives every responsibility to the appropriate person who can
handle it.

Wassalam.