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In addition to the answer previously given, another thing to consider is that although the Qur'an references certain events in the Prophet's time, it speaks in a universal manner that is accessible to any reader, regardless of their society or era. It is very difficult for a human author, especially one who is not from an area with diversity and a high level of education available, to do this.

Also, when you consider the way that the Qur'anic texts unfolds, the style of speech is not the same that a human would use when organising a book; for instance, the conception of time is more overarching, as it would be from the divine perspective. 

Some people also consider the presence of scientific or numerical miracles to be convincing evidence. 

Ultimately this is something one can also look at the text and get a sense of!

The Qur'an mentions "the heights" (a'raf) in the world of the hereafter:

"And between the two there shall be a veil, and on the heights there shall be men who know all by their marks, and they shall call out to the dwellers of the garden: Peace be on you; they shall not have yet entered it, though they hope. [...] And the dwellers of the heights shall call out to men whom they will recognize by their marks, saying: Of no avail were to you your amassing and your behaving haughtily: Are these they about whom you swore that Allah will not bestow mercy on them? Enter the garden; you shall have no fear, nor shall you grieve." (7:46, 48-49)

However, the Qur'an does not specify what "the heights" are or which men are on it. Therefore, scholars and commentators have advanced a number of viewpoints. Narrations also vary somewhat. 

In the Twelver Shi'i tradition, one of the most common views is that the men on the heights are the Prophet (S) and the Imams (A). Those who are in harmony with them many enter Paradise, but no one can enter Paradise if they are hostile to or rejected by them. 

Some commentators (Sunni and Shi'i) have also put forward the view that it is a  holding place for people who deserve neither paradise nor hell (for instance, they have equal good and bad deeds; they did not have religious responsibility due to dying young, mental illness, or never hearing the call to God), and whose judgment is delayed, so they await their final judgment there. This also appears in narrations. Some have also suggested they await the intercession of the Prophet and Imams there. 

Other views have also been advanced.

That said, the word a'raf carries the connotation of "knowing" (such as in the word 'arif used for a mystic), and it does lend the sense that the people on the a'raf might also be imbued with special knowledge and insight. The ayat also suggest they have a special form of knowledge, since they recognize people by their marks, even though many things will be made clear to all people in the hereafter. This supports the idea that the men on their heights are the Prophet and Imams; or, at least, people with a sharp spiritual knowledge.

Perhaps several of these views are correct. God knows best.

 

Yes, it is allowed and rewarding to read the meanings of the Quranic verses in any language which you understand.

Wassalam.

No. No one can change Quranic text at all. Usman took the same Quran which was compiled by Ameerul Mo'mineen Ali (AS) with the meanings of verses, and removed the meanings and write the text only with out any meaning.

Wassalam.