This glossary has been complied to assist readers not familiar with Islamic terminology in understanding the above recollections.
Short for ‘peace be upon him.’
Call to prayers
10th of Muharram in the Islamic calendar. This is the day the 3rd Imam of the Shias, Imam Hussein (a.s.) was martyred in the Islamic year 63 A.H.
Verses 255-257 of the second chapter of the Holy Quran.
Age at which certain actions and duties become compulsory for Muslims. Typically this is approximately 9 years for girls and 15 years for boys.
Any sacred religious place particularly used for Shrines of a religious personalities.
Imam Hussein (a.s)
3rd successor of the Holy Prophet for Shia Muslims.
Compulsory tax to be paid by Muslims representing one-fifth of savings.
City in North-Eastern Iran where the 8th successor of the Holy Prophet for Shias (Imam Raza (a.s.)) is buried.
Prayer tablets upon which mainly Shia Muslims prostrate whilst praying.
Also known as Salaatul-Layl. Recommended prayers of 11 units to be recited before the dawn prayers.
Prayers (Fajr, Zohr, Ast, Magrib, Isha)
Names of the 5 compulsory daily prayers for Muslims consisting of 2, 4, 4, 3, and 4 rakaats respectively.
Direction towards Mecca which Muslims face to pray.
City in Northern Iran. Centre for religious learning.
Muslim Holy Book revealed by God to Prophet Muhammad
Unit of prayer
Ninth month of the Islamic calendar in which fasting has been prescribed for Muslims.
Salaam and Ziyaraats
Prescribed greetings and prayers salutations usually recited when visiting the shrines of the Prophet and Imams.
Third chapter of the Holy Quran
First chapter of the Holy Quran
Glorification of God
Actions to be performed when no water is available for the performance of wudhoo.
Ablutions performed before reciting prayers.