The Battle of Karbala

Qurra reported (later):

I thought that he (al-Hurr) was going to leave the battle, and did not want to be present at it but was unwilling to be seen when he (left).

So I said, “I have not watered it and I was going to water it.” Then I left him where he was. By God, if he had told me what he was intending to do, I would have gone with him to al Husayn, peace be on him.

He (al-Hurr) began gradually to draw closer to al Husayn.

“What do you want, Ibn Yazid?'' asked Muhajir Ibn Aws, but he did not answer. (Instead) a great shudder came over him.

“Your behaviour is suspicious,” said Muhajir. “By God, I have never seen you act like this before. If I was asked who was the bravest of the Kufans, I would not (normally) neglect (to mention) you. What is this I see in you, (today)?” “By God, I am giving my soul the choice between Heaven and the fire (of Hell),” answered al-Hurr. “By God, I will not choose anything before Heaven, even though I am cut to pieces and burnt.”

(With that) he whipped his horse and (galloped over) and joined al- Husayn, peace be on him.

May I be your ransom, son of the Apostle of God?” he said. “I was your companion who stopped you from returning. I accompanied you along the road and made you stop in this place. But I did not think that the people would refuse to respond to what you have offered them and that they would ever come to this position I (which they have now come to) with regard to you. By God, if I had I known that they would finish up (by doing) what I am seeing (them do) to you, I would not have committed what I have committed against you. I repent to God for what I have done. Will you accept my repentance?”

“Yes,” replied al Husayn, peace be on him, “God will forgive you. So get down.”

“You will have (no) horseman better than me, (nor), while I am on foot, any foot-soldier,” he said. “I will continue fighting on foot to the (bitter) end.”

“Do so,” replied al Husayn, peace be on him. “May God grant you mercy (though) what He has revealed to you.”

He advanced, in front of al Husayn, peace be on him, and called out, “People of Kufa, your mother(s) will be deprived of their sons and tears will come to their eyes. Have you summoned this righteous man (to come to you), then, when he has come to you, have you handed him over (to his enemies)?

Did you claim that you would fight with your own lives for him, and then have you begun to attack him in order to kill him? You have laid hold of his life; you have seized his throat; you have encircled him on every side in order to prevent him returning to God's broad land (i.e. the Hijaz). He has come into your hands like a prisoner who no longer has the power to use his own life and cannot defend it against harm.

You have prevented him, his womenfolk, his children and his people from (getting) the water of the Euphrates which Jews, Christians and Majians may drink, and which the pigs and dogs of Sawad drink. They (al Husayn's family) are likely to die of thirst. How wickedly you have treated the offspring left by Muhammad. May God not give you water to drink on the Day of Thirst.”

Some of the foot-soldiers attacked him by shooting arrows at him.

He went and stood in front of al Husayn, peace be on him.

“Durayd,” 'Umar Ibn Sad called out, “bring forward your standard (for us).”

He brought it forward. ('Umar) put an arrow in his bow and let it fly. He said, “(All of you) be witnesses of who was the first to shoot.”

The people began to shoot at each other and to come forward (for single combat). Yasar, retainer (mawla) of Ziyad Ibn Abi Sufyan, came forward (from Umar's army). 'Abd Allah Ibn Umayr (al-Kalbi) came forward (from al Husayn's ranks) to meet him.

“Who are you?” Yasar asked him, and (Ibn al-Kalbi) gave him his lineage.

“I do not know you,” (Yasar) answered. “Let Zuhayr Ibn al-Qayn or Habib Ibn Muzahir come out against me.”

“Son of a prostitute, you wanted to do single combat with one of the people,” retorted Abd Allah Ibn Umayr (al-Kalbi).

With that (Ibn al-Kalbi) struck him with his sword until he had quietened him. While he was occupied with striking against him, Salim, retainer (mawla) of 'Ubayd Allah Ibn Ziyad, attacked him (Ibn al-Kalbi).

Al Husayn's followers cried out (in warning), “The (other) servant is closing in on you!” (Ibn al-Kalbi) did not notice (Salim) until the latter was upon him. With his left arm he warded off Salim's blow but the fingers of his hand were cut off. Then he turned on (Salim) and struck him and killed him. After (thus) killing them both, (Ibn al-Kalbl) came forward and recited, “If you do not know me, I am Ibn al-Kalbi: I am a man of bitterness and anger, I am not a weakling in the face of disaster.”

Amr Ibn al-Hajjaj, with the Kufans under his command, launched an attack on the right wing of the supporters of al Husayn, peace be on him. When they drew near, the followers of al Husayn, peace be on him, knelt down and pointed their spears at them. The (attackers) horses would not come forward against the spears and they swung round to retreat. The followers of al Husayn, peace be on him, began to shoot arrows at (the enemy), killing some of them and wounding others.

Abd Allah Ibn Hawza, one of the Banu Tamim, approached al Husayn's camp and the people called out to him, “Where are you going, may your mother be deprived of you?” “I am (in the right) advancing to a merciful Lord and an intercessor who is listened to (i.e. the Prophet),” he answered.

“Who is that?” al Husayn, peace be on him, asked his followers.

“Ibn Hawza al-Tamimi,” he was told.

“O God, drive him into the fire!” (al Husayn) exclaimed. With that his horse upset him in its stride and fell. His left leg was stuck in the stirrups and his right leg was free. Muslim Ibn Awsaja attacked him and struck his right leg and cut it off. The horse galloped off (dragging) him (along) and his head struck every stone and clod of earth until he died. God hurried his soul to (Hell) fire. (More) fighting then broke out and more men were killed.

Al-Hurr Ibn Yazid attacked the followers of 'Umar Ibn Sa'd and (as he did so), he recited the words of 'Antara, “With my charger's neck and breast thrust forward I will launch myself at them again and again until (the beast) is clothed in blood.”

Yazid Ibn Sufyan, from Banu al-Harith (of Tamim), came forward to meet him. Soon al-Hurr killed him.

(In the meantime) Nafi' Ibn Hilal came forward, declaring, “I am the son of Hilal. I believe in the religion of ‘Ali.”

Muzahim Ibn Hurayth came against him, crying, “I follow the religion of Uthman.”

“Rather you follow the religion of Satan,” Nafi replied and attacked and killed him.

“You stupid fellows,” Amr Ibn al-Hajjaj cried out to (his) men, “don't you realise whom you are fighting? (These) knights of the town are people who are seeking death. Don't let any of you go forward to fight them in single combat. They are only few and their time is running out. If you only threw stones at them, you would kill them (eventually).”

“True, you've come to the right conclusion,” 'Umar Ibn Sad said to him. Then he sent (the message) to the commanders that none of their men should fight in single combat.

Amr Ibn al-Hajaj and his men launched an attack against al- Husayn, peace be on him, from the direction of the Euphrates. They fought together fiercely for a time. Muslim Ibn Awsaja was struck down, may God have mercy on him, (but) Amr and his men withdrew. When the dust settled, (al Husayn's followers) found Muslim stretched out dying. Al Husayn, peace be on him, walked towards him and he was on the point of death.

Muslim, may God have mercy on you,” said (al Husayn).

of them (the believers) is he who has accomplished his vow, and of them is he who waits; they have not changed at all.” (33:23)

Habib Ibn Muzahir approached and said, “Muslim, your death is hard for me to bear but I bring you good news of Heaven (where you are going).”

“May God bring you good news too,” replied Muslim in a weak voice. “Even if I knew that I would follow you at this very moment, I would still like you to appoint me to carry out everything which concerns you.”

Then the people came again against al Husayn, peace be on him.

Shamir Ibn Dhi al-Jawshan attacked with his left wing (and thrust at) (al Husayn's) left wing, but they stood firm against him and forced him away (with their spears). Al Husayn, peace be on him, and his followers were attacked on every side but the followers of al Husayn fought fiercely. Then their cavalry began to attack and even though they were only thirty-two horsemen, they did not attack any side of the Kufan cavalry without putting it to flight.

When Urwa Ibn Qays saw that - he was in command of the Kufan cavalry - he sent word to 'Umar Ibn Sad, “Don't you see what my calvary is receiving today from this small number (of men)? Send the foot-soldiers and archers against them.”

He sent the archers against them. Al-Hurr Ibn Yazid's horse was lamed. He dismounted and began to shout, “You have lamed my (horse) but I am the son of freedom and braver than a maned lion.”

He struck out against them with his sword but a great number came against him. Ayyub Ibn Musarrih and another of the Kufan horsemen shared in killing him.

The followers of al Husayn, peace be on him, continued to fight fiercely against the enemy until it was midday. When al Husayn Ibn Numayr - he was in command of the archers - perceived the steadfastness of the followers of al Husayn, peace be on him, he advanced against his supporters with five hundred archers so that they showered the followers of al Husayn, peace be on him, with arrows.

They continued shooting at them until they had lamed (most of) their horses and wounded some of their men. Then they moved against them and a fierce battle was fought between them for some time. Shamir Ibn Dhi al-Jawshan (also) attacked them with his followers but Zuhayr Ibn al-Qayn with ten of the followers of al- Husayn (counter) attacked and drove them away from the tents.

- The History of al Tabari
Volume XIX The Caliphate of Yazid Ibn Muawiyah
Pages 65 - 179 (Selected)
Translated by I.K.A Howard
Paper back - ISBN 0-7914-0041-7

- Kitab al Irshad
Shaykh al Mufid
Pages 328 - 372
Translated by I.K.A Howard

- Tahrike Tarsile Quran
Paper back - ISBN 0-940368-11-0

Martyrdom of Companions and Banu Hashim

Shamir Ibn Dhi al-Jawshan turned back against them but (some) of his men were killed and the rest retreated to their positions. (The number) of killed was apparent among the followers of al Husayn, peace be on him, because of the fewness of their number while it was not so apparent among the followers of 'Umar Ibn Sa'd because of their great number.

The battle (continued to be) fought fiercely and desperately. The number killed and wounded among the followers of Abu 'Abd Allah al Husayn, peace be on him, continued to grow until the sun began to decline. Al Husayn and his companions prayed the prayer according to the rite of the prayer of fear.

Hanzala Ibn Sa'd al-Shibami advanced in front of al Husayn, peace be on him, and called out, “People of Kufa,

O people I fear for you the same (that happened) on the Day of Parties. I fear for you on the Day of Summoning” (40:30,32)

O people, do not kill al Husayn,

for God will destroy you with punishment. He who forges a lie will be disappointed. (20:61)

He advanced and fought until he was killed, may God have mercy on him. After that, Shawdhab, retainer (mawla) of Shakir, went forward, (after saying), “Greetings, Abu 'Abd Allah and may God store his mercy and blessings for you.”

He fought until he was killed, may God have mercy on him. Then came Abis Ibn Shabib al-Shakiri. He greated al Husayn, peace be on him, and fought until he was killed. Each man of (al Husayn's) followers continued to go forward and be killed until there only remained with al Husayn, peace be on him, the members of his own House.

His son, ‘Ali Ibn al Husayn, peace be on them, whose mother was Layla daughter of Abu Murra Ibn Urwa Ibn Masud al-Thaqafi, was (the next) to advance. He was one of the most handsome men of the time. On that day he was nineteen years of age.

He attacked the enemy declaring, “I am ‘Ali Ibn al Husayn Ibn ‘Ali. By the House of God, we are those rightly (endowed) with the Prophet. By God, the son of a spurious son will not judge us. I will strike with my sword in defence of my father. I will strike with the blow of a Hashimi, a Qurayshi.”

He did that several times, and the Kufans were afraid to kill him.

Then Murra Ibn Munqidh al-Abdi saw him. He said, “May the felonies of the Arabs come on me, if he gets past me doing the same as he has been doing, (and) if I do not deprive his mother of him.”

('‘Ali Ibn al Husayn) continued to attack the enemy as he had been doing but then Murra Ibn Munqidh came against him and stabbed him. He was struck down and the enemy fell upon him, cutting him with their swords. Al Husayn, peace be on him, went out until he stood over him and said, “May God kill (the) people who killed you, my son. How fool hardy they are against the Merciful and in violating the sacredness of the family of the Apostle, may God bless him and his family.”

His eyes filled with tears and he said, “There will (only) be dust on the world after you.”

Zaynab, the sister of al Husayn, peace be on him, came hurrying out, crying, “My brother, my nephew!” She came up and threw herself on (her dead nephew). Al Husayn raised her head and then led her back to the tent. He told his young (sons), “Carry your brother back.”

They carried him and put him before the tent which they had been fighting in front of. (Then) one of 'Umar Ibn Sad's men called 'Amr Ibn Subayh shot an arrow at 'Abd Allah Ibn Muslim Ibn Aqil. Abd Allah put his hand to guard his brow. The arrow struck his hand and penetrated through his brow, and riveted the hand to it. He was not able to move it when another man came down on him with a spear, thrust it into his heart, and killed him.

Abd Allah Ibn Qutba al-Ta'i attacked Awn Ibn 'Abd Allah Ibn Ja'far Ibn Abi Talib and killed him.

Amir Ibn Nashhal al-Tamimi attacked Muhammad Ibn Abd Allah Ibn Ja'far Ibn Abi Talib and killed him.

Uthman Ibn Khalid al-Hamdam launched himself against 'Abd al- Rahman Ibn 'Aqil Ibn Abi Talib, and killed him.

Humayd Ibn Muslim reported:

It was like that among us (i.e. many of al Husayn's supporters had been killed by 'Umar Ibn Sa'd's army) when a young lad came out against us. His face was young like the first splinter of the new moon and he carried a sword. He was wearing a shirt and a waistcloth (izar), and a pair of sandals, one of whose straps was broken. 'Umar Ibn Sa'd Ibn Nufayl al-Azdi said to me, “Let me attack him.” I said, “Praise be to God, what do you want to do that for? Leave him. While even one of the family of al Husayn remains, that will be enough to take vengeance on you for his (death).”

But he insisted, “By God, let me attack him.”

So he rushed against him and did not turn back until he had struck his head with his sword and split it in two. The young lad fell face downwards and he called out, “O uncle!” At this, al Husayn, peace be on him, showed himself just like the hawk shows itself. He launched into attack like a raging lion and struck Umar Ibn Sad Ibn Nufayl with his sword. That man tried to fend off the blow with his arm but his arm was cut off from the elbow, and he gave a great shriek (of pain) which was (even) heard by the people in the camp.

As al Husayn, peace be on him, turned away from him, the cavalry of Kufa attacked in order to save him but they (only succeeded) in trampling him to death beneath the horses' hooves, and the dust rose.

I saw al Husayn, peace be on him, standing by the head of the young lad, looking at his feet and al Husayn, peace be on him was saying, “May the people who have caused your death perish. For the one who will oppose them on the Day of Resurrection on your behalf will be your grandfather (‘Ali, or great grandfather, i.e. the Prophet).”

Then he continued, “By God, it is hard on your uncle that you called him and he did not answer you, or rather he answered but your cry was (too late) to help you. For by God, those who kill his relatives are many but those who help him are few.”

Then he carried him in his arms. It is just as if (even now) I am looking at the two legs of the boy making marks (as they trail) on the ground. He took him and put him with his son, '‘Ali Ibn al Husayn, peace be on them both, and the other members of the household who had been slain. I asked about the boy and was told that he was al-Qasim Ibn al-Hasan Ibn ‘Ali Ibn Abl Talib, peace be on them.

Then al Husayn, peace be on him, sat in front of the tent. He brought his son, 'Abd Allah Ibn al Husayn, peace be on him, who was (just) a baby and sat him on his knee. But one of the Banu Asad shot an arrow which slaughtered the child. Al Husayn, peace be on him, caught the child's blood in the palm of his hand.

When his palm was full, he poured (the blood) on to the ground and said, “O Lord, if it be so that You have kept the help of Heaven from us, then let it be because (Your purpose) is better than (immediate help). Take vengeance on these people who are (such) oppressors.”

Then he carried the child and laid him with the (other) members of his household who had been slain.

(Just then) Abd Allah Ibn Uqba al-Ghanawi shot an arrow at Abu Bakr Ibn al-Hasan Ibn ‘Ali, peace be on them, and killed him. When al-Abbas Ibn ‘Ali saw the number of his family who had been killed, he said to his brothers on his mother's side, Abd Allah, Ja'far and Uthman, “My brothers through my mother, go forward so that I may see that you have remained true to God and His Apostle. For you have no children (to defend).”

Abd Allah, may God have mercy on him, advanced and fought fiercely. He exchanged blows with Hani' Ibn Shabib al-Hadrami and Hani' killed him. After him Ja'far went forward and Hani' also killed him. Khawali Ibn Yazid al-Asbahi, may God curse him, went against Uthman who had taken the place of his brother. He fired an arrow at him and brought him down. One of the Banu Darim attacked him (while he was down) and cut off his head.

The attack against Imam Husayn (a.s.) and his Martyrdom

The group then launched an attack against al Husayn, peace be on him, and cut off his access to his camp. His thirst became severe, and he set off towards the dam, trying to reach the Euphrates. In front of him was his brother, al-'Abbas. However, the cavalry of Ibn Sa'd, may God curse him, blocked his route. Among these was a man from the Banu Darim; he said to (the cavalry), “Woe upon you! Prevent him from reaching the Euphrates, don't let him get water.”

Then al Husayn, peace be on him, cried out, “O God, I am thirsty.” The Darim became angry and shot an arrow at him which lodged in his throat. Al Husayn, peace be on him, pulled out the arrow and held his hand below his throat. Both his palms were filled with blood which he shook away, then he said, “O God, I complain to You about what is being done to the son of the daughter of Your Prophet.”

Then he returned to his position, while his thirst had become (even more) severe.

Meanwhile the people had surrounded al-Abbas and cut him off from (al Husayn). Single-handed he began to attack them until he was killed, may God have mercy on him. The two who took part in killing him were Zayd Ibn Warqa al-Hanafi and Hahm Ibn al-Tufail al- Shabsi, after he had been covered with wounds and could not move.

(The account of al Abbas death is missing from Tabari) When al Husayn, peace be on him, came back from the dam to his tents, Shamir Ibn Dhi al-Jawshan advanced towards him with a group of his followers and surrounded him. The fastest of them was a man called Malik Ibn al-Nusayr al-Kindi. He cursed al Husayn, peace be on him, and struck him on the head with his sword. (Al Husayn) was wearing a cap. (The sword) went through it right into his head and made it bleed. The cap was filled with blood.

Al Husayn, peace be on him, said to him, “May you never eat or drink with your right hand! May God gather you (on the Day of Judgement) with those people who are wrong-doers.”

Then he threw away the cap and called for a cloth which he tied around his head. Then he called for another cap, put it on and bound it (in place).

(The above portion is missing from the account of Tabari)

Shamir Ibn Dhi al-Jawshan and those who were with him had withdrawn from him to their (earlier) positions. After a short delay they came again against him and surrounded him. 'Abd Allah Ibn al- Hasan Ibn ‘Ali peace be on them, came out against them, he was only a boy, not yet mature enough to leave the women. He rushed forward until he stood beside his uncle, al Husayn, peace be on him. Then Zaynab, the daughter of ‘Ali, peace be on him, came after him to stop him, and al Husayn, peace be on him, told her to stop him. However he refused (to take any notice of her) and determinedly prevented her (from taking him away). He said, “By God, I will not leave my uncle.”

(At this) Abjar Ibn Ka'b rushed towards al Husayn, peace be on him. With sword (in hand), the young lad said to him, “Woe upon you, you son of an impure woman, are you trying to kill my uncle?” Abjar struck at him with his sword. The boy tried to fend off (the blow) with his arm. The sword cut through (his arm) to the skin (on the other side). There was the arm hanging (by the skin). The boy cried out, “O my mother!” Al Husayn took hold of him and embraced him. He said to him, “My nephew, try to bear what has come to you and be comforted with the news that God will unite you with your righteous ancestors.”

Then al Husayn, peace be on him, raised his hand and said, “O God, even as You have made life pleasant for them for a time, divide them into factions and make them follow the ways of factions and let their rulers never be pleased with them. They summoned us so that they might support us and then they became hostile to us and killed us.”

(Abjar is mentioned as Bahr in Tabari) The foot-soldiers launched an attack from right and left against those who were left with al Husayn, peace be on him, until only a group of three or four remained with him. When al Husayn, peace be on him saw that, he called for a pair of dazzling Yemen trousers (sarawil). He tore them and put them on. He tore them so that he should not have them plundered after he had been killed. When al- Husayn, peace be on him, was killed, Abjar Ibn Kab set on him, plundered him of the trousers and left him naked. After that the two hands of Abjar Ibn Ka'b, may God curse him, became so dry in the summer that they were like sticks and then soaking wet in the winter so that they sprinkled drops of water and puss, until God destroyed him.

When nobody except a group of three members of his family was left with al Husayn, peace be on him, he moved against the people, while the three protected him until (all) three were killed. Al Husayn, was left alone. Despite being weighed down by wounds in his head and body, he began to strike against them with his sword and they scattered, to right and left, away from him.

Then Humayd Ibn Muslim said, “By God, I have never seen such persistence. His sons have been killed, and the members of his household and his followers, yet he is still as brave as ever and he has not allowed his spirit to leave him. When the soldiers attack him, he fights back with his sword and scatters them to right and left of him like goats when a wolf comes upon them.”

When Shamir Ibn Dhi al-Jawshan realised (the position), he called for the cavalry and they came up at the rear of the foot-soldiers. He ordered the archers to shoot at (al Husayn) and they showered him with arrows until he became (quilted with arrows) like a hedgehog (with spikes).

He drew back from them and they stood facing him. His sister Zaynab, came to the door of the tent and called out to 'Umar Ibn Sad Ibn Abi Waqqas, “Woe upon you, Umar. Is Abu Abd Allah being killed while you (stand by and) watch?” But Umar did not answer. Then she called out, “Woe upon you (all), is there not a Muslim among you?” But no-one answered.

Then Shamir Ibn Dhi al-Jawshan shouted at the foot soldiers and the Calvary, “Why are you waiting for the man? May your mothers be deprived of you!” So they attacked him from every side.

Zura Ibn Sharik struck him on the left shoulder-blade and cut into it. Another of them struck him on the shoulder. He fell prostrate on his face. Sinan Ibn Anas al-Nakhai stabbed him with a spear and killed him. Khawali Ibn Yazid al-Asbahi hurried to him and bent down to cut off his head but he trembled (too much). Shamir said to him, “May God crush your arm why are you trembling?” Then Shamir bent down and decapitated him. He lifted the head (and handed it) to Khawati saying, “Take it to the commander 'Umar Ibn Sa'd.”

Then they began to plunder (the body of) al Husayn, peace be on him. Ishaq Ibn al-Hayat al-Hadrami, may God curse him, took his shirt. Abjar Ibn Ka'b, may God curse him, took his trousers. Akhnas Ibn Marthad, may God curse him, took his turban. One of the Banu Darim took his sword. They plundered his saddle and his camel and they looted his womenfolk.

(The name of the plunderers and the plundered objects are different in Tabari)

Humayd Ibn Muslim reported:

By God, I did not see one of his women or daughters or the women of his family who did not have her clothes ripped from her back, taken away and removed from her forcibly. Then we came to ‘Ali Ibn al Husayn, peace be on them both. He was stretched out on a bed and he was very ill. Shamir had a group of foot-soldiers with him and they asked him, “Shall we kill this sick one?” I said, “Praise be to God, will boys be killed (too)? This is only a youth even though he is what he is.” And I went on (arguing) until I had moved them away from him.

Then 'Umar Ibn Sa'd arrived and the women cried out and wept in his face. He ordered his followers, “None of you should enter the tents of these women nor disturb this sick boy.” The women asked him to return what had been taken from them so that they could clothe themselves again. So he commanded that whoever had taken any of their belongings should return them to them. But by God, none of them returned anything. He then entrusted charge of the main tent and the tents of the women to a group (of men) who were; with him. He said, “Guard (the women) so that none of them may leave and do not harm them.”

After this, he returned to his tent and called out to his followers, “Who will volunteer (to go) to al Husayn and make his horse trample on (al Husayn's body)?” Ten volunteered. Of these, Ishaq Ibn Hayyat and Akhnas Ibn Marthad trampled on (the body of) al Husayn with their horses until they had broken and bruised his back. Umar Ibn Sad despatched on that day-it was the day of 'Ashura', - the head of al Husayn, peace be on him, with Khawali Ibn Yazid al-Asbahi and Humayd Ibn Muslim al-Azdi, to Ubayd Allah Ibn Ziyad. Then he ordered the heads of the remainder of his followers and members of his House (who had been slain) to be cut off. There were seventy-two heads. He sent Shamir Ibn Dhi al-Jawshan, Qays Ibn Ash'ath and Amr Ibn al-Hajjaj with these. They journeyed until they brought them to Ibn Ziyad.

He ('Umar Ibn Sad) remained there for the rest of that day and the next day until just after midday. Then he summoned the people for the journey, and set out towards Kufa. He took with him the daughters and sisters of al Husayn, peace be on him, together with '‘Ali Ibn al Husayn, peace be on him. The latter was still sick with a dysentry and was almost on the point of death.

When Ibn Sad departed, some of Banu Asad, who had been staying at al-Ghadiriyya went to al Husayn, peace be on him, and his followers. They performed the funeral prayer over them. Then they buried al Husayn at the place where his tomb still is, and they buried his son '‘Ali Ibn al Husayn al-Asghar (the younger) at the foot of the body. They dug around the area next to the two feet of al Husayn, peace be on him, for the martyrs from his House and his followers.

They gathered them together and buried them all together. However, they buried al-Abbas Ibn '‘Ali, peace be on them both, in the place where he was killed, on the road to al-Ghadiriyya, where his tomb still is.