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About the Translators

Dr. Ghulam-RidaA‘wani heads the Iranian Academy of Philosophy in Tehran. He also teaches Islamic Philosophy at Shahid Beheshti University and the University of Tehran. Dr. A‘wani has authored and edited numerous books on Islamic philosophy and mysticism, including 40 Poems from the Divan of Nasir ad-Din Khosrow, co-edited and co-translated with Peter Wilson. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Tehran.

Dr. Muhammad G. Legenhausen is a research fellow at the Iranian Academy of Philosophy in Tehran. He has taught philosophy at Rice University and at Texas Southern University. He has published various articles on metaphysics and the philosophy of religion, and is the co-editor with Mahdi ‘Abidi of Jihad and Shahadat: Struggle and Martyrdom in Islam. He received his Ph.D. in philosophy from Rice University.