The word "Tazkiah" has been mentioned several times
and in different forms in the Holy Quran. It means the attestation of someone's
honorable record, or to purify one's self. For instance, the following
verses spoke of "Tazkiah":
"Truly he succeeds that purifies it," (91: 9)
"Hast thou slain an innocent person," (18: 74)
"(To announce) to thee the gift of a holy son." (19:
"That is (the course making for) most virtue and purity
amongst you." (2: 232)
The meaning of the first verse is to purify one's
self from evil characteristics which develop from corrupt nutrition, excessive
speech, anger, envy, greed, self and material worship, conceit and vanity.
This type of purification is performed by abandoning such traits and adhering
to the noble characteristics which contradict the above mentioned ones.
The second verse means: Have you killed someone who,
I attest to his honorable record, for he has not committed a crime or an
action, which necessitates punishing.
The third verse speaks of granting a prophet a virtuous
son made pure from all sins, and whose nations conform to goodness. Lady
Fatima Zahra (A) is Zakiyah in all the above-mentioned meanings. This is
understood from the verse of purification, which we have already discussed,
and concluded that She was pure of all abominations or "Rijs."
As for the fourth verse, you can refer to the study
in regard to her name "Al-Mubarakah", for here we have explained the purification
meant in this verse.