The Event of Mubahala - A Rejection of Religious Pluralism

A stage by stage review of the event of Mubahala which took place on the 24th of the Islamic month of Dhu'l Hijja in Medina. According to Islamic sources, the event of Mubahala was a meeting between Prophet Muhammad and a Christian delegation from Najran (present-day Yemen) in the month of Dhu'l-Hijja, 10 AH, where based on the direct verse of the Quran, the Prophet invited the Christians to discuss theology and specifically, the status of Prophet Jesus in Islam. Surely the case of Jesus is like the case of Adam. He created him out of dust, then he said to him, "Be', and he was. This is the truth from thy Lord, so be thou not of those who doubt. Now whoso disputes with thee concerning him, after what has come to thee of Knowledge, say to him "Come let us call our sons and your sons and our women and your women and ourselves and yourselves then let us pray fervently and invoke the curse of Allah on those who lie." — Quran, 3:59–61 The initial effort was to invite the Najrani Christians to Islam and acknowledgement of Prophet Muhammad as a prophet of God and His final emissary. During religious discussions of similarities and differences, the topic of the divinity of 'Īsā (Jesus) arose. The Christians refused to accept Prophet Muhammad's teachings about Christ and refused denying their beliefs - thus, they mutually agreed to invoke a mubahala (prayer curse) regarding their refusal.