Reality of Faith 1/4

Bismillah Al-Rahman Al-Rahim wa bihi nasta'in.Wa salla Allahu ala Muhammad wa aalihi at-Tayyibeen at-Taahireen al-Masumeen. One of the most profound statements of Imam ar-Ridha, alayhi assalam, is how to perfect one's faith and one's belief and Iman.

In one of the beautiful sayings, Imam ar-Ridha, alayhi assalam, says: "la yastakmilu 'abdun haqiqat al-Iman, hatta takuna fihi khisalu thalath: at-tafakku fi 'd-Deen, wa husn at-taqdir fi'l maisha, wa as-sabr ala rizayah". Imam Al-Ridha, alayhi assalam, basically says that a servant or a human beings, Iman will not be perfect, except he has three characteristics: one is that he has knowledge about religion. He learns and gains understanding. He has at-tafakku fi 'd-Deen. That means that he actually struggles and knows the religion, the outer part of the religion, the inner part of the religion, the intricacies of the religion, the different dimensions of religion.

All this is very important in order for the person to get the kamal al-Iman, here, actually, Imam Al-Ridha, alayhi assalam, is not talking of Iman only, he says la yastakmilu 'abdun haqiqat al-Iman. That means that the person will not come to the level of the reality of faith in its perfection, except if he has these three characteristics. If he has them, then he will come to that level of perfect faith.

Number one is at-tafakku fi 'd-Deen. That means understanding religion properly. You know, religion is not to put beard or to wear hijab. This is just the outer form of religion. The reality is to understand and have tafakku. You will find that there are some people who wear hijab, but they know what hijab is properly. They are people, for example, who pray and, you know, five times a day, but with conscious concentration, with understanding, they have the depth of religion. So this is the first important thing that a person should have.

Number two, he says husn at-taqdir fi'l maisha, that means the beauty of control in a your, for example, livelihood, the beauty of control. That means there should be a beautiful control in your livelihood. What do we mean by that?

That means that, you know, when it comes to your expenses, you should control well, you should know where and where is the money coming from? How is the money coming from? How to how do I spend? Should I overspend here? Should I, for example, spend less here and so on. husn at-taqdir fi'l maisha is very, very important.

When a person realizes that the purpose of creation is not these things of the world, the purpose of creation is to get close to Allah, Subhana wa Ta'ala, he will make sure that he uses these things as just a means and he would not take it as an end in itself because the person knows that these are things which will help me to gain closer to my Lord and so on. So husn at-taqdir fi'l maisha is a very important thing. Today we will find poverty comes because there is no husn at-taqdir fi'l maisha.

Secondly, if a person doesn't know where the food is coming from, he says, OK, go and buy something from the hotel. He doesn't know who is the cook, whether he's a Muslim or a non-Muslim, how is it cooked and so on. And he gets that food that he eats that actually affects the heart and also it affects its faith. The person you find that he will not be very faithful. Why? Because the food that he has eaten has a problem. So this is number two.

And the third characteristic that Imam Al-Ridha, alayhi assalam, mentioned is wa as-sabr ala rizayah. That means patients over calamities. And, you know, when we talk about calamity, sometimes the calamities are not those calamities that are externally on us. Sometimes the problems and the adversities come because of worshiping Allah, Subhana wa Ta'ala, because of obeying Allah, Subhana wa Ta'ala.

That is why these things come. So if a person would actually want to get that perfection of faith, these are the three things that he or she can do.

InshaAllah, we will continue with the same subject in our next episode. Wa Al-Hamdulillahi Rabb Al-Alameen, wa salla Allahu ala Muhammad, wa aalihi at-Tayyibeen at-Taahireen al-Masumeen.

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