What dua's should we be making and what rules do we need to know as the end of the holy Ramadan is approaching in regards to giving zakaat?
Bismillah al-Rahman al-Rahim. Many days of the month of Ramadhan have passed. We pray to Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala that if so far we have not done anything that He is pleased with, then in the nights that remain, He gives us the tawfiq and the inspiration to do the things that please Him, InshaAllah wa Ta'ala.
In the Hadith that Rasul Allah, salla Allahu alayhi wa alihi wa sallam, gave at the end of Sha'ban, he talks about istighfar. This is the month of istighfar. And then he says, 'Fa inna shaqiyyah man hurima ghufrana Allahi fee hadha shari al-'adheem.' The most unfortunate or wretched person is the one who misses out on being forgiven in this great month of forgiveness. And really, if forgiveness is being given to everyone so easily, thousands are being released from the Fire of Hell, how can someone actually be on the wrong side and miss out? Of course, such a person would be extremely unfortunate and wretched. And that only comes from ghaflah, from a kind of absolute carelessness about what is on offer. And we don't want to be from that.
So what does istighfar mean here? When we say to Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala that we seek your maghfirah, we want your ghufraan, what does it mean? Essentially, our Imams have taught us that there are three elements. If you want to know for sure that you have been forgiven without doubt, then the first thing is to have real regret, real regret with all your heart that 'Ya Allah, I don't know how I went through so many years of doing this particular thing. This thing I will never do.' So regret. And in many Hadiths we have that, if the regret is really sincere and really deep, that itself, this ghidama, is enough for tawbah.
The second is, a resolve not to repeat. Sometimes we say 'Ok, I regret what has happened and please forgive me.' But in our hearts, we still are not ready, not to repeat. So istighfar requires you, at least at that point, at that point, maybe in the future you are not successful in your resolve, it's true, but at that point you are resolved not to do this again. So, for example, if you have not been praying the Fajr Salah, not keeping the hijab of Fatima Zahra as-salaamu Allahi 'alayha, not doing these things, in the month of Ramadhan, you make this niyyah that 'Ya Allah, forgive me, forgive me for this trespass. And then at that point you resolve, from now on I will pray the Fajr every day. Maybe in the future you slip a little bit. But at that point you are completely convinced. So that is part two.
And the third one is you must put right any of the wajibat, any of the things that are due on you before you are fully forgiven. So, for example, if you do not pay the khums, it is not enough to say 'Ya Allah, I really regret that.' And it's not enough to say 'From now on, I will not repeat that.' But in to complete it, you have to pay. You have to find out what is your due. If you have never paid khums, you have to find out from the Faqih or from the representative of the Faqih 'What is my situation? Guide me on my particular situation.' And then you put it right. This together is istighfar.
So this is very important, that it's not just something we want to say, because when you really do istighfar, it's not about getting out of the punishment only. But it is actually opening the door to Rahmah. You know, when you do istighfar, you remove a kind of blockage to Allah's Rahmah, which is, Allah's Rahmah is always coming out. But it is your particular sins that stop them from reaching you. And when you do istighfar, you remove it.
It's very interesting Hadith from a man who came to Imam Al-Husayn 'alayhi as-salam. And he said that he was from the farms and he said 'You know we are not getting any rain. It's difficult time for us. Make a prayer for us. What should we do?' Now, Imam 'alayhi as-salam, maybe you and I would say, pray to Allah for rain. Imam 'alayhi as-salam, said to him 'You and your community should do istighfar.' He said istighfar, Ya Ibn Rasul Allah?' He said 'Yes, seek forgiveness for your sins.' Khub, he went away.
Then after a while, another person came to him and he said 'Recently, you know I have been very, my money is very tight. I have become poor. And also I have been trying for years to have children. And Allah has not given me any child. Give me a Du'a. What should I do?' The Imam 'alayhi as-salam said to him 'Do istighfar.' He said 'istighfar? For wealth and for children?' He said 'Do istighfar.'
Later on somebody asked him 'Ya Ibn Rasul Allah, different people. Actually, one person came to him for water. Another one person came to him for wealth. It was a third person actually, who came to him for children. 'Ya Ibn Rasul Allah, I was sitting in this majalis of yours, everybody who is coming, you are telling them 'Do istighfar.' For different, different problems. Imam 'alayhi as-salam recited an ayah of the Qur'an for him from Surat-un Nuh. He says to him 'Read the Qur'an. Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala says "Fa qultu staghfiroo Rabbakum innahu kana Ghaffara" (71:10). If you do istighfar to Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala, then what? "Yursili as-sama'a 'alaikum midrara" (71:11). He will open up the skies and water will come down on you. "Wa yumdidkum bi amwaalin, wa baneen, wa yaj'allakum Jannatin wa yaj'allakum anhara" (71:12). He will give you wealth. He will give you children and will open up for you all these na'mat. I gave them the answer of istighfar because Allah says all these na'mat are blocked from you because of sin, because of ma'siya, because of defiance of Allah. You have defied Allah and you're not sorry. When you are sorry and when you do this, istighfar, that is when it comes. So isthighfar is, this is the month for it. Really, we cannot be in that group who are wretched and who miss out on it. We have to have it because it is there and so on. InshaAllah, we pray to Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala to guide us in this.
Just a couple of masa'ils as we are now approaching Eid soon is one masa'il to do with Zakat, the Zakat of Eid ul-Fitr. The Zakat of Fitra as it's called. And this is a wajib Zakat for everybody who is fasting, everybody who is, every Muslim actually. And what happens is, on the eve of Eid ul-Fitr, on the eve of Eid ul-Fitr, a person has to give this Zakat. He has to separate it from his wealth, this Zakat, for himself. Also for anybody who is dependent on him, for example, maybe his family, children and so on. Also anybody else who is in his house really, at that time of Maghrib, who is now his guest for the night, who is dependent as his guest for the night, for him as well.
And what is this Fitra? It is 3 kilogrammes, 3 kilogrammes of food, whether it is rice or wheat or barley or raisins or dates, something that is food, 3 kilogrammes of it to reach to the poor Mustahi, to the poor Shia as per ihtiyat, but if there are no Shia locality, can go to Muslims as well, but should not go to the enemies of Ahlul Bayt. So this is something that has to be done according to ihtiyat. If you are going to pray Eid Salat the next day, before the Eid Salat, that you have separated it out and you have given it to the Mustahi, InshaAllah wa Ta'ala.
And may Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala accept our 'amaal. May Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala make our Eid definite in those, that Eid which is a festival for those who have fasted successfully and who have taken from Allah the benefits of the fast InshaAllah wa Ta'ala. Wa as-salamu alaykum, wa rahmatullahi, wa barakatuh.