Said about az-Zubayr at a time for which it was
He asserts that he swore allegiance to me with his hand but did
not swear with his heart. (1) So he does admit
As regards his claiming it otherwise than with his heart he should
come forward with a clear argument for it. Otherwise, he should
return to wherefrom he has gone out. (2)
(1). When after swearing allegiance on the hand
Amir al-mu'minin, az-Zubayr ibn al-`Awwam broke the allegiance,
then sometimes he put forth the excuse that he was forced to swear
allegiance and that forced allegiance is no allegiance, and sometimes
he said that allegiance was only for show. His heart did not go
in accord with it. As though he himself admitted with his tongue
the duplicity of his outer appearance and inner self. But this
excuse is like that of the one who reverts to apostasy after adopting
Islam and to avoid penalty may say that he had accepted Islam
only by the tongue, not in the heart. Obviously, such an excuse
cannot be heard, nor can avoid punishment by this argument. If
az-Zubayr suspected that `Uthman was slain at Amir al-mu'minin's
insistence, this suspicion should have existed when he was taking
oath for obedience and stretching his hand for allegiance, not
now that his expectations were getting frustrated and hopes had
started dawning from somewhere else.
(2). Amir al-mu'minin has rejected his claim
form thus: that when he admits that his hands had paid allegiance
then until there is justification for breaking of the allegiance
he should stick to it. But if, according to him his heart was
not in accord with it he should produce other proof for it. Since
proof about the state of heart cannot be adduced how can he bring
such proof, and an assertion without proof is unacceptable to
Return to Table of Contents.
Forward to Sermon 9.
Back to Sermon 7.