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If fasting harms her health or the health of her embryo, she is then not allowed to fast.

Wassalam.

Bismihi ta'ala

It is highly recommended for both men and women to recite Adhan and Iqamah, especially if they are praying on their own, and not in jama'ah. 

Of course, the difference is that a female should recite in a low voice in the presence of a non-mahram. As for performing jama'ah prayers, of course a female can do loud Adhan and a female can lead jama'ah prayers if they are all women. 

And Allah knows best

Bismihi ta'ala

In general, Islam prohibits abortion, and this is the primary law, considering abortion unlawful and a form of murder, where blood-money must be paid and a kaffarah.

In brief, there are certain circumstances where abortion becomes allowed. In the case of a rape incident, with the victim falling pregnant, before the fourth month (entering of the soul into the fetus), she is allowed to abort the fetus if there is extreme difficulty upon her to keep the baby. This means her mental state as the mother is unstable, her family and social status will be ruined, and she will not be able to bear the extremely damaging consequences of all of this. In this case, she is permitted to have an abortion. 

As for after the fourth month, there are different opinions on this, and she must refer to her Marja' taqleed for the fatwa. 

And Allah knows best. 

Bismihi ta'ala

If you do not have a physical injury or a handicap that would prevent you from observing the correct form of prayer, which is standing up, then you are not allowed to pray sitting down. 

Whatever the environment may be, you must be able to take breaks, in which you can find an empty space to pray in. If the situation is very bad, then you must think of leaving that toxic environment so you are able to express your religious freedom and do you wajibaat in the correct form. 

And Allah knows best