Yes, the obligatory dress in front of Mahram like real father, brother, real uncles must cover the parts of the body which if left uncovered can cause bad feelings or bad effect. Although full Hijab is not obligatory in front of Mahram close relatives ( mentioned above) but modest dress is obligatory.
It is narrated by Shaikh Al-Saqouq in his book Al-Khisaal that Imam Jafar Al-Sadiq said: I wonder from a person who is in distress, how he does not recite LAA ELAAHA ELLA ANTA SUBHAHAANAK INNI KUNTO MINALDHAALIMEEN, as I heard Allah saying after it: Then We responded to him and saved him from distress and this is how We save the believers.
This means that reciting this verse لا إله إلا أتت سبحانك إني كنت من الظالمينremoves distress.
If you mean by CFD trading the Forex trading, then the answer is: It is allowed if it deals with companies dealing with lawful activities only. It has the same rules of stock exchange dealings which are permissible if the shares are from companies dealing with lawful activities only.
No one from us can suggest the exact nature of time in the grave, and how dead persons feel the time in their graves, simply because we have not yet experienced it.
What we know for sure according to Quran and authentic Hadeeths that the grave of the believer will be like a garden from Paradise, while the grave of non believer will be a ditch from the hellfire. No doubt, there is morning and evening felt in the grave because we read in Quran that the punishment of Firaon and his supporters will be exposure to fire in the morning and evening النار يُعرًضون عليها غُدوا وعًشيا.(Sura 40, verse 46).
Yes, it is allowed.
Controlling bad desires is always possible through strong will power and strengthening the intellectual qualities and remembering the results of the good deeds and bad deeds. Those who use their senses and intellect, see the results before it happens as life has millions of similar examples of people who followed their desires and landed in disastrous results and pious people who controlled their desires and got high degrees of success.
Dreams are not intentional acts, so , there is no punishment for just dreaming.
You must keep on trying to reach to the real owner and return the parcel to them. If -after trying your best- you become sure that there is no hope at all to reach to the owners, then the item will be Majhool al-Maalik (unknown owner) which should be given to the poor on behalf of the owners.
Children who die before reaching the age of Buloogh (Puberty) will be in the mercy of Allah and will never suffer at all. They will be offered to enter Paradise but according to Hadeeths, they will prefer to wait for their parents to enter Paradise with them.
Children with special needs will have more bounties and more mercy in the hereafter for all the sufferings they had in this life.
The classical/traditional ruling is that a woman has a limited right to divorce.
In practice, I have never seen a marriage which stayed together because a woman legally "can't divorce". If a marriage breaks down to that degree, there is usually a separation (either the wife leaves the home, or the husband leaves the home, or both agree to separate).
The shariah aspect informs what happens next - sadly, what sometimes happens is that the man refuses to grant the wife a divorce out of revenge, he moves on and marries another wife, and the woman is trapped being married to him in name only. Then, she puts forward a lot of effort to get a shariah divorce from the non-marriage, and oftentimes this is accomplished after some time (sometimes years) and with a lot of disillusionment.
The point being, at any rate, that if a marriage is unbearable, people won't stay together because of this particular law.
Regarding emotional intelligence, individuals vary. There are men with good emotional intelligence and men with low emotional intelligence. The same with women.
However, given the social pressures on women, women tend to have very acute survival skills in these matters. Most women in Muslim societies or communities in which divorce is stigmatized are acutely aware of the stigma of divorce and how it will disadvantage them or their children socially and financially and do not rush into it by any means. This stigma is cultural and not an original part of Islam; when you read hadith from the time of the Prophet (S), you see that it was not unusual for women to be widowed or divorced and to expect to remarry; the stigma against it in some societies is more of a modern thing. (Maybe things are changing these days, at least a few decades ago there was in some places a lot of stigma.) This is not to say that men won't suffer stigma - this also varies from society to society - but in general women tend to suffer more from divorce socially and financially, especially if they were a financial dependent.
(Exceptions may apply! I am just speaking in general here not for every specific case. Women, like men, also vary in their level of interest in being committed to a marriage.)
Anyway, regarding divorce law, there are some individuals in this day and age who are giving it another look. This is not dissimilar to how certain laws in the past were given another look, such as laws regarding the purity/impurity of Ahl al-Kitab.
In the meantime, one can work around this by granting the woman the right to divorce at the time the marriage contract is performed. (Sadly, again, this is often not enough to guarantee that a woman will be able to get the assistance needed for divorce, except in places where Shia Islamic marriage contracts are legally enforced, such as Iran, but at least it is something.) Maybe in the coming decades there will be some more dialogue on this issue.
Of course we hope that everyone has successful marriages and doesn't need to divorce! This is just a precaution.
This may come across as a non-answer, but I wanted to point out that there is a difference between "male" and "husband" and "female" and "wife". I am pointing this out because in most popular Islamic discourse about gender (at least up until recently), any discussion of "woman" was basically equivalent to a discussion of "wife" and the two terms were used interchangeably.
Whereas, in reality, a woman's existence is more than being a wife (there are times in her life when she won't be a wife, and times when she may be), and so one can't entirely reduce the question of gender in Islam to shariah laws regarding marriage.
Regarding the Quran, the only place where it actually discusses men and women differently is with respect to a few details about marriage (such as the 'iddah after divorce), pregnancy, or related issues (I would categorize the verse about khimar as relating to marital issues). By and large, the Qur'an doesn't have a lot to say about the nature or "role" of women in society or everyday life and seems to leave it open to people to choose how they want to live.
Regarding laws of shariah which might seem to be unbalanced, there are two views. One is that they are all correct and reflect the will of God in a perfect system. The other is that many of them are correct but some of them might have been misunderstood over the ages and are worth another look. For instance some people question the view why a husband should be allowed to prohibit his wife from leaving the home, since marriage is not supposed to be imprisonment, and in extreme cases this can disadvantage a woman severely. (Even though most people do not live this way and actually keep their wives imprisoned at home, but it does happen and is justified in the name of religion.) This is not the dominant "mainstream" view and is more of a reformist view but may become more mainstream in the future. God knows best.
This is one of those questions that has been asked for thousands of years and maybe it is one we are all meant to ponder on. However, here are a couple thoughts:
* The famous narration that "I [Allah] was a hidden treasure and I wished to be known, so I created the creation."
* Insofar as the attribute of the Creator (al-Khaliq) is one way of describing Allah, one might say that it is an innate tendency of Allah to create, just as a human artist often feels compelled to create. So, simply put, Allah creates because it is the divine nature to make things. Some people view creation as a perpetual matter; that is, every moment, Allah is re-creating creation, not just as something that happened once for the universe.
* Some people also say it is part of divine mercy to create sentient beings. Even though life can be difficult, we wouldn't even be able to say it is difficult if we weren't created with intellect and senses.
It is an excellent question to explore and I wish you the best in your pondering and research!
as salam alaikum
scrupulously performing wajibat and abstaining from muharramat are the best way to start to control low desires. It follows to perform supererogatory acts whereas possible and to intensify our inner qualities (like sincerity, reliance on Allah, patience, hope, etc...) in our daily lives in the light of Islamic teachings and the Islamic way of life.
With prayers for your success.