A mosque (; from Arabic: مَـسْـجِـد, romanized: masjid, lit. place of ritual prostration) is a place of worship for Muslims.Any act of worship that follows the Islamic rules of prayer can be said to create a mosque, whether or not it takes place in a special building. Informal and open-air places of worship are called musalla, while mosques used for communal prayer on Fridays are known as jāmiʿ.
Yes it is permissible to pray Eid prayers in Sunni mosque. Eid prayer can be performed in congregation ( Jama'ah) as well as individually (Furada). When pray with congregation of Sunni brothers, you need to recite every Sura and Du'a in whispering without clear voice. This is exactly like praying any prayer with Sunni congregation.
Thank you for your question. Shias do not have any restrictions for other denominations of Muslims to enter a mosque. Rather, a mosque should be a safe space for all Muslims. Perhaps there may be local cultural sensitivities which you will have to assess on a case by case basis.
May you always be successful
If you are in hurry and can't wait till Jama'at starts, you can pray individually (Furada) but it should not send a wrong message of disrespect to the Imam of Jama'at or to the participants who are waiting to join the congregational Prayer.
Friday (Jum'ah) Prayer is obligatory if it was called for with all its conditions. This is according to the obligatory precaution ( Ehtiyat Wajib) according many of our leading scholars.
Jummah prayer can never be performed individually (Furada). It must have all its conditions including number of participants of minimum five in congregation.
Yes. We are encouraged by Ahlul Bayt (AS) to pray in any Masjid and with Muslims of any sect.
Shia great scholars (Maraaji' of Taqleed) allow reciting Quran in any of the famous seven recitations including the Qira'ah of Warsh, although we believe that the Qira'ah of Hafs from 'Aasim is the most authentic as it was taken from Ameerul Mo'mineen Ali (AS).
We are allowed to pray behind any Muslim following any Muslim sect apart from Shia Islam, but we need to recite Al-Hamd and Sura whispering,bin the first and second Rak'ats for ourselves.
Any money generated from unlawful business or work e.g. alcohol, is not allowed to be received as donation nor can be used in any work whether in Masjid or otherwise.
Yes of course. It is recommended to pray in any Masjid whether managed by Sunni or Shia persons. It is also highly recommended to pray with Muslims who follow other Islamic sects, keeping in mind and abiding the rules of the prayers according to Ahlul Bayt (AS).
The word imām simply means one who leads. It comes from the root word 'amma, which means someone who other people follow.
The Arabic word amām means front or forward, and imām, denotes that as well, because the leader or one who is being followed is going to be in the front. The term ummah also comes from the same root word as well.
The opposite of the imām is the ma'mūm, which means the follower (ma'mūmīn -followers). The plural for imām is a'imma.
For example, the person leading prayer is called imām jamā'ah, or leader of congregational prayer. The follower/s are called ma'mūm/ma'mūmīn.
The Quran makes reference to this term, using it for righteous leaders, but also using it for evil leaders as well (like surah tawbah, 12).
Therefore, the term imām can be used in different ways, depending on its context.
It could be imām of congregational prayer. The term imām could be used as a title for a scholar, like the local imām who is an Islamic cleric. It could be used for someone who aspires to become a leader among the righteous, like the verse:
وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا
It could be used as an honorific title for someone who was a great leader, like Imām Khomeini.
It could be imām of the four Sunni Madhhabs, like Imām al-Shafi'i.
It could be used as a title for the chief leader, or a ruler, or a caliph.
In our Shi'i context, we avoid using the word caliph as a title for our leaders and the successors of the Prophet (s.a.w), and we refer to them as Imāms, like Imām Ali, etc.
And Allah knows best.
The call for Salah which is called Athaan (Azaan) was made during the time of the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) from a high place to reach to maximum number of Muslims. This is a historic fact. Based on this fact, the minarets were constructed later on.
If you are sure that the Masjid will remain under the management of reasonable persons and will not be influenced by extreme Wahabi groups, then you can help them.
It is better to help poor Mo'mineen in poor areas or poor countries where they don't have a Masjid.
It is recommended to pray with Muslims from any sect. As it is a Friday prayer, you need to pray your own Dhuhr prayer before or after it.
Praying with our Muslim brothers from any sect is highly recommended.