A mosque (; from Arabic: مَـسْـجِـد, romanized: masjid, lit. place of ritual prostration) is a place of worship for Muslims.Any act of worship that follows the Islamic rules of prayer can be said to create a mosque, whether or not it takes place in a special building. Informal and open-air places of worship are called musalla, while mosques used for communal prayer on Fridays are known as jāmiʿ.
Shia great scholars (Maraaji' of Taqleed) allow reciting Quran in any of the famous seven recitations including the Qira'ah of Warsh, although we believe that the Qira'ah of Hafs from 'Aasim is the most authentic as it was taken from Ameerul Mo'mineen Ali (AS).
We are allowed to pray behind any Muslim following any Muslim sect apart from Shia Islam, but we need to recite Al-Hamd and Sura whispering,bin the first and second Rak'ats for ourselves.
Any money generated from unlawful business or work e.g. alcohol, is not allowed to be received as donation nor can be used in any work whether in Masjid or otherwise.
Yes of course. It is recommended to pray in any Masjid whether managed by Sunni or Shia persons. It is also highly recommended to pray with Muslims who follow other Islamic sects, keeping in mind and abiding the rules of the prayers according to Ahlul Bayt (AS).
The word imām simply means one who leads. It comes from the root word 'amma, which means someone who other people follow.
The Arabic word amām means front or forward, and imām, denotes that as well, because the leader or one who is being followed is going to be in the front. The term ummah also comes from the same root word as well.
The opposite of the imām is the ma'mūm, which means the follower (ma'mūmīn -followers). The plural for imām is a'imma.
For example, the person leading prayer is called imām jamā'ah, or leader of congregational prayer. The follower/s are called ma'mūm/ma'mūmīn.
The Quran makes reference to this term, using it for righteous leaders, but also using it for evil leaders as well (like surah tawbah, 12).
Therefore, the term imām can be used in different ways, depending on its context.
It could be imām of congregational prayer. The term imām could be used as a title for a scholar, like the local imām who is an Islamic cleric. It could be used for someone who aspires to become a leader among the righteous, like the verse:
وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا
It could be used as an honorific title for someone who was a great leader, like Imām Khomeini.
It could be imām of the four Sunni Madhhabs, like Imām al-Shafi'i.
It could be used as a title for the chief leader, or a ruler, or a caliph.
In our Shi'i context, we avoid using the word caliph as a title for our leaders and the successors of the Prophet (s.a.w), and we refer to them as Imāms, like Imām Ali, etc.
And Allah knows best.
Non Muslims are different types;
1. People of Book who are Christians and Jewish etc who have different rules in entering Masjid. The obligatory precaution prevents letting them inside a Masjid.
2. Non Muslims who are not People of Book e.g Mushrik or denying religion etc, are definitely not allowed to enter any Masjid.
The call for Salah which is called Athaan (Azaan) was made during the time of the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) from a high place to reach to maximum number of Muslims. This is a historic fact. Based on this fact, the minarets were constructed later on.
If you are sure that the Masjid will remain under the management of reasonable persons and will not be influenced by extreme Wahabi groups, then you can help them.
It is better to help poor Mo'mineen in poor areas or poor countries where they don't have a Masjid.
It is recommended to pray with Muslims from any sect. As it is a Friday prayer, you need to pray your own Dhuhr prayer before or after it.
Praying with our Muslim brothers from any sect is highly recommended.
Engaging in haram acts does not mean one abandons their devotion to Allah ta'ala and their 'ibadah.
Indeed, it is even more important to stress on that, for the purpose of hopefully empowering oneself to become more obedient to God and stay away from sin.
Yes, this man should continue to pray, fast, and perform everything else required by him as a Muslim. If done in the correct way, they will also be valid as well.
With prayers for your success.
This matter has different opinions among the Maraaji' of Taqleed who are the highest in Islamic knowledge. Many of them e.g. Ayatullah Sistani and Ayatullah Sayyed Sa'eed al-Hakeem say that non Muslims are not allowed to enter Masjid according to obligatory precaution but they are allowed to inter all other religious places like Islamic centers and Husainiyya and Imam bargah etc.
'Other Scholars e.g. Ayatullah Kho'ee and Ayatullah Waheed Khurasani say that non Muslims are allowed to enter usual Masjids "except Masjid al-Haraam " if they don't carry with them any item which can make the Masjid Najis.
Yes, we are allowed to pray at home especially when the Mosque is closed. Friday prayer has its conditions where ever it was established e.g. minimum number of participant is five, and the Imam of Jum'ah must be 'Adil (pious believer who does not commit sins) and other conditions.
According to the view of our esteemed jurists, attending Salat al-Jumu'ah (Friday Prayer) is not wajib, but only Mustahab, and you are able to either attend, or pray your Dhuhr and 'Asr at home. You have this option to choose.
Of course, it is always recommended to pray in the form of jama'ah, or congregation, so it is encouraged to try to pray your wajib prayers in jama'ah in any opportunity you have.
With prayers for your success.