In Islam, khums (Arabic: خُمْس Arabic pronunciation: [xums], literally 'one fifth') refers to the required religious obligation of any Muslims to pay one-fifth of their acquired wealth from certain sources toward specified causes. It is treated differently in Shia and Sunni Islam. This tax is paid to the imam, caliph or sultan, representing the state of Islam, for distribution between the orphans, the needy, and the [stranded] traveler.In Sunni Islam tradition, the scope of khums tax has been ghanim, which is defined as the spoils of war.
If your husband gives you pocket money to keep for you or spend as you want, then this means that the money is yours. Such money owned by you is your responsibility and any remaining amount of it must be applied for Khums.
If your husband gives you the money to keep it for home expenses to be made on his behalf, then such money is still his money but kept with you. In such case, no Khums on you because your husband is still the owner of that amount.
If they have shown you a written ijazah of them being able to receive khums from the Marja', or you are of the level of trusting the individual in what they are saying about their receipt and its authority, then that would suffice.
If not, request a receipt from the office.
The requirement of A.U. Seyid Sistani's office is that whenever you give a khums payment, a receipt must be issued from the office.
With prayers for your success.
Money given to you is your money. If any amount of that money remains with you unspent, after one year from owning that amount,then Khums will be obligatory on that remaining amount only.
1. Clothes or items which were been purchased using money which was earned and remained with you for one year or more and you did not pay Khums of that remaining money. When Khums was obligatory on an amount, it remains obligatory on any item been purchased using that money which is a Khums non-paid money. If you are sure that you purchased any cloth or item using such Khums-non-paid money, you must pay the Khums on the original amount of the purchase, not the current value.
2. Clothes or items which you did not use for one year or more, Khums becomes obligatory on it or it's current value which can be less that the original value.
3. There is no Khums on clothes or items which you purchased from your earnings during the same year of earning as far as you use them and did not leave using them for one year.
4. There is no Khums on clothes or items for lawful use purchased using saved money out of which was Khums paid.
No, as the responsibility of paying the Khums is not on him but on his father.
All family members who eat and utilize money are not responsible to pay its Khums because they are not the owners and Khums is obligatory on the owner only.
Sahm e Sadat is the right of pious needy Sadat. If the person is poor, pious Sayyed then you can give him from Sahm e Sadat.
Khums is obligatory on everything you own on the day of your Khums. Rise in shares value means increase in your wealth, which must be calculated as part of your owning.
If you have already paid it's Khums, then no Khums again on the remaining amount because it has been already purified by paying its Khums.
We have many narrations that Sahm Imam which is half of the Khums must be given the Marje' of Taqleed being a deputy of the Imam during the occultation of imam Al-Mahdi (AS). You can read many of theses narrations in Wasa'il al-Shia by Al-Hurr Al-A'amily in the chapter of Khums.
Yes it permissible as far as there is a valid permission (Ijaza) for every place or project.
The time of calculation of Khums is the end of the year of Khums which starts when you started earning. Any wealth more than last year's Mukhammas ( post Khums paid remaining amount) should be calculated for Khum of this year on the date of Khums.
In the case of khums payment, it is not dependent on whether you work or not. It is a matter of what you have when your khums date comes. Should you have any savings that you have not paid khums on before, and it is your pure excess and savings from that year, then you will need to pay khums on it.
In addition to this, another case of khums being applicable on you would be items that you own and are new and you have not used.
Please refer to your Marja' taqleed for detailed information.
And Allah knows best.