Shia (شيعة Shīʿah, from Shīʿatu ʿAlī, "adherent of Ali"), also transliterated Shiah and Shiʿah, is a branch of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad designated Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor and the Imam (leader) after him, most notably at the event of Ghadir Khumm, but was prevented from the caliphate as a result of the incident at Saqifah. This view primarily contrasts with that of Sunni Islam, whose adherents believe that Muhammad did not appoint a successor and consider Abu Bakr, who they claim was appointed Caliph through a Shura, i.e. community consensus in Saqifa, to be the first rightful Caliph after the Prophet. Adherents of Shia Islam are called Shias of Ali, Shias or the Shi'a as a collective or Shi'i or Shi'ite individually.
Asalamu Alaykom, Aisha is viewed as one of the opponents of the prophet and Ahlul Bayt (as) due to her various bad actions. Please read the following answer below to see some of the reasons:
May Allah grant you success
as salam alaikum
there are different types of tafsir. One is the tafsir based on reports, mainly from Imam al-Baqir and Imam al-Sadiq, peace bu upon them, like Tafsir al-al-'Ayyashi, Tafsir al-Qummi and other later works; although many ulama casted doubts on the authenticity of many of these reports, others have made use of them so we don't find unanimity in this regard. Other tafsirs focus on different qira'at, Arabic language, opinions of sahabah, tabi'in, other scholars and their reasonings: that is the case for the Tafsir of Shaykh Tusi and Allamah Tabrisi. Others emphasized the explanation of the Qur'an through the Qur'an, Quranic analysis, intellectual and theological (and even philosophical) discussions; that is the case of Tafsir al-Mizan by 'Allamah Tabataba'i and those who have followed his methodology.
It is difficult to universally establish what is the"best shia tafsir" because it depends on the conclusions of singular scholars, students and researchers, and many times personal tendencies and "taste" play also a role in it.
With prayers for your success.
Our divine leaders are the Prophets and the Infallible Imams and their sincere followers.
We believe that our absolute obedience must be to Allah, the Prophet (SAWA) and the Infallible Ahlul Bayt (AS). Beside them, No saint or scholar etc has the status of absolute obedience on us.
If fact, there is no need at all for saints in Shia Islam as the divine leadership of Ahlul Bayt (AS) is the real leadership for us.
Thank you for your question. If by saints you mean people that have reached closeness to Allah due to their efforts in worship, developing their faith and knowledge, passing trials and tribulations and other such qualities then there is no doubt that Shias not only accept the existence of saints but advocate a path to realize that potential in every person. The most perfect friends of God are the holy Prophet (saw) and his Household (as) as well as the prophets (as) and all of those who follow their footsteps have a place among the friends of God.
May you always be successful and be included among God's chosen friends
The meaning of Daabbat al Ardh is Not beast of the earth at all. We should not be misled by wrong translations. Baabbat al-Ardh is any being which moves on earth. Some people wrongly think that it means an animal. While in the Holy Qu’ran
we read that every moving creature is a Daabbah as Allah (SWT) says in
Surah Hud verse number 6 : “There is no Daabbah on the earth but its
sustenance is from Allah (SWT)”. And also in Surah Nahl verse 61 : “If
Allah (SWT) blames people because of the wrong they do, no Daabbah will
remain on the earth”. Which means all human beings are also Daabbah. In
Surah Al Anfal verse 22 : “Verily, the worst of Daabbah with Allah
(SWT) are those who are deaf and dumb who don’t reflect (don’t
understand)”. So Daabbah is not only an animal but also all the human
beings are Dabbah as well. The verse in the Holy Qur’an which is
regarding Daabbat al Ardh was discussed among many scholars according
to the references of their knowledge, Those who do not follow the
Ahlul Bayt (AS), they claimed that the Daabbah is an unusual animal
which has abnormal acts, but this understanding goes against the verse
itself when Allah (SWT) says in Surah al-Naml verse 82 : “And when the
word of torment is fulfilled against them, we shall bring out from the
earth, a moving creature (Daabbah from the earth) to speak to them that most of mankind did not believe with certainty in the verses of Allah (SWT)”. So this is the
act of this special creature and it cannot be an animal who speaks the
facts which are known only to the prophets and their successors.
This Daabbah itself will be a miracle from Allah (SWT).
The scholars who follow Ahlul Bayt (AS) understand the real meaning of
this verse from the authentic Hadeeths which says that Daabbah
according to the Hadeeth narrated by Huthaifah Ibn al Yaman that the Holy
Prophet (SAWA) explained this verse and said that the Daabbah will be
supported by Allah (SWT) and no enemy will harm this Daabbah nor can
escape from this Daabbah and this Daabbah will stamp on the Mo’min
forehead that he is a Mo’min and will write on the forehead of a
Kaafir that he is a Kaafir and the Daabbah will be carrying the stick
of Prophet Musa and the ring of Prophet Sulaiman (ref : Majma’ al
Bayan by al Tabrasi).
We have another narration in Tafseer Ali ibn Ibrahim narrated from
Imam Ja’far as Sadiq (AS) that the meaning of Daabbah is none but Ameer
ul Mo’meneen (AS) (ref : Majma’ al Bayan by al Tabrasi). Another
narration from Tafseer al Ayyashi gives the same meaning. In Bihaar ul
Anwaar Volume 53 Page 52, authentic chain of narrators from Imam
Ja’far as Sadiq (AS) state that the Holy Prophet (SAWA) entered the
Masjid in Madinah and saw Ameer ul Mo’meneen (AS) sleeping and putting
his head on sand as a pillow. The Holy Prophet (SAWA) put his hands on
the legs of Ameer ul Mo’meneen (AS) and told him : “Get up O Dabbaat
of Allah (SWT)”. One of the companions said : “O Holy Prophet (SAWA),
shall we also call each other with this name?” The Holy Prophet (SAWA)
said : “No. By Allah (SWT) this name is only for Ameer ul Mo’meneen
(AS) and he has been mentioned in the Book of Allah (SWT) (Surah Naml
verse 82)”. And the Holy Prophet (SAWA) told Ameer ul Mo’meneen (AS) :
“O Ali, at the end of time Allah (SWT) will bring you up in the best
of shape with a marker with which you will mark your enemies”.
We have also a mention that Imam al Mahdi (ATFS) will mark the
believers and the non-believers (Tafseer Abul Futooh al Raazi Volume 8
Quds is the place where Baitul Maqdis Masjid is, and Baitul Maqdis is the first Qibla for Muslims.
In the narrations from the Ahlul Bayt (AS) we have a narration from Imam Mohammad al Baqir (AS) telling Abu Hamza al Thimali that the great Masjids are four: al Masjid al Haraam in Makkah, the Masjid of the Holy Prophet (SAWA) in Madinah, Masjid Baitul Maqdis in Quds and Masjid al Kufa. The Imam (AS) said : O Aba Hamza, performing obligatory Salaah in any of these Masjids equals performing full Hajj and performing recommended Salaah in any of these Masjids equals performing Umrah. This Hadith is narrated in the book of Man La Yahdharuhu Al Faqih by Al Sadooq , volume 1 page 163.
Also we have narrations mentioned in the same book of Al Faqih by Sheikh Al Sadooq from Ameerul Mo"meneen Ali (AS) that Salaah in Bait Al Maqdis equal one thousand Salaah. Volume 1, page 167 .
A narration also from Ameerul Mo"meneen Ali (AS) that when Imam Al Mahdi (ATFS) comes back to the public life he will go to Bait Al Maqdis. This narration is in Mo"jam Ahaadith Al Imam Al Mahdi (ATFS) volume 4 page 175.
There is a great movie in English about Sayeda Narjis (sa) called The Princess of Rome.
You can start by exploring this link, and the sub-sections from it, that will lead you to many relevant books and articles.
If you are looking for short Fact Sheets on various topics related to Shi'a belief and practice, then check this out:
If you would like to sample the words of the Imams of the Ahl al-Bayt (a) when they speak of God, or address Him in supplications, then these two resources may be of interest:
Hope this helps!
Masjid Namirah is a well known Masjid in Arafat area. It is mentioned that this Masjid was built on the place were the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) gave his famous sermon in Arafah when he performed Hajj on the year 10 after Hijra which is called Hajjatul Wadaa' (The Welfare Hajj).
Masjid Namirah is important for the followers of Ahlul Bayt (AS) as it is one of the places where the Prophet (SAWA) visited and gave a sermon. The Prophet (SAWA) prayed Dhuhr and Asr prayers together. All Muslims admit and accept this fact. No one can claim the the Prophet prayed Asr before its time. It means hat he tme of As starts immediately after performing Dhuhr Prayer.
Till now, all Muslims pray Dhuhr and Asr together in Arafah. This Prophetic worship itself is another evidence that what Shi'a Muslims practice is completely authentic and it is from the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA).
Real Muslim will not remain in Hellfire for ever. The Hadeeth says (The Paradise is for the believers in Tawheed ) (الجنة للموحدين)
Remaining in Hellfire for ever is only for the Kuffaar (disbelievers who are the enemies of Allah (SWT)).
Kharijites and Mu'tazilah say that Muslim who committed major sins will remain in Hellfire forever like the Kuffaar.
Shaikh al-Mufeed said in Awaa'il al-Maqaalaat P.14: The Imami (Shia) scholars are unanimous that remaining in Hellfire for ever is for the Kuffaar only and not for the major sinners from those who believe in Allah.
Shaikh al-Sadouq said in Sharh Aqaed al-Sadouq P55: The Hellfire is the place of those who did not believe in Allah and some of the believers in Allah who committed major sins but they will not remain in it. No one will remain in Hellfire for ever but the non believers.
The names which you mentioned can be from those who claimed being Muslims but did not really believe, just like the Munafiqeen (hypocrates).
I think that it could be useful for you to read the book "Prayer (Salat), According to the Five Islamic Schools of Law", in particular the section concerning Maghrib since it analyzes the various opinions in details: https://www.al-islam.org/shiite-encyclopedia/prayer-salat-according-five-islamic-schools-law-part-1#time-maghrib-and-%E2%80%98isha%E2%80%99-prayers
as salam alaikum
the time of Maghrib prayer starts at sunset. There is a disagreement among Shia scholars on when sunset starts. There are three major opinions in this regard:
1) Maghrib time start when the redness of the eastern sky disappears which is usually about 10-15 minutes after Sunni Maghrib time.
2) Maghrib time start at the disappearance of the sun in the western sky which is the same as Sunni Maghrib time.
3) Maghrib time starts at the disappearance of the sun in the western sky but as precaution we should wait until the redness in the eastern sky is disappeared.
The ahadith in support of the second opinion are accepted by all Islamic schools and are stronger in term of authenticity and numbers of isnads. However we find also ahadith stating the beginning of Maghrib time at the time of the disappearance of the redness in the eastern sky and that is why many scholars gave preference to that, at least as precautionary measure.
With prayers for your success.