A court is any person or institution with authority to judge or adjudicate, often as a government institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law. In both common law and civil law legal systems, courts are the central means for dispute resolution, and it is generally understood that all people have an ability to bring their claims before a court. Similarly, the rights of those accused of a crime include the right to present a defense before a court.
Muslim woman is allowed to work in all the degrees of the legal procedures except the final judgment which is only for the Mujtahid. Even Muslim men who are not Mujtahid are not allowed to issue a judgement.
The 'iddah period for an Islamic divorce is 3 menstrual cycles, or 3 months if a woman is within the age of menstrual cycle but does not menstruate, or delivery of a child if she is pregnant.
The 'iddah takes effect and commences when the shar'i divorce is conducted. If the court divorce is also an Islamic shar'i court, then it would have that effect as well.
However, if it is a civil/legal divorce, and not a shar'i divorce, she is still Islamically married to her husband and they must initiate procedure of Islamic divorce for her to commence her 'iddah.
And Allah knows best.
This question should be addressed to the Court authority which appoints the judges.
No doubt many women have brilliant abilities even more than some men.
If your question is related to Islamic court, then we say that woman is allowed to work in all the procedure of the Islamic court except the final judgment. Final judgment which is for the (Qadhi) has a condition among many conditions that Qadhi must be man. Islam does not expose the woman to challenge and hardship of final judgment which is usually face opposition of one party.
There are many supplications to avoid harm and get protection from harms like:
1. Repeating Estighfaar ( ASTAGHFIRULLAH RABBI WANATOOBU ELAYH).
2. Repeating Salawaat ( ALLAHUMMA SALLI AL MOHAMMAD WA AALI MOHAMMAD).
3. Repeating ( LA HAWLA WALA QOWWATA ILL BILLAH ).
4. Ziyarat Ashura every day.
5. Night Prayer every night.
and many other recitations.
There are many supplications for victory on wrongdoers, like:
1. Repeating this Quranic Du'a:
RABBI INNEE MAGHLOOBON FANTASSIR . (AL-QAMAR ;10)
2. Repeating Ayatul Kursi 7 times a day.
3. Reciting Sura Al-Nassr ( إذا جاء نصر الله والفتح) in the daily Prayers.
4. Repeating Istighfaar, Salawaat and Laa Hawla Wala Qowwata Illa Billah)
5. Reciting Du'a Al-Jawshan Al-Sagheer.
7. Getting the Du'a of the parents if they are alive, or visiting their grave and seeking from Allah (SWT) while your are visiting your parents.
There is a clear difference between a civil divorce, of any country, and an Islamic divorce.
It is important that, in addition to pursuing a legal divorce, the couple make sure they obtain an Islamic divorce, observant of all its rulings and in accordance to their sect.
If they only get the legal divorce decree from the civil court, and not an Islamic divorce, it will mean that from a shar'i perspective they are still legitimately husband and wife.
And Allah knows best.