The Quran (القرآن, romanized: al-Qurʼān, literally meaning "the recitation"), also romanized Qur'an or Koran, is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (Allah). It is widely regarded as the finest work in classical Arabic literature. The Quran is divided into chapters (Arabic: سورة sūrah, plural سور suwar), which are subdivided into verses (Arabic: آية āyah, plural آيات āyāt).
The verse 33:33 was revealed informing about the Infallible progeny of the Prophet (SAWA). Hadith al-Kisaa' stated that the Prophet (SAWA ) kept the kisa (cloak) on Ali (as), Fatima (as), Hassan (as) and Hussain (as) and said: O Allah, theses are my Ahlul Bayt, so keep filth away from them and purify them real purification.. None of the wives of the Prophet was allowed to join them. This authentic Hadeeth is narrated in Sunni books like:
Saheeh Muslim 4450
Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal 2903 and 16374 and 25300 and 25339 and 25383 and 25521 and more.
Tirmithi 3129 and 3130 and 3719 and 3809.
Nasa'ee in Sunan Al-Kubra v.5 p.107 and v.5 p.112
al-Bayhaqi in Al-Sunan al-Kubba v.2, p.149 and v.2 p. 142
It was also narrated in Shia books by:
· Sheikh al-Tusi in his book al-Amaali
· Tafsir al-'Ayyashi
· Tafsir Furat al-Kufi
· Tafsir al-Qummi by Ali ibn Ibrahim
· The book of Sulaym ibn Qays
· Kitab al-Khisal by Sheikh al-Saduq
No doubt, every suffering and hardship we face has a reason behind it which can be warning us from bad deeds. COVID-19 is no exception. The whole world is suffering from different types of injustice and sinful acts committed by millions of people and governments. Nothing is making them leave injustice and wrong deeds. Bad deeds are increasing through the social and e media. Billions of Dollars are been wasted on weapons while millions of human beings are not finding enough food and medicine. Injustice can never go with out punishment or at least warning before the major punishment. It is a warning to every single and all human beings and a warning to the rulers who do injustice.
May Allah protect us from sinful acts and save us from the punishment.
It is ok to recite that way. After all, there have been many Muslims who can't read at all and still recite from memory.
Still there is a certain blessing that the actual Arabic script of the Qur'an is said to hold and it is narrated that looking at the Qur'an is a type of worship; my understanding is that this involves the actual Arabic letters. So it is good to learn to read the Arabic script if you can. There are a lot of self-study materials available today.
But if you can't, that is also ok too.
We are not allowed to touch Quranic words or even letters with out ablution. When tattoo is on your body with Quranic words, you must remain always with ablution which is impossible because you need to go to the toilet and sleep etc.
There are hundreds books to read; but I would recommend starting off by reading about the life of the Prophet (s) (from Shi'i authors, as Sunni biographies are based upon narratives that are rejected by Shi'i scholars). It is also recommended to get some hadith collections. There are many articles on sites such as Academia.edu that talk about late antique society - what society was like at the time of the emergence of Islam. A book of fiqh will also be important, so that the person gets some ideas of the laws; and books on spirituality. They should also get two or three Qurans that include a tafsir, otherwise it will be hard for them to understand it. There are many introductions to Shi'i Islam by various authors.
The meaning of the verse can be that the Might and Power of Allah (SWT) is above every might and every power.
Tanzeel is the gradual revelation of the Quranic verses according to the different situations.
Inzaal is revealing the whole Quraan in one time.
Inzaal on the heart of The Prophet happened on Laylatul Qadr.
Tanzeel on The Prophet took about 23 years gradually.
Tanzeel which is the gradual revelation of Quraan on the Prophet (SAWA) is the explanation of your question.
Every situation which required revelation the Tanzeel (the gradual revelation) was responding to it which comes accordingly. Prophet was sad because of the evil acts of the enemies of Allah and was a happy when seeing the victory of the religion of Allah and the followers of Islam . It is according to the Tanzeel (the gradual revelation).
This verse in Surah Al Nisa is a Quranic evidence about the permissibilty of temporary marriage which is also known as “Nikah Al-Mut’ah” or” Zawaj Al-Mut’ah” or Mut'ah.
All Muslims Scholars from all Muslim sects admit that this verse is very clear in the Quranic evidence on the permissibility of Mut’ah Marriage. Wahahbi grand Mufti Ibn Baaz admitted that this verse is very clear on Mut'ah and added : all the Ulama took from it clearly that Zawaj Al-Mut'ah is permissible.
Some claimed that Mut’ah was then banned. Yes, it was banned by Umar ibn Al-Khattab, not by the Prophet (SAWA)at all. Umar himself said and repeated that : Mut'ah marriage was allowed during the time of the Messenger of Allah, and I am banning it and will punish on it. ( Saheeh Muslim 4:59 and Sunan al-Bayhaqi 7:206 and Ahlam al-Quran by al-Jassass 1:352, and Tafseer al-Qurtobi 2:392).
Mut’ah Marriage was explained to the Muslims by Prophet himself and He (Peace be Upon Him and His Holy Progeny) taught the Muslims the rules of the Mut’ah Marriage. Mut’ah Marriage requires Mahr and requires a time agreed by both of man and woman.
It is very important to note that this verse has been narrated with the explanation of it that “whatever you do Mut’ah with a woman for an agreed period “Ila Ajalin Musammah”. إلى أجل مسمّى This is the recitation of Ibne Abbas as you can read it in Tareekh Al Tabari. Ibne Abbas was clearly saying that the verse of Mut’ah had within it “Ila Ajalin Musamma” means upto an agreed time. Hakim Al-Nisabouri in his famous Book Al Musatadrak Volume-2 Page-305 has narrated the Hadeeth from Ibne Abbas and said that this is an authentic (Saheeh) Hadeeth according to the conditions of Muslim, but it was not narrated neither in Bukhaari nor in Muslim. According to him it is a Saheeh Hadeeth. Al-Dahabi who is one of the well-known Sunni Scholar has also agreed on the same that this narration from Ibne Abbas is authentic and Saheeh. Musannaf by Abdur Razzaq also narrated the recitation of Ibn Abbas on this verse that it has got “Ila Ajalin Musamma” means upto an agreed time period.Tabarani in his AlMo’jam Al-Kabeer, Volume-10 Page-320 narrated from Ibn Abbas saying Mut’ah Marriage was allowed since the beginning of Islam and they used to recite this verse “4:24” Famastam tatum Behi Minhun Ila Ajalin Musamma” means whatever you have Mut’ah Marriage with a female upto an agreed time. Tabari in his famous book of Tafseer Volume-5 Page-18 narrated this recitation of “upto agreed or postponed period “Ila Ajalin Musamma”. Tabari narrated it from Ibne Abbas and also from Obeyye Bin Ka’b and also from Ibn Masood and also from Al-Suddi and also from Mujahid and also from Saeed Ibn Jubair and also from Ali Ibn Abu Talib (A.S.). Ibn Jarir Al Tabbari said: There is a narration from Ali (A.S.)) that : Had Umar ( Ibn al-Khattab ) did not ban the Mut’ah Marriage, No one will commit fornication but only those who are evil .
So the meaning of the verse 4:24 is very clear as it was explained clearly by the Prophet (SAWA) to Ummah and accordingly, the Muslims started practising Mut’ah Marriage during the time of the Prophet and continued all his life and even during the Government of Abu Bakr and part of the Government of Umar, till Umar thought to ban it. Simply, you find in Sunni books The Qira’ah recitation of Ibn Abbas and others that it is very clear “Ila Ajalin Musamma” means the Mut’ah Marriage is a marriage for an agreed time.
A Kaafir is someone who is ungrateful. This term is used for disbelievers because of all of the things Allah has given them they are ungrateful to Him and deny Him.
When you feel the urge or desire to commit such major sin, go to your kitchen and fire a flame and try to keep your hands near the flame and see how much you can tolerate being near the flame. Think seriously that committing major sin leads to hellfire which is much more painful and burning than your kitchen fire.
Are you ready to follow a desire which leads you to hellfire that you can never tolerate for even a second?
Al Horoof al-Muqatta'a or al-Muqatta'aat are combinations of letters or single letter of the Arabic language in the beginning of 29 surahs in Qur'an. 27 of them are Makki surahs and only 2 are Madani - al-Baqara and Aal Imran.
Each letter is recited separately. Examples are Alif Laam Mim, Haa Mim and Alif Laam Ra.
No doubt there are meanings for every letter in Qur'an but the ulama have discussed these letters and have different opinions.
Some of the ulama say that it is a challenge to the Arabs - the fact that these letters are from their own language. It is a challenge to them to prove that they can never bring something like Qur'an. When they failed, they were challenged to bring ten chapters like its chapters, and when failed, they were challenged to bring just one chapter like its chapters. They failed as well. That is very clear evidence that the Qur'an is not from a human source.
No doubt the meaning of these letters in Qur'an and the meaning of the whole Qur'an is fully with the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) and with his Holy Projeny Ahlul Bayt (AS).
We have many narrations in this regard in the book of al-Shaykh al-Saduq known by Ma'ani al-Akhbar - the meanings of the narrations.
Many narrations about the meanings of some of the Al Horoof al-Muqatta'at like Alif Laam Ra is that it is the greatest name of Allah (SWT), Ta Haa is one of the names of the Prophet (SAWA).
In surah Maryam the first verse - Kaf Ha Ya 'Ain Sad - according a narration it refers to Karbala, the victimisation of Ahlul Bayt (as), the criminal Yazid, the thirst of Imam Hussain (as) and the patience of Imam Hussain (as).
These narrations are many but we can come to the conclusion that the detailed meanings of these letters are with the Prophet (pbuh) and Ahlul Bayt (as).
The ulama have also seen a link between these letters and the surah itself so if any surah starts with Alif Laam Mim, there is a link between these letters and the contents of the surah.
Many books were written on the subject of Al Horoof al-Muqatta'at:
· Al Horoof al-Muqatta'at fil-Qur'an by Abd al-Jabbar Sharara
· Awa'il al-Suwar fil-Qur'an al-Karim by Ali Nasuh Tahir
· Al Horoof al-Muqatta'at fee awail al-Suwar al-Qur'aniya by Muhammad Ahmed Abu Firakh
· Asrar al-Huruf, wa yalih al Horoof al-Muqatta'ah fil-Qur'an al-Karim by Kazim Muhammad Ali Shukr
· Al Horoof al-Muqatta'at fee awail al-Suwar by Adil bin Ali bin Ahmed al-Shiddi
· Al-Nadhr ila al-Ma'ani Al Horoof al-Muqatta'at by Hamid bin Abullah bin Ali
· al-Muqatta'at fee Fawatih al-Suwar by Asmaa Tariq Ismail Rayyan
Briefly we say that the real meanings of these letters are best known by the Prophet (pbuh) and his Holy Projeny (as).
Quran is very clear in referring the believers to the Prophet (SAWA) for the details of everything. (And We have sent down the Quran on you,so that you explain to the people what has been sent down for them) (Sura 16, verse 44.)
Allah (SWT) ordered us in Quran to establish the obligatory prayers, with out mentioning the number of every prayer because He Has ordered us to take whatever the Messenger tell us to do and leave whatever the Messenger prohibit us from.( Sura 59, verse7). The knowledge we get from the Prophet (SAWA) is in fact by order of Allah (SWT) in Quran.
This means that Quran has the knowledge of everything either directly in the Quranic text or indirectly through the Messenger. Obviously, the Messenger is succeeded by his divine successors who are the twelve Imams from Ahlul Bayt (AS). They continued teaching people the details of Islam.