You can be a Shia Muslim by just believing in the main faith of Islam (There no God but Allah, and Muhammad is His Messenger and Ali is the successor after the Prophet). This faith is enough for you to become a Shia Muslim.
Obligatory acts are not condition to be a Shia Muslim although you need to do whatever you know and can afford.
When you perform Hajj, you need to get yourself circumcised before performing Tawaf around the Ka'bah.
Neither washing nose is obligatory in Wudhu nor washing mouth. Both of them are just recommended and not obligatory. Washing head or feet in Wudhu is wrong because you should wipe over them and not wash them.
If you are sure that your Wudhu was invalid, you need to perform it properly and re do the prayers which were done with wrong Wudhu.
This verse is very clear the believers in the whole message of Islam should not associate nor be allies with those who don't believe in Islam despite the common things between us and them, but we are not allowed to be allies with them because of the ideological differences between us and them. We are not allowed to follow their aims which are usually based on their faith which is different from our faith in Islam.
Any Muslim who follows them will be like them.
"Yara" is also used to refer to understanding or thinking something ("seeing" in the mind).
It may also be used here because this is a mental observation or understanding that can be deduced from what is seen. Firstly, one can see the existing universe and deduce that this could have happened. Second, one can engage in scientific observation of the universe and deduce that (to our knowledge currently) it is expanding and was once essentially "closed", or that living things on earth are water-based, or that life may indeed have emerged from water.
That is, we "see" the original state of the universe and earth mentally through "seeing" the current state of the universe through observation. So in that regard, both types of "see" could be meant (the physical seeing now, and the mental seeing to use scientific deduction).
Bani Hashim (the family of the Prophet) are entitled to Sahm Sadat if they are poor. The grand children of Ameerul Mo'mineen Ali (AS) are called Alawi Sadat while grandchildren of Aqeel ibn aabi Talib are called Aqeeli Sadat and grandchildren of Jafar ibn Abi Talib are called Jafari Sadat.
This phrase kadhalik Allahu Rabbi کَذَلِکَ اللّٰهُ ربّي) means Indeed this is how my Lord is. Such an expression is said after the reciting of Surah al-Ikhlas, because of how profoundly lofty the words and meanings of this small but very important surah is.
So, when you recite this surah, you affirm, acknowledge and confess to what you just said by saying kadhalik Allahu Rabbi.
According to our narrations from Ahlul Bayt (a.s.), saying this phrase after Surah al-Tawhid is mustahab, and it can be said once, twice, or three times. The phrase كذلك الله ربنا has also been mentioned as well.
And Allah knows best.
Yes, it will be answered with out any doubt whether you recite in Arabic text or read the translation. Allah (SWT) knows our intentions and needs and He listens to every sincere believer who supplicates and seeks from him.
Quran is from Allah (SWT) and Du'a is from the Prophet (SAWA) and Ahlul Bayt (AS) and it is in Arabic for every Muslim to recite and supplicate whether he knows the exact meanings or not. There is no doubt that it is accepted by Allah (SWT).
Illiyyeen عِلّيين or Illiyyoo عِلّيّون is from the highest places in the Paradise.
Allah (SWT) says in Quran : (Nay, verily, the record of of deeds of the most pious (Al-Abrar) is in Illiyyeen, and how do you know what is Illiyyoon) (Sura Al-Mutaffiffeen, verses 18 and 19).
Abu Hamza al-Thimaali narrated that he heard Imam Al-Baqir (AS) saying: Allah has created us (Ahlul Bayt) from Illiyyeen and created the hearts of our Shia from it, then created their bodies from lower than that.) (Basaa'ir al-Darajaat, page 5).
Please read the following answer to this question:
May Allah grant you success
Allah (SWT) is pleased with noble deeds done by His sincere servants, and is unhappy with sinful acts and wrong doers.
We should never think that Allah (SWT) has feelings like our feelings. Our feelings are based on benefit or loss and our thinking while Allah (SWT) is above any benefit or loss. The pleasure of Allah means His blessings on the sincere good doers. His anger is the result of bad deeds. Allah is The Absolute Needless and there is no question of any benefit nor loss or materialistic feelings.
The meaning of the verse can be that the Might and Power of Allah (SWT) is above every might and every power.
A Kaafir is someone who is ungrateful. This term is used for disbelievers because of all of the things Allah has given them they are ungrateful to Him and deny Him.