A woman is a female human being. The word woman is usually reserved for an adult, with girl being the usual term for a female child or adolescent.
Thank you for your question. This answer is from the website of Ayatullah Sistani (hA):
Question: Does a woman enter the state of Janabah, if she reaches orgasm without penetration?
Answer: As for the fluid that is discharged from the vagina when a woman engages in foreplay or imagines lustful thoughts and which is not enough to dirty other places [such as her clothing], it is pure and does not require Ghusl to be performed and nor does it invalidate Wuḍū. However, if the discharged fluid is a lot – to the extent that it can be called an ‘ejaculation’ and it dirties clothing – then in case it is discharged when the woman reaches sexual climax and complete sexual satisfaction (orgasm), it is impure and causes Janābah. In fact, even if it is not discharged at that moment, based on obligatory precaution it is impure and causes janābah. And whenever a woman doubts whether or not a discharge of fluid was to this extent, or she doubts whether or not fluid was discharged at all, performing Ghusl is not obligatory on her and nor does it invalidate Wuḍūʾ and Ghusl.
May you always be successful
Here is a link to an extensive document on the details of the fiqh of hijab:
This question should be addressed to the Court authority which appoints the judges.
No doubt many women have brilliant abilities even more than some men.
If your question is related to Islamic court, then we say that woman is allowed to work in all the procedure of the Islamic court except the final judgment. Final judgment which is for the (Qadhi) has a condition among many conditions that Qadhi must be man. Islam does not expose the woman to challenge and hardship of final judgment which is usually face opposition of one party.
Yes if the breast feeding continues for whole day and whole night or it was 14 times continuously.
The woman then becomes breast feeding mother.أم رضاعية
He needs to repent and decide not to commit such crime again and seek forgiveness from Allah (SWT) but he does not need to divorce his wife.
Committing such major sin is strongly forbidden and condemned and the knowledge or no knowledge of his wife does not change the rule.
In performing the ritual bathing (Ghusl), water must reach the skin only and not necessary to reach all the hair. Braided hair does not need to washed if the skin of its root is covered by water or wet.
Muslim woman can request a female examiner to avoid showing her ears to non Mahram men.
Polygamy is allowed not only in Islam but in other religions including Christianity and you can find it in Old Testament. Jews and Christians claim following Ebrahim (Abraham) and every one knows that Ebrahim had more that one wife and his sons Ismail and Isaac are from different mothers.
Polygamy is required by human societies in many situations especially when the number of marriageable females is more than the number of marriageable males due to many reasons. This situation will make many marriageable females in need for a man to marry them even if he is already married with another female. With out legitimate polygamy, thousands of unmarried females will suffer a lot.
Polygamy is a blessing from Allah (SWT) on the human beings especially on the unmarried , divorced or widowed females.
Islam does not grant open permission for men to have more than one wife but puts a condition of practical justice on the man who wants to have more than one wife. If the man is unable to maintain the practical justice between his wives, then he is not allowed to marry more than one wife (If you fear that you shall not practice justice, then just one wife) (Sura 4, Verse 3).
Women as well as men in Paradise will be purified from evil desires. Women in Paradise will not desire more than her heavenly husband who will be the best man she wishes. Allah (SWT) will make the believing woman have the best husband she ever thought about. He can be her real husband but after complete reforming which will make him having every good which she wishes. If her husband is not in Paradise, Allah (SWT) will make her marry with a man of her best wishes.
The nature of the pious woman is to be with one man in intimacy and not with more .
This may be an overly pedantic or literal response, but, in my view, the main reason why you "have" to do something in Islam is that it is prescribed in scripture (Quran/hadith) (and/or other methods of deriving jurisprudence).
Since the Quran and hadith seem to indicate that women should wear hijab, women should wear hijab. Any other explanation - unless directly stated in these sources - is either (a) a guess, and (b) oftentimes just personal opinion or what is popular to say at the time.
Anyway - based on what is in the Quran/hadith - most people would say that the hijab serves the purpose of (a) modesty and maintaining a culture of modesty in society (also, to be blunt, discouraging relationships and hence birth out of wedlock), and (b) social signalling - for instance, identifying a woman as a Muslim, or signifying that one is a practicing Muslim.
Clothing in general, historically and today, has served to communicate a complex set of messages about identity (such as culture, tribe, nationality, religion, occupation, social class, etc), and varying forms of hijab do that as well.
Also, in most Muslim cultures, it is seen as more dignified or more traditional for men to cover up a fair amount.
Today some people also point to other possible messages or purposes of the hijab, such as discouraging excessive consumerism regarding beauty and beauty products, emphasizing a woman's right over her own body (versus feeling compelled to show it off), as a political or ideological statement, or as a form of self-motivation to act in a better way (in that wearing hijab often makes one more conscious of one's actions). Some people also say it might promote a stronger marriage or stronger family values. Some people might also say there is a convenience factor or it is better for one's well-being (to avoid sun damage).
Some people argue that hijab isn't necessary for modesty and point out that many cultures have modest dress which doesn't cover the hair. While I agree, now that we have seen the direction of Western culture and, to some extent, the global society, I have personally come to feel there is a virtue in having a minimum dress code in society today because, without it, there is pressure to show off a lot.
Anyway because it is a very prominent subject in the modern era, you will find a lot of things written about hijab and you can read elsewhere to get a variety of views.
Thank you for your question. Below is the answer from the office of Sayyid Khamanae:
If it does not entail vile consequences, it is not objected.
May you always be successful
It is Not permissible at all. There is no marriage allowed between Muslim female and non Muslim male under any situation. If the man becomes a Muslim, then he will be allowed to marry a Muslim female like any other Muslim.