A home, or domicile, is a living space used as a permanent or semi-permanent residence for an individual, family, household or several families in a tribe. It is often a house, apartment, or other building, or alternatively a mobile home, houseboat, yurt or any other portable shelter.
It is recommended to always face Qibla while sitting, eating, resting, reading, etc except when you are in the toilet then it becomes Haraam to face Qibla.
If you have the option, it is good to make the entrance door facing Qibla as well.
Muslim woman is not only allowed but also been encouraged to serve the community in every possible field , obviously with observing full Hijab. Pious ladies like Lady Fatimah, Lady Zainab , Lady Khadija hare best examples.
1. Controlling our bad behaviour needs reasonable will power based on the facts of the harm and damage of such behaviour, and the benefits of good behaviour.
2. We need to see how harsh behaviour makes the person unliked even by his own family members, while good behaviour makes the person liked by almost all people who know him.
3. It is good to recite Quranic Du'a for making our chest pleasant and not narrow. ( RABBI ESHRAH LI SADRI WA YASSIR LI AMRI) رب اشرح لي صدري ويسر لي أمري
4. It is mentioned in books of Akhlaq that when a person becomes angry, he should look at a mirror to see himself while being angry. He will see how ugly he looks when he is angry and this can cool him down and make him avoid being angry.
5. It is also mentioned in many Hadeeths to deal with people in the same way which you want them to deal with you. Bad behaviour from you with others can never be accepted by you if it comes from others to you.
6. Repeating Estighfaar and Salawaat and LA HAWLA WALA QOWWATA ILLA BILLAH is very useful to make our Akhlaq better if we recite it with understanding specially during the night and more specifically during Sojood.
7. It is also good to remember the Hadeeth: Deal with people in a way that if you are away from them, they will long to meet you, or if you die, they will weep on you.
8. The Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) said: Best of you are the best to their family, and I am the best to my family.
Yes you can continue to pay Khums each year despite having a mortgage and adjust the monthly mortgage amount as expenses.
Yes, but it is better if it can stay outside (such as in a dog house, if that is possible on your property; these days, they do have outdoor heaters for animals if that is a possibility).
I am sure you are familiar with the hadith saying that having a dog inside affects acceptance of prayers; Allah knows best. Of course, we are also supposed to be compassionate, and it is not compassionate to let it freeze to death!
Yes you can interact with it and train it.
Yes, be sure to observe taharah for salat and any other necessary things such as dishes.
People have had dogs as work animals for centuries, and even the Ashab al-Kahf had a dog around them. As someone once said, it is not the dog's fault that it is najis!
It is always mustahab to perform wajib prayers in congregation. There are many traditions that emphasise on Jama'ah prayers, and how multiplied the reward will be when conducted in congregation.
With the absence of a qualified religious scholar, there will still be a virtue of Jama'ah prayer. In brief, the person who leads should be known for his piety, and also have knowledge of the rulings of prayer.
And Allah knows best.
A revered scholar had once recommended that Ayatul Kursi be written with safron on 4 pieces of paper, and placed in the earth of four corners of the foundation of the house.
Aim at having the house a hub for dhikr of Allah ta'ala, and to dedicate programs in remembrance of Ahlul Bayt (a.s.). A blessed house in the eyes of Allah ta'ala is a house devoted to serve others, and brings kin together.
Once the house is done, it is recommended to invite people and feed them. Giving Sadaqah is also highly recommended.