Mut'a (Temporary marriage)
Nikah mut'ah is a private and verbal temporary marriage contract that is practiced in Twelver Shia Islam in which the duration of the marriage and the mahr must be specified and agreed upon in advance. It is a private contract made in a verbal or written format.
Thank you for your question. In itself there is no limit to the amount of temporary marriages a man can contract.
May you always be successful
Mut'ah is a type of marriage in Islam which has conditions like the agreement of both man and woman, and agreeing on a fixed amount of Mahr (Dowry) and both should be Muslims ( if the woman is from People of Book, man needs permission of his Muslim wife. If the female is a virgin, she needs the permission of her father or paternal grand father.
Both man and woman must be mature enough and with their full senses, and willing and able to abide to all the rules of the marriage.
'Marriage aims to protect people from falling in sinful sexual acts, so, when a Baligh person fears falling in sinful acts and feels that Mut'ah marriage or permanent marriage can help saving him from sinful acts, he can go for such marriage after fulfilling all its conditions.
Thank you for your question. Below is the response from the office of Ayatullah Makarim Shirazi (hA)
May you always be successful:
Wa Alaykum Assalaam
If the Talaq formula is recited with all its conditions, Talaq is valid and she can get married after Iddah period.
Issue No.2135- A man who divorces his wife must be sane, and as an obligatory precaution, he must also be mature, and he should divorce her out of his will. Hence, if someone compels him to divorce his wife, the divorce will be void. It is also necessary that he seriously intends to divorce. If, therefore, he pronounces the formula of divorce sarcastically, the divorce will not be valid.
Issue No.2136- Based on obligatory precaution, the formula for divorce should be pronounced in correct Arabic, and it is obligatory that two just men hear it. If the husband himself wishes to pronounce the formula for divorce, and his wife’s name is for example, Fatima, he should say:
زَوْجَتِي فاطِمَةُ طالِقٌ
“Zawjatī Fatima Ṭāliq”
(My wife Fatima is divorced)
And if he appoints another person as his representative to pronounce the formula of divorce, the representative should say:
زَوْجَةُ مُوَکِّلِي فاطِمَةُ طالِقٌ
“Zawjatu Muwakkilī Fatima Ṭāliq”
(Fatima, the wife of my client is divorced).
Issue No.2137- It is necessary that at the time of divorce, the woman is pure from ḥayḍ (menstrual blood) and nifās (lochia or birth bleeding), and that the husband should not have had sexual intercourse with her during that period of purity, and if he had sexual intercourse with his wife while she was in ḥayḍ or nifās preceded by purity, the divorce is not sufficient as an obligatory precaution, rather she should enter ḥayḍ once again and become pure, and then she can be divorced. (The details of these two conditions will be given in the succeeding issues).
Married man needs permission of his Muslim wife in case he wants to have temporary marriage (Mut'ah) with a woman from People of Book (Christian and Jewish).
If the father or grandfather are still alive, they are still her shar'i guardian, whether they play a role in her life or not. Unless of course she reaches out to them, and for an unjustifiable reason refuse to give their consent, in such a circumstance the case would be different.
However, assuming that they are still alive, she must obtain their consent.
If they have passed, for marriage to be legitimate, she does not need to seek consent, however from a social/moral perspective, she should aim at having family involved, and not pursue an ongoing relationship through a permanent marriage, and not temporary.
And Allah knows best.
In the case that her father grandfather and If we were to answer jurisprudentially, if her father and grandfather
If you are asking if it is jurisprudentially allowed, then the simple answer is yes, if she was to perform temporary marriage with a Shi'a male it would be valid.
However, is it socially advisable for her to do so. I would encourage her to think for the future and focus on long term relationship, settling down and marrying someone. This would be better for her on many levels.
Her getting involved in mut'ah, and not knowing how long it will last, and whether the man will respect her reputation, etc, will be more socially damaging for her.
As for the taboo of remarriage, this is something we must all fight against, and reclaim what our religion favours for us as a society.
With prayers for your success.
There is no formula for renewing a Mut'ah contract, but only to have a new Mut'ah contract after the end or termination of the existing Mut'ah marriage. When the agreed time of the Mut'ah expires or when the husband terminates the Mut'ah contract, then they will be allowed to go for a new Mut'ah contract with a fresh Mahr and time. There is no renewal formula but only going for new contract.
The aim of Mut'ah marriage is to save both man and woman who are not able to get married from falling in sexual sinful thoughts and acts. There is a Hadeeth from Imam Jafar Al-Sadiq (AS): In fact, Mut'ah marriage was ordained for the benefit and protection of the women who have no husbands. Married men should not indulge in Mut'ah marriage in a way which makes their wives angry and blame Shariat which allowed Mut'ah. (Al-Kaafi, V. 5, P. 453 narrated from Abul Hasan (AS)).
You should check this with your marja because some scholars would state that if the intercourse was illegitimate such as the girl committing zina, then she would still count as a virgin and father's permission would be needed. If she however lost her virginity in a legitimate type of way then permission isn't needed.
May Allah grant you success
Mut'ah marriage is a type of marriage in Islam which is permissible with Muslim woman or a woman from the People of Book under some conditions. No Mut'ah marriage can be allowed with non Muslim woman who is not from People of Book. If you discover that she is non Muslim, and not from People of Book, it means that there is no Mut'ah marriage at all and it will be Haraam to remain with her.
Mut'ah marriage is a type of marriage. Permanent marriage is used by some people to gain money and it remains valid marriage. Mut'ah marriage is no difference, can be for gaining financial benefits. The main thing is to follow all the conditions of it which will ensure that it is a marriage protecting both man and woman from falling in sinful sexual acts.
Practically speaking, marriage can not be a continuous business even if it had financial factors in its initiatives.
As soon as the Iddah period (around three months or three menstrual periods) is over, she is allowed to marry another man, whether permanent or temporary marriage.