A mahram is an unmarriageable kin with whom marriage or sexual intercourse would be considered haram, illegal in Islam, or people from whom hijab is not obligatory.


Amina Inloes, Amina Inloes is originally from the US and has a PhD in Islamic Studies from the University of Exeter on Shi'a hadith. She is the program leader for the MA Islamic Studies program at the... Answered 3 months ago

A cousin is not mahram unless you are married to them or is a secondary reason why you are mahram (such as being milk siblings). However you do not need a mahram to go to hajj.  This is just a legal requirement for the visa from Saudi and is not required in Shi'i fiqh.

I hope you are able to perform the hajj successfully, God willing!


Abbas Di Palma, Shaykh Abbas Di Palma holds a BA and an MA degree in Islamic Studies, and certifications from the Language Institute of Damascus University. He has also studied traditional Islamic sciences in... Answered 6 months ago

as salam alaikum

The rules of mahramiyyah apply to all mahrams: those mentioned in the ayah and those who are not mentioned.

With prayers for your success.


Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 7 months ago


Thank you for your question. There is no problem with this unless you fear falling into sin.

May you always be successful 


Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 10 months ago

Yes it is allowed to expose her feet only , not any part of her leg, if the men who can see her are her own Mahram like father, son, real brother etc. Muslim female must cover her feet even during performing Prayers if any non Mahram man can see her while she is praying.

It does need mentioning that covering the feet is part of compulsory Hijab in front of non Mahram man.



Abolfazl Sabouri, Abolfazl Sabouri is based in New Zealand and has an MA in Jurisprudence and Islamic Studies. He is a graduate of Elmiyeh seminary in Qom with more than 15 years of study and research where he has... Answered 11 months ago

According to Islam all humans are the servants of Allah and slavery is wrong. However the time of Prophet a lot of people were slave and slavery was acceptable in the world. Islam started to teach people that it is wrong and to free the slaves step by step . First Islam gave them rights and made rules to support them.... 

Anyway according to Islam the female slaves were like the wife of the owner and the male slaves were mahram.