Imam al-Mahdi

Muhammad ibn Hasan al-Mahdī (محمد بن الحسن المهدي‎), also known as Imam Zaman (Persian: امام زمان‎), is believed by Twelver Shī‘a Muslims to be the Mahdī, an eschatological redeemer of Islam and ultimate savior of humankind and the final Imām of the Twelve Imams who will emerge with Isa (Jesus Christ) in order to fulfill their mission of bringing peace and justice to the world. Twelver Shī‘a believe that al-Mahdī was born in 869 (15 Sha‘bān 255 AH) and assumed Imamate at 5 years of age following the killing of his father Hasan al-Askari.

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Imam Al Mahdi (ATFS) will come to establish peace and justice all over
the world. He will not fight with people and will never endanger the
life of anyone except those who fight against him. Our responsibility
is to prepare ourselves to be strong practicing believers. Our real 
strength depends on th degree of our Imaan (Faith).

The secret of the strength of Imam Ali (AS) is his greatest degree of
humbleness to Allah (SWT) which is next only to the greatness of the
Holy Prophet (SAWA). And when we are unable to know the greatness of
the Holy Prophet (SAWA) and Imam Ali (AS) because of our limited
abilities of understanding, there is no question for us to understand
the secret of his extra-ordinary strength and power but only to say
that it is linked with his great humbleness and faith in Allah SWT).

Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 2 weeks ago

Meeting Imam Al-Mahdi (AS) is a gift from Allah (SWT) to His sincere servants. How to become from Allah's sincere servants? that is the main question.

Theses are some suggested practical steps:

1. Remembering Allah (SWT) always makes the real believer remember the
Imam of the time because of the fact that Imam of the time is the
Deputy of the Prophet (SAWA) who is the Deputy of Allah (SAWA). More
and more sincere remembrance of Allah makes the believer more near to
the Imam of the time, Al-Mahdi (AS).

2. Remembering the Imam means feeling his presence with us in this
world and how he feels happy when we do good and unhappy if we do bad,
God forbid. When we really feel that he is with us in this world and
he is informed and he responds to our deeds, we will always try to
obey Allah which means obey the Imam (AS), and avoid any act which can
displease him. When people are asleep, those believers who know that
Imam Al-Mahdi (AS) will be happy when they pray the Night Prayer, will
get up and perform the Night Prayer which is just one example of
feeling the presence of the Imam (AS) and making him happy by
worshipping Allah (SWT).

3. Continuous praying for the Imam in every Prayer and supplication
because no one among human beings on this world is more dear to us
that him, and praying for his re appearance means praying for the
solution of all the problems.

4. Paying Sadaqa and giving in charity on behalf of Imam Al-Mahdi (AS)
makes us more near to him, especially when we do it secretly just for
the sake of Allah (SWT) and not for any worldly aim.

5. Reciting Du'a Al-'Ahd and Ziyarat Aal Yaseen. Some very pious
persins who met the Imam (AS) narrated that he encouraged them to
perform Night Prayer every night and recite Ziyarat Aashura and
Ziyarat Al-Jami'ah every day.

6. Serving the religion of the Imam (AS) which is the Real Islam of
the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) and spreading it among people and
defending it from the doubts of the enemies makes you a servant of
Imam Al-Mahdi (AS).

7. Serving people including the followers of Imam (AS) especially
those who are in need, makes the Imam (AS) happy with you. Helping the
believers and making them happy, makes Allah (SWT), the Prophet (SAWA)
and all Ahlul Bayt (AS) happy with you.

These are just few examples of the ways to gain more nearness from the
Imam of the Time (AS).

Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 2 weeks ago

We need to obey the orders of Imam Al-Mahdi (AS) which will be very clear and will reach to all the people all over the world. Imam (AS) will order the believers what they should do and where.

Wassalam.

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Amina Inloes, Amina Inloes is originally from the US and has a PhD in Islamic Studies from the University of Exeter on Shi'a hadith. She is the program leader for the MA Islamic Studies program at the... Answered 3 weeks ago

Many signs have been related signifying the reappearance of Imam Mahdi (A). Some of these signs are considered more fixed than others, and some of these narrations are considered more correct than others. In any case, the underlying theme is that the natural and political order of the world will be turned upside down, there will be chaos beforehand, and when he arises, it will be clear with no doubt. (Therefore, people who go on TV or online today and say they are the Mahdi are not really the Mahdi since they are not accompanied by signs.)

Some of the signs are:
* The rise of the Sufyani
* A solar eclipse the middle of the month of Ramadan and a lunar eclipse at the end of Ramadan
* Some of the land being swallowed up
* The sun rising from the west
* Black flags marching from Khurasan
* The killing of the "pure soul" and the killing of a Hashemite near the Ka'bah
* A star as bright as the moon
* A fire in the sky
* The Euphrates flooding into Kufa
* False prophets
* The revolt of the Yamani
* The people of Egypt will kill their ruler and destroy Syria, and three standards will fight over it.
* Locuts at the usual and not usual times destroying the food
* Two groups of foreigners will dispute and much blood will be shed
* A cry from the sky that all will hear
​​​​​​​* A face in the sun. 

There are a number of books on Imam Mahdi (A) including on this website and you can read more signs there. 

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 1 month ago

1. Remembering Allah (SWT) always makes the real believer remember the Imam of the time because of the fact that Imam of the time is the Deputy of the Prophet (SAWA) who is the Deputy of Allah (SAWA). More and more sincere remembrance of Allah makes the believer more near to the Imam of the time, Al-Mahdi (AS).

2. Remembering the Imam means feeling his presence with us in this world and how he feels happy when we do good and unhappy if we do bad, God forbid. When we really feel that he is with us in this world and he is informed and he responds to our deeds, we will always try to obey Allah which means obey the Imam (AS), and avoid any act which can displease him. When people are asleep, those believers who know that Imam Al-Mahdi (AS) will be happy when they pray the Night Prayer, will get up and perform the Night Prayer which is just one example of feeling the presence of the Imam (AS) and making him happy by worshipping Allah (SWT).

3. Continuous praying for the Imam in every Prayer and supplication because no one among human beings on this world is more dear to us that him, and praying for his re appearance means praying for the solution of all the problems.

4. Paying Sadaqa and giving in charity on behalf of Imam Al-Mahdi (AS) makes us more near to him, especially when we do it secretly just for the sake of Allah (SWT) and not for any worldly aim.

5. Reciting Du'a Al-'Ahd and Ziyarat Aal Yaseen. Some very pious persins who met the Imam (AS) narrated that he encouraged them to perform Night Prayer every night and recite Ziyarat Aashura and Ziyarat Al-Jami'ah every day.

6. Serving the religion of the Imam (AS) which is the Real Islam of the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) and spreading it among people and defending it from the doubts of the enemies makes you a servant of Imam Al-Mahdi (AS).

7. Serving people including the followers of Imam (AS) especially those who are in need, makes the Imam (AS) happy with you. Helping the believers and making them happy, makes Allah (SWT), the Prophet (SAWA) and all Ahlul Bayt (AS) happy with you.

These are just few examples of the ways to gain more nearness from the Imam of the Time (AS).

Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answer updated 1 month ago

Bukhari has narrated in his book known as Saheeh al-Bukhari, Hadeeth number 6682, from Jaabir Ibn Samurah: I heard the Prophet (S) saying: There will be twelve leaders, all of them from Quraysh.

صحيح البخاري - الأحكام - الإستخلاف - رقم الحديث : ( 6682 )

‏- حدثني : ‏ ‏محمد بن المثنى ‏ ، حدثنا : ‏ ‏غندر ‏ ، حدثنا : ‏ ‏شعبة ‏ ‏، عن ‏ ‏عبد الملك ‏ ‏سمعت ‏ ‏جابر بن سمرة ‏ ‏قال : ‏سمعت النبي ‏ (ص) ‏ ‏يقول ‏ ‏: يكون إثنا عشر أميراً ‏، فقال : كلمة لم أسمعها ‏، ‏فقال أبي ‏: ‏إنه قال : ‏‏ كلهم من ‏قريش. ‏

Bukhari has also narrated similar Hadeeth is his other. Book known as al-Taareekh al-Kabeer.

The Hadeeth of 12 Imams after the Prophet (S) has been narrated in main Sunni  books of Hadeeth e.g. Saheeh Muslim (6 Hadeeths), Musnad Ibn Hanbal (26 Hadeths), Al-Tirmithi (One Hadeeth), Musnad Abi Dawood (2 Hadeeths), Al-Haakim AlNisaboori (3 Hadeethes), Al-Albani (4 Hadeethes), Al-Bayhaqi (5 Hadeethes), Al-Tabaraani (41 Hadeethes, Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalaani (3Hadeethes, Al-Dhahabi (2 Hadeethes) and many others.

About Imam al-Mahdi (A) Bukhari's has narrated in Hadeeth number 3193 stating  that the Prophet Easa will come down from the sky and your Imam is from you  

صحيح البخاري - نزول عيسى إبن مريم (ع) - أحاديث الأنبياء - رقم الحديث : ( 3193 )

‏- حدثنا : ‏ ‏إبن بكير ‏ ، حدثنا : ‏ ‏الليث ‏ ‏، عن ‏ ‏يونس ‏ ‏، عن ‏ ‏إبن شهاب ‏ ‏، عن ‏ ‏نافع ‏ ‏مولى ‏ ‏أبي قتادة الأنصاري ‏ ‏أن ‏ ‏أبا هريرة ‏ ‏قال : ‏قال رسول الله ‏‏(ص) ‏: ‏كيف أنتم إذا نزل ‏ ‏إبن مريم ‏ ‏فيكم وإمامكم منكم

. Thousands of Hadeeths on this subject of Imam Al-Mahdi are narrated in different Sunni books of Hadeeth. Many Sunni scholars have compiled books on this subject e.g. Al-Soyooti Jalaluddin (Al-Orf Al-Wardi Fi Akhbar Al-Mahdi)

Ibn Hajar AlMakki (Al-Mokhtasar Fi A'alamaat  Al-Mahdi Al-Muntadhar , Al-Muttaqi Al-Hindi, Al-Shawkaani, and many others.

Wassalam.

.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answer updated 2 months ago

The nearness to Imam Zaman (AS) can be achieved by :

1. Living with him all the time, in your heart,so you love him more than you love yourself and your family.

2. Remembering him in practice, that you do not say or act before being sure that he will be happy with your act.

3. Remembering him and saluting him and reciting his Ziyarat, and

continuous prayers for him in our Namaz and after Namaz and in all the situations.

4. Doing good deeds on his behalf like doing good to your parents, relatives and people especially the poor and needy, then gifting the reward to Imam Zaman ( AS),

5. Preparing yourself to be a humble servant of Imam Zaman (AS). This can be practiced now in serving any Momin or any good cause which is in the frame of the teachings of Imam Zaman (AS).

6. Reciting Du'a Al-A'hd every day in which we re confirm out allegiance to Imam Zaman (AS).

7. Reciting Ziyarat Aal Yaseen which has great benefits for us and it makes us more near to him.سلام على آل ياسين

السلام عليك يا داعي الله ورباني اياته  

Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answer updated 2 months ago

There is no doubt that Imam Al-Mahdi (AS) guides many sincere scholars and believers when ever and where ever it is required. Many of our great Marji's are been guided by the Imam Al-Mahdi (AS) when ever Allah (SWT) wants the Marji’ to be guided by the Imam Al-Mahdi (AS).
No Marji’ tells people that Imam Al-Mahdi (AS) told him or gave him a message to people because this is forbidden during the major occultation, but after the passing away of someMarji’s it can be inspired through authentic sources who lived with him, that he met the Imam Al-Mahdi (AS) and was guided by him in certain matter or situation.
This guidance is not only for some Marji’s but also for many sincere believers all over the world. Those sincere believers who get this great honour will never make it public.
Wassalam.

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1. Imam Al-Mahdi ( AS) during his major occultation meets , teaches, and helps people , but people do not recognize him during the meeting but very few of the very pious believers who have a high degree in faith and know him.

2. Pious believers never claim nor disclose meeting Imam Al-Mahdi (AS). Pious believers know that Imam Al-Mahdi (AS) must be away from the enemies, so they do not disclose any information about him.

3. Those who claim in public that they met Imam Al-Mahdi (AS) or brought a message from him, can never be trusted.

4. Hundreds of very pious Ulama and believers have met Imam Al-Mahdi (AS) in hundreds of occasions. Many books were compiled in this subject by great scholars like Al-Muhaddith al-Noori in his book Dar Assalam and others.

5. We pray in Du'a al-'Ahd دعاء العهد to be granted seeing the face of our Imam Al-Mahdi (AS): اللهم أرني الطلعة الرشيدة والغُرّة الحميدة واكحل ناظري بنظرة مني إليه.

This means that seeing him during the major occultation is possible for certain very pious persons.

Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 3 months ago

 The deputies of the 12th Imam ( AS) during this time being in the major occultation are the most learned pious scholars who are recognized as Maraaji' of Taqleed. This is the guidelines which came from the 12th Imam (AS) to all Muslims after the forth special deputy Ali Ibn Muhammad Al-Samari.

Wasa'il al-Shia, 27:131.

The Marja' of Taqleed is a general deputy of the Imam (AS) and not special deputy names by the Imam (AS) like the four deputies who were during the minor occultation. (1. Uthman Ibn Sa'eed 2. Muhammad Ibn Uthman 3. Husain Ibn Rooh 4. Ali Ibn Muhammad Al-Samari).

Wassalam.

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Zeinab Donati, Zeinab Donati has been studying books about various Islamic subjects for more than 19 years. She is deeply interested in history and politics as well as social issues in particular those pertaining... Answer updated 3 months ago

Assalamu aleykum,

Thanks for your question.

There are many interesting and well-written books about Imam Mahdi (aj).

I recommend the following ones:

Al-Imam al-Mahdi, The Just Leader of Humanity

https://www.al-islam.org/al-imam-al-mahdi-just-leader-humanity-ayatullah...

An Inquiry Concerning Al-Mahdi

https://www.al-islam.org/an-inquiry-concerning-al-mahdi-sayyid-muhammad-...

The Promised Savior: An inquiry into the imamate of Imam Mahdi (as) from the viewpoint of Muslim thinkers

https://www.al-islam.org/promised-savior-inquiry-imamate-mahdi-viewpoint...

The Occultation of the Twelfth Imam (A Historical Background)
https://www.al-islam.org/occultation-twelfth-imam-historical-background-...

That is just one small portion of texts concerning Imam Mahdi (aj) that can be found at Al-Islam.org, there is a whole section dedicated to him (aj):

https://www.al-islam.org/library/imam-al-mahdi

Hope this is helpful inshaAllah.

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 3 months ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. We have traditions explaining events before the appearance of Imam al-Mahdi (af) and surrounding the way in which he will reappear. These hadith which are prophecies will be one of the best indicators for knowing the Imam (af). Some people will be blessed with knowing him before his reappearance and those are his selected companions who will travel to Mecca and be present when he reveales his identity.

Aside from these there are a number of traits and qualities that an Imam must have and Imam al-Mahdi (af) will display those traits. He will also most likely  display proofs of his own as did the previous divine guides.

May you always be successful.