Jumu'ah (Arabic: صلاة الجمعة, ṣalāt al-jumu‘ah), also known as Friday Prayer or Congregational Prayer, is a prayer (ṣalāt) that Muslims hold every Friday, just after noon instead of the Zuhr prayer. Muslims ordinarily pray five times each day according to the sun's sky path regardless of time zones.
Thank you for your question. Not performing Jummah prayers for a lengthy period of time does not take someone out of the fold of Islam according to the School of Ahl al-Bayt (as). It is possible to pray Jummah at home if a person ensures that all of the conditions of Jummah are fulfilled. For the conditions of Jummah prayer please refer to the book of Islamic laws of your Marja.
May you always be successful
It is highly recommended for every Shia Muslim to pray with Muslims from other sects in their congregational prayers, but we need to recite Sura Al-Hamd and other Sura for ourself. Such Salaah will be valid if it was performed inside the time not before it.
Jum'a prayers with non Shia Muslims is good but we need to recite Dhuhr Prayer as well.
If you proceed to Rukoo' before the Imam of Jama'ah or Jum'ah thinking that he is in Rukoo', you need to stand back and return to Rukoo' then follow the Imam. Your Salaah will be valid.
as salam alaikum
in the mentioned case, you should go back in the standing position (qiyam) and continue to follow the Imam.
With prayers for your success.
Yes, as it is mentioned in some books of Hadeeth.
His Salatul Jum'a is invalid like any other Salat if wind was broken during it. He should perform Wudhu and pray Dhuhr.
1. Salatul Jum'a is not obligatory on the traveler.
2. Even if you are not a traveler, but do not know the place of Salatul Jum'a, you just pray Dhuhr prayer as soon as the time of it starts.
3. If Salatul Jum'a is far away from you, it will not be obligatory on you but to pray Dhuhr.
Wudu is a worship and cannot be replaced by ordinary washing or shower. The recommended ghusls are described in books of fiqh and you cannot make ghusl out of those described.
The vast majority of contemporary Shia jurists allow for Friday prayer and state that it can replace salaat al-zuhr ( on Friday) as the Friday prayer is classified as al-wajib al-takhiyri (an optional obligation) -hence the option is there to perform either Friday prayers (along with all its attending conditions) or salaat al-zuhr. Yes Friday prayers is discussed in the Qur'an as per an entire Sura being entitled "Friday" ( al-Jumu'ah). For instance, if one looks at Iran or Iraq you would see millions of Shia Muslims attending the various Friday prayers held in Basra, Najaf, Karbala, Tehran, Qum etc.
There are some differences and many similarities in how the Jumu'a or Friday congregational prayers are conducted by the 4 Sunni schools of fiqh and the Shi'a Imamiyya.
The accurate version, of course, is with the Shi'a who held on to the teachings of the Ahl al-Bayt, the family of the Prophet (s), as commanded by the Prophet (s) himself, and gave their teachings on every issue precedence over other sources of information.
The salient differences in how the Friday prayers are conducted by the Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i, Hanbali and Ja'fari (Imami) schools of law are laid out by Shaykh Muhammad Jawad Maghniyya in his Five Schools of Islamic Law.
In Shia they recite a complete Sura after Friday and they do Qonut in each Raka. It means they raise their hands in front of their faces and pray.
Even their two khootbas a little bit different. In Shia in each khootba they invite to taqwa. In second khootba usually speak about political issues and about Islamic Ummah.
In Sonni they do not have Qonut and they recite part of Sura.
The Salat of Prophet is not clear. Each group believes they do like Prophet.