Salawat is a special Arabic phrase, which contains the salutation upon the prophet of Islam. This kind of phrase is usually expressed by Muslims in their five daily prayers (during the Tashahhud) and also when the name of Muhammad had been mentioned.
Allah (SWT) ordered us in many verses in Quran to obey the Prophet (SAWA).e.g. 3:32, :132, 4:59, 4:64, 4:80 and many other verses.
'The Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) clearly told the z Muslims to salute his progeny with him. He ordered Muslims to avoid the cut off salutation which does not salute his progeny with him. لا تُصَلّوا عليّ الصلاة البتراء.
Salawaat is part of compulsory parts of Namaz as it was tought to the Prophet (SAWA) by Allah (SWT). The Prophet (SAWA) recited Salawaat in every Namaz and ordered Muslims to recite Namaz as he recited.
Salawaat is the greatest Du'a and it includes the main faith in Allah and His Messenger (SAWA) and Ahlul Bayt (AS).
Deliberately leaving Salawaat invalidates the Namaz.
Yes it is allowed to say that as a Du'a. Every Du'a is permissible during Namaz.
ALLAHUMMA SALLI 'ALA MUHAMMAD WA AALI MUHAMMAD.
اللهم صل على محمد وال محمد
The benefits of reciting this Durud (Sawalwaat) are greater than we can count them. It include:
Forgiveness of sins.
Barakat in sustenance.
Making life blessed.
Driving away the difficulties.
Overcoming the opponents and enemies.
Gaining peace of mind.
Gaining the Shafa'ah of Ahlul Bayt (AS).
And many other benefits.
- When we say that we follow Ahlul Bayt (AS), we mean the Infallible Ahlul Bayt who are Ali, Fatima, Hasan, Husain and the nine Infallible Imams who are the son and grand sons of Imam Husain (Ali Al-Sajjad and Mohammad Al-Baqir and Jafar Al-Sadiq and Musa Al-Kadhim, and Ali Al-Ridha, and Mohammad Al-Jawad and Ali Al-Hadi and Al-Hasan Al-Askari and Al-Mahdi (AS).
- There are millions of Sadat whom we respect because of our respect to their grand father, the Prophet ( SAWA), but none of them is Infallible, nor Imam but only the 12 Imams.
- We and all Muslims were been ordered by Allah ( SWT) through the Prophet ( SAWA) to keep following and obeying the Book of Allah (Quran) and the Progeny of the Prophet (Ahlul Bayt) who are the Infallible Imams (AS). The compulsory following is to The Infallible Imams but this following and obedience is not for all the Sadat.
- Respecting all the descendants of Ahlul Bayt (AS) who are the Sadat is very good and it is a sign of love and respecting the Prophet and his Holy Progeny. Wasalam.
Thank you for your question. In the durood (the salawat) Aal Muhammad includes Imam Ali (as) as well as Bibi Fatimah (as) and the other Imams (as).
May you always be successful.