Death

Death is the permanent cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living organism. Phenomena which commonly bring about death include aging, predation, malnutrition, disease, suicide, homicide, starvation, dehydration, and accidents or major trauma resulting in terminal injury. In most cases, bodies of living organisms begin to decompose shortly after death.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 2 days ago

To pray to Allah (SWT) to deal with him with His Mercy. The Mercy of Allah includes everything as Allah says in Quran: And My Mercy included everything ورحمتي وسعت كل شيء

Wassalam.

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Amina Inloes, Amina Inloes is originally from the US and has a PhD in Islamic Studies from the University of Exeter on Shi'a hadith. She is the program leader for the MA Islamic Studies program at the... Answered 1 month ago

During the time of the Prophet (S), literacy was still new in his society, and his people did not have the custom of writing long books. They also did not have as much technology for writing as Muslims did later; for instance, much of the Quran was originally written on non-paper things like pottery shards. So it was not until later that the major Islamic books were written.

Also, there were a lot of things happening (including the need to handle military threats, the expansion of Islam, civil war, sorting out the practicalities of governing, and so forth), and people are more likely to write books when there is more stability. 

It is also quite possible that it didn't occur to some of the people to write a biography. After all, they all knew who the Prophet (S) was, and everything about their society was common knowledge to themselves. Why should they write a book about a subject that everyone knows about?

At the same time, the later companions or those from other regions most likely did not know a lot about the early life of the Prophet (S) because they came into the community later and only saw him in his final years.

Of course many details are passed on in hadith. 

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Amina Inloes, Amina Inloes is originally from the US and has a PhD in Islamic Studies from the University of Exeter on Shi'a hadith. She is the program leader for the MA Islamic Studies program at the... Answer updated 1 month ago

It is narrated that Imam Ali (A) spoke with the deceased in Wadi al-Salaam just by talking to them.

Anyway, the problem with trying to communicate with deceased people is that even if one feels one is getting communication, it is impossible to prove whether or not it actually comes from the deceased person (as opposed to, say, jinn, or one's imagination, or something else). 

Also it is better to let the deceased go and not to try to hold on to them as they have their own journey to make after this life. It is also not healthy for us to try to hold on to people after their time has come. It is better to have a clean break, mourn, and go on.

However, if there is something important to be resolved (for instance, a very bad relationship during this life, or something very important to know), I don't think there is any harm in simply speaking to them at their gravesite (if it is accessible/if they were buried) or even during a quiet time like after prayer, in hopes that it might be heard. After all, the way that the material world works is different from the way that the barzakh works. Many of us are often talking to Imam Husain (A), Fatima al-Zahra (A), etc, anyway, although they are deceased, and often even waiting to hear back from them somehow!

If Allah wills, one might find some sort of response sometime (for most people this sort of thing is in dreams), and perhaps not, but at least one did what one did. 

A minority of people have a strong inborn sense of perception of things that are generally not visible to other people and this is not always relating to piety, it is just a sense like any other sense, in the same way that some people are born with perfect pitch or an artistic eye. 

Some people have extensive a'mal for trying to speak to deceased people; I am not aware of any benefit or usefulness in them (but of course I cannot speak for everything as I am not familiar with everything). 

The best thing to do for the deceased is to pray for them or do good acts in their memory anyway. 

Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 1 month ago

There is no communication between us and the deceased persons. Hadeeth says: The deceased is too far from the living person while the living person is too close to the deceased ( very near to die). ما أبعد الميت من الحي وأقرب الحي من الميت.

Some very pious servants of Allah can under certain circumstances communicate with certain deceased person if there is a religious necessity, but this  is not available to public.

Such pious servants of Allah do not come up in public and never claim anything. You need to be careful from those who claim to attract people's attention of benefits.

Wassalam.

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Amina Inloes, Amina Inloes is originally from the US and has a PhD in Islamic Studies from the University of Exeter on Shi'a hadith. She is the program leader for the MA Islamic Studies program at the... Answered 1 month ago

According to hadith, we will see and recognise our relatives in the barzakh.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answer updated 2 months ago

Hadeeth says: Allah created the souls of people 2000 years before creating their bodies, and He created their sustenance 2000 years before creating their souls.

Allah (SWT) Has granted enough sustenance for all His creatures, but arrogant people snatch away the rights of others causing them to be hungry. Ameerul Mo'minnen Ali (AS) said: No one becomes hungry but only because someone else has taken away his right. ما جاع فقير إلا بما منع به غني

The real cause of the poverty is the injustice done by wrong doers on others.

Wassalam. 

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 2 months ago

The believers who die can meet their own relatives if they are believers whether they died before or after their death.

Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 3 months ago

Yes, she remains his wife which means that she can wash his body in Ghusl of Mayyit and if she dies, her husband is allowed to wash her body.

Wassalam.

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Abbas Di Palma, Shaykh Abbas Di Palma holds a BA and an MA degree in Islamic Studies, and certifications from the Language Institute of Damascus University. He has also studied traditional Islamic sciences in... Answered 3 months ago

as salam alaikum

according to the Qur'an faith in Allah and good deeds are the criterion to enter jannah, not merely dying by accident. If a person believe in the one and only Creator, do good deeds and abstain from bad deeds, paradise has been promised to him and he will enter jannah inshallah.  

With prayers for your success.

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Amina Inloes, Amina Inloes is originally from the US and has a PhD in Islamic Studies from the University of Exeter on Shi'a hadith. She is the program leader for the MA Islamic Studies program at the... Answered 4 months ago

This is a good question, and one that has received a lot of attention in the contemporary era.

Classically, many Muslims held that death is generally the punishment for apostasy (with some exceptions and conditions). Some Muslims today see this more in line with a modern treason law. That is, today, while killing someone for apostasy is considered a violation of human rights, killing someone for treason against their own nation is considered acceptable. This is because, in the past, religion was a primary marker of public identity and deliniation of the state; whereas, in the modern world, religion is considered a private matter and a matter of personal belief, and national identity is considered primary. 

Also, this law is based on hadith. Some people have challenged the authenticity of hadith that say this, because it seems to go against the Qur'anic view that there should be no compulsion in religion; it also seems unusually harsh, since the Prophet had a merciful and lenient character. Other people hold that it may have been appropriate in the time of the Prophet (where leaving the Muslim community would generally mean militarily aiding the enemy) but it is no longer valid today.

So, basically, one can say that, yes, this is a classical view; but it is still a subject of much discussion.

Also, note that even if the classical law is correct, it is not acceptable for a person to go around killing people because he or she thinks they are apostates. 

There are a number of pieces on this on al-Islam.org, which you can read by going to Google and typing "apostasy al-islam.org". 
 

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answer updated 5 months ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. Masturbating is a sin related to animalistic desires and so its punishment in the hereafter would be linked to that, as all sins have consequences and punishments that are suitable for them. Masturbation is a sin punishable in this world as well, and it is narrated that Imam Ali (as) punished a man for it by hitting his hand until it became red, and then got him married, paying for the marriage out of the treasury.

As for stopping, masturbation is a habit and like any other habit, stopping is a process, which requires determination and persistence. As a starting point a person should get rid of all aids, such as photos, movies, being on the wrong social media groups etc.
 

It is helpful if they can get married, or if not that they take up fasting on a regular basis. There are communities of people who are giving up frapping (another word for masturbation) so seeking support from such groups may be helpful for some. The most important thing is not to get discouraged if you slip, but to make sure that slips are as irregular as possible and to know that masturbation has a number of negative consequences, especially for a person's sex life later on. With determination many people have found their way out of frapping with a positive result on their lives and spirituality. 

May you always be successful.

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 6 months ago

Bismillah 

Thank you for your question. Your regret is sufficient for repentance from any wrong doing in this situation.

May you always be successful