The Fajr prayer (Arabic: صلاة الفجر ṣalāt al-fajr, "dawn prayer") an obligatory prayer ('Subuh' prayer) with two rakat (prescribed movements), and one of the five daily prayers offered by practising Muslims. Fajr means dawn in the Arabic language.
The specific time for the nafilah of fajr is entering of fajr time, which in this example would be from 6:10. So, you should pray nafilatul-subh at 6:10, and then pray salat al-subh after that.
And Allah knows best.
It is obligatory on every Muslim to perform every obligatory Salat within its designated time. Salat Al-Fajr (Morning Prayer) is being neglected by many persons now a days because of the timing of the office hours and Business hours which made many people don’t get up for morning prayers. This cannot be an excuse at all because the Fajr prayer is obligatory under every circumstance. The narration from the Prophet (Peace and Blessings be upon Him and His Holy Progeny) that the person who sleeps and does not perform morning prayer will be called from the sky “O Looser”.
These are some steps which can help the person who wants to perform morning prayers in time:
1) To avoid sleeping late and try to sleep early to have enough hours of rest than get up fresh for morning prayer
2) Avoiding overeating specially before sleeping as overeating can make the person heavy and not able to get up for morning prayer
3) A firm decision in the heart with string will power to get up for morning prayer. This decision will help the person to get up as the narration from Imam Jafar Al-Sadiq (A.S.) said “No body is weak when the will power is Strong”
4) Reciting Quranic verses which are the Last Verses in Surat Al-Kahf ( QUL INNAMA ANA BASHARUN MITHLOKUM YOUHA ILAYYA ANNAMA ILAAHUKUMBILAAHUN WAAHIDI FAMAN KANA YARJOO LIQAA'A RABBIHI FALYA'MAL 'AMALAN SAALIHAN WALA YUSHRIK BI'BAADATI RABBIHI AHADA) . It is very useful to help the people who wants to get up.
5) Avoiding the posh bed which makes you sleep more. Try to sleep on a bed which does not make you sleep more than what you need.
6) Trying to get the help of your family members or friends to call you or knock on your door or awake you up for the morning prayer.
7) Using the Alarm in every possible way and now a days you can even use the voice of Adhaan (Azan) that will be in your room which might help you to get up for morning prayer.
8) Before going to bed, repeat “Astaghferullah Astaghferullah Astaghferullah” that will help in omitting the sins because one of the bad effects of the sinful act is to make the body lazy and away from worshipping Allah. Those who commit sins and don’t seek forgiveness will fell very heavy when the time of Salatul Laly comes or even the time of Salatul Fajr also comes.
9) Remembering the great reward of Performing the Morning Prayer as the Hadeeth from The Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon Him and His Holy Progeny) says that the morning prayer is better than whole world “Rak'ata al-Fajr Khairun minad Duniya wa ma Fiha”
10) Remember that performing Salat al-Fajr increases your income and not performing it decreases the income and can cause poverty or financial hardships.
I am sure you as a Muslim know that worship and prayer is the greatest and most effective tool to battle anxiety and stress. As the holy Quran says, with the remembrance of God hearts will become tranquil. By someone seeing prayer as a burden or something that would hinder their mental stability, or even sleeping pattern, this shows they have not yet discovered what true faith and worship is.
The best time to gain focus in life, or rizq, or mental and spiritual stability is fajr time. Adopting a healthy and religious sleeping pattern will enable one to get good sleep, and also fuflil their basic religious requirements.
Of course, it will mean that one would have to change certain things in their daily routine, like avoiding things that keep them awake at night, avoiding caffeine, sleeping early, creating better atmosphere at home, and so on.
There are many ways of getting your good sleep, and also performing fajr prayer in its proper time. This means that the problem is not fajr time disrupting the sleep, but rather having a better routine and stronger reliance in the Almighty.
With prayers for your success.
Fasting starts from 'fajr', and ends at 'maghreb'. This means that you are able to eat, drink, etc, until just before fajr time. The issue whether you are able to accurately and precisely say when fajr time starts.
This is why the best thing to do is to stop a few minutes prior to fajr time, refraining from any of the invalidators of fasting. By doing this, you will be sure that you have not done anything that invalidates your fast.
As for how many minutes this should be, that is up to you, as long as you are trying to be as accurate as possible, and observing as much precaution as possible.
And Allah knows best.
Yes it is valid as far as you did not take the medicine after Fajr time.
If you were sure that the real Fajr has happened then you ate even after one second after Fajr, your fast will be invalid. If you ate because you were not sure whether Fajr has happened or not and you ate thinking it did not happene yet, then your fast is valid.
Whenever the period starts, fasting is finished and not valid. She can eat and drink whenever she needs but it is not good to eat or drink in front of fasting persons or children who don't understand why she is not fasting.
Yes it is Makrouh (Disliked) to sleep between Fajr and sunrise. Many authentic Hadeeths stated that it is recommended to be busy in that time ( between Fajr and sunrise) in prayers, Du'a, remembering Allah, reciting Quran and any useful deeds but not sleeping unless you are unwell or have another valid reason to sleep then. The benefits of being busy in that time in worship are too many including good health and more sustenance. Sleeping during that time might cause a diverse results on health and sustenance according to the Hadeeth. ( Manla Yahdharuhul Faqeeh, number 1439 and 1440)
As you know, for us Muslims, prayer takes priority over absolutely everything. We plan our lives and our daily routine around prayer. We select our form of lifestyle and work based on how we can excel in our faith and get closer to God.
Prayer, which is the most effective way to do this, must of course be done in its perfect form, and within its allocated time.
Anything that becomes an obstacle for that, we must eliminate, even if it means loss of money or changing of work opportunity.
In any job description, you are able to see if you can meet their requirements and also your religious requirements. If they do not give you any breaks, even toilet breaks, then in today's world that would be illegal and inhumane.
I am sure you are able to find a few minutes, during your break, to perform your prayers, quickly, and get back to work.
If under no circumstance are you able to take a break, or pray within the shar'i timeframe of the salat, then have trust in Allah ta'ala, who is the Razzaq, and pursue other work opportunities that would suit your Islamic values and human rights as well.
With prayers for your success.
This is a matter of diference in opinion among our esteemed jurists, and therefore you must refer to your Marja' taqleed.
However, it is indeed less confusing and more simple if prayers are redone on a day by day Qadha'. Starting with Dhuhr, and ending with Fajr, and ticking each day off as you go along.
And Allah knows best.
as salam alaikum
if by "little late" is meant that your parents miss the best time for prayer (waqt al-fadilah), meaning just as enters the adhan time, there is no problem in praying at different times as long as everybody prays before sunset. However it would be appropriate to pray Jama'ah and even better to pray Jama'ah at the mosque if there is the possibility.
With prayers of your success.
Yes. Recommended Prayers especially Salat al-Layl ( Night prayer) is highly recommended for every one including those who have unfulfilled Qadha prayers on them. No doubt, the reward of performing Qadha prayers is much more than the reward of recommended prayers.
You must perform every prayer within its time and never miss any obligatory prayer.