The Fajr prayer (Arabic: صلاة الفجر ṣalāt al-fajr, "dawn prayer") an obligatory prayer ('Subuh' prayer) with two rakat (prescribed movements), and one of the five daily prayers offered by practising Muslims. Fajr means dawn in the Arabic language.
The challenge when trying to answer questions about history is that all we can rely on is evidence that has come to us (such as texts or archaeological evidence) and often it is not 100% clear what happened.
In any case, there are some texts that say that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab ordered that the line "prayer is better than sleep" be added to the Fajr adhan. For instance, in al-Muwatta' (a prominent early Sunni source), it is said that the mu'adhdhin came to Umar ibn al-Khattab at fajr time and found him sleeping, so he told him, "Prayer is better than sleep" (to tell him to get up), and then 'Umar ibn al-Khattab ordered that it be added to the adhan. (See the relevant chapter in the book on salat in the Muwatta')
However, some people, especially Sunnis, hold a different view.
I think it is reasonable to say that all Muslims who do the adhan try to do the adhan in the way they think is correct and the way the Prophet (S) intended it. Shi'i fiqh does not prescribe "prayer is better than sleep" in the adhan because the dominant Shi'i view is that this is was not how the Prophet (S) instructed Muslims to do it. At the end of the day, Allah judges on intentions, and we do our best to follow the Sunnah!
Thank you for your question. Below is the ruling of Ayatullah Sistani (hA):
Ruling 978. Based on obligatory precaution, it is obligatory for a man to recite Surat al-Ḥamd and the other surah aloud (jahr) in ṣubḥ, maghrib, and ʿishāʾ prayers. And based on obligatory precaution, it is obligatory for a man and a woman to recite Surat al-Ḥamd and the other surah in ẓuhr, and ʿaṣr in a whisper (ikhfāt).
May you always be successful
Man is obliged to recite Sura Al-Hamd and other Sura in the first and second Rak'ats in Fajr, Maghrib and Isha Prayers with clear voice not whispering. It is not rising the voice like shouting but just reciting with clear voice. This rule is obligatory on males only not on females.
You can still recite Quran during that time as long as it is not one of the 4 ayahs of sajdah. If it involves those, you can take a break and continue afterwards.
Yes, it is highly recommended to be busy after performing Fajr Prayer till sunrise in Du'a, Quran, Dhikr etc. Sleeping between Fajr and sunrise is Makrouh (disliked) which means it is harmful, but it is not Haraam.
Thank you for your question. It is alright to sleep straight after fajr prayer. It is recommended to stay awake until sunrise reciting the Qur'an or making dhikr.
May you always be successful
It is compulsory to pray Fajr prayers and every prayer within it’s
time before it lapses (i.e. becomes Qadha). The Mo’min must do
everything that he can to perform all his prayers within its time.
You need to change your sleeping timing to be sure that you can wake up
to perform the Fajr prayer. The Hadith says : He who sleeps during the
time of Fajr prayer and misses the prayer will be called from the sky
: O loser !
If for any reason like illness etc. You could not wake up for Fajr,
then you must perform it as Qadha on the same day or better as soon as
you wake but that can never be usual procedure. You need to set an
alarm or request your family members to wake you up or your friends to
phone you to be sure that you wake up for Fajr prayers on time.
According to authentic Hadeeths, the loss of a person missing Fajr
prayer is more than all the treasures of this world.
The daily obligatory Prayers are obligatory to be performed in its time, and the recommended Nafilah for every obligatory Prayer is just recommended and not obligatory. Recommended prayers are very useful and get us nearness to Allah (SWT) but hey are not obligatory on us. There are narrations that recommended prayers are obligatory on the Prophet (SAWA).
We need to try our best to perform the recommended prayers as much as we can, to gain frm the great benefits of it and to be more near to Allah (SWT). In Hadeeth Qudsi that Allah (SWT) says: My servant keeps on performing recommended prayers till I love him, and when I ove im, I will be his ears with which he hears in, and his eyes with which he sees, and hand with which he acts.....
Recommended prayers are not Wajib that if we leave it like we have left an obligatory, but it is very much helpful in our spiritual uplift and we should never ignore trying to perform the recommended prayers as much as we can.
Yes. Every Nafilah Prayer is usually two Rak'ats like Fajr Prayer, but Nafilah Prayer can be performed with reciting Sura Al-Hamd only with out other Sura, although it is better to recite another Sura in Nafilah, while it is obligatory in Fajr Prayers to recite another Sura after Sura Al-Hamd.
Nafilah Prayer can be recited while sitting with out illness and even while walking intentionally, and when it is recited while walking, no need to face Qibla. There are other facilities in Nafilah Prayers.
as salam alaikum
the sunset (Maghrib time) marks the beginning of the new twenty-four-hour period (Yawm) or "day". For example, at Maghrib of Thursday starts the night of Friday (Laylat al-Jumu'ah) and at Fajr time of the night of Friday starts the daytime of Friday (Nahar al-Jumu'ah) and it lasts until the next Maghrib. The same goes for all the others days.
With prayers for your success.
Yes, it is Makrouh (disliked and harmful) to sleep between Fajr and sunrise and also between Asr and Maghrib.
Sleeping between Fajr and sunrise drives away Barakat and makes the income less, as we read in many Hadeeths.(النوم بين الفجر وطلوع الشمس يطرد الرزق)
Sleeping between Asr and Maghrib harms the mental and psychological health. The Hadeeth states: Who sleeps after Asr, should not blame but himself. (من نام بعد العصر فلا يلومن الا نفسه)