The Adhan, also written as Adhaan, Azan, Azaan or Athan (Arabic: أَذَان) (also called in Turkish: Ezan) is the Islamic call to worship, recited by the muezzin at prescribed times of the day. The root of the word is ʾadhina أَذِنَ meaning "to listen, to hear, be informed about". Another derivative of this word is ʾudhun (أُذُن), meaning "ear".
The specific time for the nafilah of fajr is entering of fajr time, which in this example would be from 6:10. So, you should pray nafilatul-subh at 6:10, and then pray salat al-subh after that.
And Allah knows best.
The Prophet (SAWA) has said: Whenever you mention my name as Prophet, mention Ali as Ameerul Mo'mineen.
The name of Ali (AS) was announced in the Adhan immediately after the declaration of Ghadeer by Bilal and Salmaan and other Sahabah in the presence of the Proohet (SAWA) and he approved it. This has been narrated even in Sunni books like (Al-Salafah Fi Amr al-Khilaafah by al-Maraaghi, page 36).
The enemies of Ahlul Bayt removed and banned the name of Ameerul Mo'mineen Ali from the Adhan.
Whenever the period starts, fasting is finished and not valid. She can eat and drink whenever she needs but it is not good to eat or drink in front of fasting persons or children who don't understand why she is not fasting.
It has started when the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) declared Ali as his successor on his return from his last Hajj on the famous day of Ghadeer in front of the largest gathering in the history of Islam in his time. The companions who witnessed the declaration of Ghadeer were over 120 thousands up to 125 thousands according to historic sources. The Prophet asked all the companions who were present: Am I not more entitled to be obeyed by the believers, than themselves on themselves? They replied him: Yes, O Messenger of Allah. He said immediately raising the hand of Ali in front of all of them : So, for whom I am the Master, Ali is his Master من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه. The Prophet then asked all the companions to give allegiance to Ali as Mawla (Master).
First Athaan (Azaan) after Ghdeer deceleration had in it ASHHADU ANNA ALIYYAN AMEERUL MO'MINEEN.أشهد أن عليا أمير المؤمنين
Some persons who were not happy with Ali did not like that and complained to the Prophet. He was angry with them and asked them: What did we say in Ghadeer?
This is narrated even in Sunni books like Al-Salafah Fi Akhbaar al-Khilafah by al-Maraaghi, a Well known Sunni 'Aalim from Egypt. Page 34. This book is in Al-Dhaahiriyyah Library in Damascus.
The Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) ordered the Muslims to always mention Ali as Ameerul Mo'mineen whenever they mention his name as the Messenger of Allah . (Al-Ehtijaaj by Al-Tabrasi). You can see in Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal the Hadeeth from the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) : When I was shown the gates of the Paradise, I saw that it is written on it : La Ilaaha Illallah, Muhammad RASOOLULLAH, Ali is the brother of RASOOLULLAH.
Azan is recommended while Tashahhud is obligatory. Tashahhud is part and parcel of Namaz and if Tashahhud is wrongly said, Namaz will be void and invalid.
Tashahhud was taught to us by the Proohet Muhammad (SAWA) and Ahlul Bayt (AS) with ordering us to (Pray as you saw me praying) صلّوا كما رأيتموني أصلّي
Imam Jafar Al-Sadiq (AS) explained to one of his students; Hammad Ibn Easa all the steps of Namaz including Tashahhud ( ASHHADU ANLA ELAAHA ILLALLAH WAHDAHU LAA SHAREEKA LAH WA ASHHADU ANNA MUHAMMADAN ABDUHU WA RASOOLUH ALLAHUMMA SALLI 'ALA MUHAMMAD WA AALI MUHAMMAD as we read it in al-Kaafi, 3/311.
We are not allowed to add to Tashahhud but we are allowed to pray any prayers as supplication after Tashahhud including the names of the Infallible Imams like ALLAHUMMA SALLI 'ALA AMEERIL MO'MINEEN.
Yes she can. There is no condition in Adhan and Iqaamah to be given by the father only or any man. Women including the mother can do it as well.
'Giving the name to the child should not ignore the father's wish.
Thank you for your question. There is no problem in praying once you are certain of the time even if others have not begun the recommended actions before prayer like azan.
May you always be successful
It means : The salutations and peace upon you O Messenger of Allah.
'It is usually said by many Sunni brothers. It is incomplete form of salutations because it must mention the Progeny of the Prophet along with him as the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) said: لا تُصَلّوا عَلَيَّ الصلاة البتراء Do not salute me with a cut off salutation. They aske him: What is the cut off salutation? He replied: To salute me with saluting my Progeny. ( al-Qawl al-Badee' by al-Sakhaawi; page 45 and al-Sawaa'iq al-Muhriqa by Ibn Hajar al-Haytami; page 225, and Yanabee' al-Mawaddah by al-Qondoozi al-Hanafi ;2:434).
It is always recommended to salute the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) and his Progeny Ahlul Bayt (AS) any time including before and after Azan and before and after Prayers.
Awwal Waqt which is also known as Waqt Al-Fadheelah is the period within which it is highly recommended to perform the prayer. It starts when the real time of the Salah starts. Azan is not always declared on the real time but delayed in some places especially in some non Muslim countries.
Awwal Waqt for morning prayer is from Real Fajr till darkness of the sky starts decreasing.
Awwal Waqt for Dhuhr prayer is from midday till the shadow of things becomes to four sevenths of the thing and it is better not to delay it more than the time of two sevenths of things.
'Awwal Waqt for Assr prayer is after performing Dhuhr or from the time of two sevenths of the shadow till the shadow reaches six sevenths.
Awwal Waqt for Maghrib is from vanishing the eastern reddish ness till the end of western reddish ness in the horizon.
'Awwal Waqt for Isha prayer is from vanishing of western reddish ness till one third of the night.
Shirk is calling someone God, assigning divinity to someone other than God, or assigning the offices of divinity to someone other than God.
Saying "'Ali is the wali of God" is not shirk, because it is not doing any of the above.
Furthermore, the Qur'an speaks of the "awliya' Allah" (plural of wali) with respect to human beings. Therefore, it is not shirk to say that Imam 'Ali is the wali of Allah, since Allah uses that phrase Himself. Given his high level of spirituality and service to Islam, very few Muslims would disagree with the idea behind saying "'Ali is the wali of Allah," although this phrase has become associated with Shi'ism.
Therefore, the biggest objection that someone could put forward to saying this in the adhan is that it does not belong in the adhan, not that it is shirk or an untrue statement.
It is not necessary to say "'Ali is the wali of Allah" in the adhan or kalimah. It is optional to say that. Shi'is generally do not consider it part of the adhan or salat. If it is said in the adhan, it is said as an optional thing which is said for blessings, or because it is seen as recommended, not as an actual part of the adhan. This is similar to how one might recite salawat after the Prophet's name during the adhan - it is done as an optional thing and not out of the belief that it is a formal part of the adhan.
For matters of religious law, such as the salat or converting to Islam, it is enough to say "there is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his Prophet".
However, due to the Shi'i belief in the Imamate, some Shi'is might feel it is a more complete or comprehensive statement of faith to also say "'Ali is the wali of Allah" (because the 3 statements cover monotheism, prophethood, and imamate); one might also say it to indicate a desire to convert specifically to Shi'ism. But it is not necessary.
Among Shi'is, it has become common to say "'Ali is the wali of Allah" during the adhan. There are some narrations indicating that this was said in the presence of the Prophet, for instance, that on the Day of Ghadir Salman al-Farsi recited it during the adhan, and the Prophet approved of it.
Similarly, regarding the kalimah, there are narrations in Sunni and Shi'i books connecting endorsement of Imam 'Ali to endorsement of Allah and the Prophet. For instance, it is said that it is written on the Throne of God: "There is no God but Allah, Muhammad is My servant and messenger, and 'Ali was his supporter."
Sadly, today, some Muslims attack each other over very small details of practice. They dislike some things because they are different from the Islam they are familiar with, or because they are symbolic of a different sect. It would be better to move towards a spirit of tolerance and acknolwedge that there are multiple ways in which Islam is lived today. After all, even if two people are reciting the adhan differently, they are still reciting the adhan. There are many people who don't care about God at all. Why not focus on the big things such as discussing the existence and relevance of God, rather than focusing on small details and trying to "prove" who is right?
(This is not directed at you personally since I am sure it is a genuine question, and it is a good question to ask and know about, but rather it is an overall comment regarding the situation of the Muslim world today and the types of arguments that are had over how to do wudhu and so forth.)
1. The name of Ameerul Mo'mineen Ali (AS) was mentioned in the Athaan during the time of the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) as you can find it is Sunni books like Assalaafah Fi Akhbar al-Khilafah by al-Maraaghi, page 24. After the announcement of Ghadeer when the Prophet asked all companions to give allegiance to Ali, the first Athaan given by Bilâl was with Ashhadu Anna Ali Ameerul Mo'mineen.
Some opponents of Ali objected on that and complained to the Prophet saying : the sin of black woman (Bilâl) has added on Athaan. The Prophet rejected their complain and asked them : Then what did we announce ?
Clearly, the witness the Ali is Ameerul Mo'mineen is the soul of Ghadeer announcement and the spirit of Islam being the divine successor of the Prophet (SAWA).
2. This status of Ali is mentioned in many Sunni books like Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, volume of Fadha'il Ali Ibn Abi Talib, page 342 who narrated Hadeeth of Jaabir ibn Abdullah al-Ansaari, from the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA): I saw on the gate of Paradise a writing : LAA ELAAHA ILLALLAH, MUHAMMAD IS RASOOLULLAH, ALI IS BROTHER OF RASOOLULLAH.
3. A man came to the Prophet (SAWA) and said: I saw and heard Salman (al-Farisi) mentioning is Athaan after the witness of Risalah, a witness of Wilayah to Ali. The Prophet replied him: What you heard (from Salman) is good.
( عنوان الصحيفة Onwan al-Saheefah, page 81.
4. We have authentic Hadeeth from the Prophet (SAWA) : When you mention me with Prophet hood, mention Ali as Ameerul Mo'mineen.
5. Mentioning the name of Ali (AS) in Athaan is not matter of love because we love Fatimah and all the Infallible Imams, but we do not mention their name in Athaan, but it is a matter of following the orders of the Prophet to all Muslims to follow Ali.
6. All our great scholars say that mentioning Ali as Ameerul Mo'mineen in Athaan and Eqamah is recommended. We do have few Ulama who said that it is obligatory as a sign of faith but our present Maraaji' of Taqleed say it is Mustahab (recommended).
7. Those who claim mentioning the name of Ali in Athaan is Bid'ah are very far from the authentic evidence or they might be influenced by the books of others who are away from Ahlul Bayt (AS).