Muhammad (Arabic: مُحَمَّد, pronounced [muħammad]; c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE) was an Arab religious, social, and political leader and the founder of Islam. According to Islamic doctrine, he was a prophet, sent to present and confirm the monotheistic teachings preached previously by Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets.
The 12 Imams are not exactly like the Prophet Muhammad in that each of them were separate individuals and had his own life, experiences, personality, features, etc. (That is, they did not share the same soul.)
However, they all shared the same teachings of the Prophet (S). This is the job of the Imams (A) is to correctly explain the teachings of the Prophet (S). According to dominant Twelver Shi'i belief, knowledge of the correct Prophetic teachings is a divine gift transferred to one Imam after the death of the previous Imam; therefore, they do not make mistakes in the teachings or disagree about what the Prophet (S) taught.
Also, the Prophet and 12 Imams are all considered sinless. They all obviously also shared a strong commitment to Islam.
Maybe this is one reason that they tend to appear the same - it is our flaws and faults that oftentimes distinguish us the most from each other!
The rational reason for this is that Allah appointed them to preserve and expand upon the message as was necessary. If you think about it, most Muslims came to Islam in the latter part of the Prophet's life. Many of them really didn't have enough time to learn much about the religion at all, especially because the Muslims were busy fending off attackers and dealing with a lot of practical things. And after the Prophet, not all the Companions agreed on everything. So it makes sense that if Allah is going to appoint a prophet with the final message that Allah would be sure that message is protected; this is done through the imamate.
No this is not the case. The Shia Muslims believe that the prophet Mohammad (sawa) who possesses prophethood, messengership and imamah, is the highest of all creation. Anyone saying otherwise is a deviant and ignorant.
In a narration from Al-Kafi, Imam Ali (as) when asked by a Jew if he's a prophet, replied the following:
إنما أنا عبد من عبيد محمد صلى الله عليه وآله
I am only an 'abd (slave) from the slaves of Mohammad (sawa).
'Abd in this context means a servant or slave in the sense of complete obedience and not worship. The Quran also uses the word 'Abd for the non-worship sense too. Check 24:32.
Therefore, despite the unfathomable status of Imam Ali (as), he shows that he is in a lower position as compared to Rasullah (sawa) by expressing his obedience and veneration to him.
So then imagine the status of rasullah when someone such as Ali expresses such a statement!
May Allah grant you success
The evidence of the prophet hood of Muhammad (SAWA) are too many but Quran and Ahlul Bayt (AS) are the greatest evidence. Any human being who uses his senses will see when reading Quran and the sayings of Ahlul Bayt (AS) that it is miraculous and it can never come from any human being with out link with or support from Allah.
The prophet hood of Jesus (AS) was proven by many miracles which can never be denied by sensible human being. Some people have enmity against Jesus and his mother which is the reason of denying his prophet hood.
In the name of Allah
During the 9 years of The Holy Prophet's life after Hijrah - depending on the definition of battle - between 80 to 100 counts of Battle between Muslims and non-muslims are recorded in history.
The Holy Prophet -Peace be upon him and his Ahlul Bayt- was personally present and leading the Army in 27 of these Battles that are called Ghazwah (غزوة). The rest were lead by his appointed generals.
It's worth mentioning that most of these battles were resolved without any/major conflict like the Conquest of Mecca.
Here you can read more details about some of these battles:
There is contradiction at all. Allah (SWT) grants everlasting life to the martyrs (2:154) and (3:169). The Prophets and Infallible Imams are much higher in degree from the martyrs, so, their continuous life is very obvious. Every Muslim salutes in his Salah, the Prophet السلام عليك أيها النبي ورحمة الله وبركاتهand all Pious servants of Allah السلام علينا وعلى عباد الله الصالحين
This means that they are alive to receive and respond to our salutations.
Allah (SWT) Has created the rules of this universe, but, His will is above all te rules. He made the fire cool and peace on Ibrahim, and He made Easa able to revive dead to alive. He ordered continuous life for His most humble servants.
There is a narration from 'A'isha that says that Holy Prophet (s) died with his head in her lap, however, according to narrations in Usul al-Kafi, Volume 1, and also other Sunni narrations, the Holy Prophet (s) died with his head in the lap of Imam 'Ali (as). Imam 'Ali narrates this, saying that the Holy Prophet (s) kept on whispering to him and passing on knowledge. He 'opened a thousand gates, each of which opened another thousand gates.' Someone later asked Imam al-Sadiq (as) how many of those gates had been opened to the Shi'a and Imam al-Sadiq (as) said, 'Not even two'. So, the final words were whispered to Imam 'Ali (as) and we don't know what they were.
“I laid you down in your grave when your last breath has passed between my neck and chest.” (Nahj al-Balagha, Sermon 201, p.441)
“When the Prophet (saas) died his head was on my chest, and his (last) breath blew over my palms and I passed it over my face.” (Nahj al-Balagha, Sermon 196, p.431)
The following is quoted in Khasa’is of Nasa’i from Umm Salamah: "By Allah, the closest person [to the Prophet] at the time of the Prophet's death was ‘Ali. Early on the morning of the day when he was going to die, the Prophet called ‘Ali who had been sent out on some errand. He asked for ‘Ali three times before his return. However, ‘Ali came before sunrise. So, thinking that the Prophet needed some privacy with ‘Ali, we came out. I was the last to be out; therefore, I sat closer to the door than the other women. I saw that ‘Ali lowered his head towards the Prophet and the Prophet kept whispering into his ears (for sometime). Therefore, ‘Ali is the only person who was near the Prophet till the last."
Al-Hakim al-Nasyaburi, moreover, remarks in his Mustadrak that: "the Prophet kept confiding in ‘Ali till the time of his death. Then he breathed his last."
Imam al-Sadiq (as) narrates: ‘The Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h.a.h.p.) said in his illness duringwhich he died: “Call to me my sincere friend (khalq).” And the two women (‘A’isha and Hafsa) sent for their fathers, and, when the Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h.a.h.p.) saw them, he turned away from them. Then he said: “Call to me my sincere friend.” So ‘Ali was sent for, and when he saw him, he (‘Ali - p.b.u.h.) bent over him and (the Prophet - p.b.u.h.a.h.p.) spoke to him. When he came out, the two (fathers) met him (‘Ali - p.b.u.h.) and said to him: “What did your sincere friend say to you?” He said: “He spoke to me about a thousand gates, each one of which opens (the way to another) thousand gates.”’ (Al-Kulaynī, al-Kāfi, Vol. 1, al-Usūl, Part Two, 4: ‘The Book of Divine Proof’, Chapter 65 ‘The Sign and the Warrant for Amir al-Mu’minin Peace Be Upon Him’, no. 767-4, p. 375.)
as salam alaikum
the Qur'an says: "Say:- I am but a human being like you. It has been revealed to me that your God is only One God-" (18:110).
We can deduce from this verse that the Prophet was a human being like us. At the same time, it is said that it was revealed to him that Allah is only one God so in that sense he was not like any of us as Allah spoke to him through revelation.
Also, the Qur'an says that the most honorable of us in the sight of Allah is the most God-wary (49:13) and this makes the holy Prophet above any other believer.
With prayers for your success.
as salam alaikum
poverty has been always present along history due to the exploitation exercised by some people and groups on others. The Prophet and the Imams, peace be upon them, presented and supported a system that in fact aims at the eradication of poverty but due to various circumstances was not fully implemented even by Muslims themselves. The believers are called to revive, preserve and spread that system based on cooperation, altruism and charity in order to eliminate, or at least lessen, poverty in the world.
With prayers for your success.
as salam alaikum
there is no clear reference to the fact that some people attempted to worship the Prophet as god during his lifetime. Rather the Qur'an tells us about another tendency among the disbelievers of his time: "Those who entertain no fear about being present before Us, nor do they expect it, say:- Why should not the angels be sent down on us or we see our Lord?-" (25:21). Their asking for angels and even for the Lord himself shows that they did not believe that the Prophet could be a god.
We can deduce this fact also by their saying: " Shall a mere human being guide us?" (64:6).
If someone would have tried to worship the Prophet as god certainly we would have known by multiple reports as such claim would have circulated and caused a particular sensation at that time.
With prayers for your success.
All the prophets and their divine successors are infallible and sinless as they are the best examples to be followed by human beings. Allah (SWT) ordered all human beings to obey the prophets and their successors. If God forbid, they do any sinful act, it means that Allah (SWT) is ordering us to commit sin following them, which is impossible.
Sura al-Nasr like many other Surah have been mistranslated. It does mean at all to seek forgiveness for the prophet himself but for the Muslims who enter in the Religion of Allah for their past sins.
Every verse in Quran and every Hadeeth on this matter means that the Prophet is seeking forgiveness for the Believers.
This claim came from a narration in some Sunni books from ‘Urwah Ibn al-Zubair from his aunt Aisha that the Holy Prophet (SAWA) passed away while he was putting his head on the chest of Aisha. This narration is a fabricated narration and it contradicts with authentic narrations in Sunni and Shia books . Ibn Abbas, the well known companion, denied and refuted this narration.
as it is in Tahtheeb al-Tabaqaat al-Kubra (page 402) : Abu Ghatfan asked Ibn-Abbas, “did you see the Prophet when he passed away putting his head on the chest of anyone?”
Ibn Abbas replied: “the Prophet passed away when his head was on the
chest of Ali ibn Abi Talib”. The narrator asked him, that: “‘Urwah told
me that Aisha said that the prophet passed away when his head was on
her chest.” Ibn Abbas said: “do you have sense? Can you believe it? By
Allah, the messenger of Allah, passed away and his head
was on the chest of Ali Ibn Abi Talib.”
In the well known Sunni book Al Tabaqat al Kubra (vol 2 pg 260) Ibn Sa’ad said: The prophet passed away while his head was on the chest of Ali-ibn-abi-Talib.
Ibn Asaakir, the well known Sunni scholar, narrated in his book
Tareekh Dimashq (vol 3 pg 15 narration number 1028) that the mother of
Jumai’ ibn ‘Omair and his aunt both went to Aisha and asked her about
Ali. Aisha said: “you are asking me about whom? About a man who put
his hand, when the prophet was dying, and the soul of the prophet came
out on his hand and he wiped his face with it.”
This narration has also been mentioned in Majma’ al Zawa’id by al Haythami (vol 9 pg 112)
and also mentioned by al Zamakhshari in Rabi’ al Abraar.
The false narration claiming hat he Prophet put his head on the chest of Aisha was narrated by a well known enemy of Imam Ali (AS), ‘Orwah ibn al Zubair, who fabricated this false allegation because of his enmity against Ali Ibn Abi Talib (AS) . 'Orwah Ibn al Zubair fought against Imam Ali (AS) in the Bttle of Jamal in Basra and tried with his brother Abdullah to kill mam Ali (AS).
How can Muslims believe an enemy of Ali and leave what Ali (AS) himself stated? Ibn Abi Al-Hadeed narrated that Ali (AS) himself said(ولقد قبض رسول الله وان رأسه على صدري ) “verily the Messenger of Allah (SAWA) passed away when his head was on my chest.”
Nahjul Balagah, (sermon 197).
In Musnad Ahmad bin Hambal (vol 6, pg 300) Umm Salama,
one of the wives of the Holy Prophet (SAWA), she said: “I swear by
whom I swear, that Ali was the nearest to the Holy Prophet (SAWA) and
the last person who was with the Holy Prophet (SAWA) when the Holy
Prophet (SAWA) passed away, he was alone with Ali giving him secrets
and talking to him alone.”
This is also mentioned in al Musannaf (vol 7 pg 494) also in Kanz al
Ummal (vol 13 pg 146 Hadeeth number 36459) and also in Tareekh Madinat
Dimashq and also in al Bidaya Wannihaya by ibn Katheer (vol 7 pg 397)
Sunni texts also say that the Holy Prophet (s) died with his head in the lap of Imam 'Ali (as): The following is quoted in Khasa'is of Nasa'i from Umm Salamah: "By Allah, the closest person [to the Prophet] at the time of the Prophet's death was 'Ali. Early on the morning of the day when he was going to die, the Prophet called 'Ali who had been sent out on some errand. He asked for 'Ali three times before his return. However, 'Ali came before sunrise. So, thinking that the Prophet needed some privacy with 'Ali, we came out. I was the last to be out; therefore, I sat closer to the door than the other women. I saw that 'Ali lowered his head towards the Prophet and the Prophet kept whispering into his ears (for sometime). Therefore, 'Ali is the only person who was near the Prophet till the last."
Al-Hakim al-Nasyaburi, moreover, remarks in his Mustadrak that: "the Prophet kept confiding in 'Ali till the time of his death. Then he breathed his last."