Biologically, a child (plural: children) is a human being between the stages of birth and puberty, or between the developmental period of infancy and puberty. The legal definition of child generally refers to a minor, otherwise known as a person younger than the age of majority.
We as believers in Allah (SWT) firmly believe in the Absolute Wisdom, Mercy, and Justice of Allah (SWT). We do not question His orders and never ask Him why. We are sure that all His orders are based on absolute wisdom, mercy, and justice and aim for our benefits whether we understand it or not.
Thank you for your question. Although it is not possible to know the mind of God and all of His purposes, what we are sure of is that a Merciful, Wise and Just Lord would only allow an innocent to suffer if there was a benefit that accrued to that innocent which was worth their suffering in this world. In the case of a child that would be something like a swift entrance into heaven or a higher station within it. As the test pertains to the parents and relatives as well, if they are patient through it they will also be rewarded accordingly.
May you always be successful.
It is narrated from the Prophet Muhammad (S): “Never beat the children if they cry. Fulfill their needs. Because, for the first four months of the life of a child, its cries are a witness to the Existence and Unity of Allah, Almighty." (Bihar al-Anwar)
In general, in Islam, one should avoid breaking ties with one's family unless there is a serious and overriding reason (such as fear for one's life). However, whether one wishes to maintain a close relationship or a more distant relationship is a personal choice.
I don't know the details of this situation. I would surmise that in most cases, if parents break ties with their children on account of their child's poor academic performance, it is due to (a) other issues, not just academics, (b) an attempt to motivate the child to do better by "punishing" them, or (c) a projection of their own psychological issues onto the child.
Anyway, all the child can do is try to be polite and respectful, try to avoid arguments, and keep the door open in case they wish to resume communication.
If a young person is not doing well in academics, and has tried various ways to improve but has not succeeded, it is worth considering other options such as vocational school or going into business. Everyone has their own skills and talents. There are a lot of jobs that are not related to academics (such as being a chef or plumber) which pay well and are necessary jobs for society, even if the parents' dream is for their child to do something else.
Thank you for your question. The times of conception and pregnancy are of special importance to a child's soul and so the sins of the parents during that time do have a negative impact. And Allah knows best.
May you always be successful
There are advantages and disadvantages to marrying closely (like a first cousin). Sometimes the advantages, such as having greater trust, might outweigh the disadvantages. To my understanding, occasional close marriages are not usually a problem with genetics, rather, problems tend to arise when people do this over a long span of generations. Also they have been common in many cultures not just among some Muslim cultures. Genetic problems can also arise in any marriage. However there is nothing in Islam recommending this particular type of marriage.
I one saw someone teaching Surah al-Rahman by associating meaningful signs with each of the verses, so, for instance, in this verse, they pointed to stars and made trees with their hands and fingers. The idea behind this is that the human being will remember gestures and words more than gestures. You could try it!
Deceased persons have no knowledge of unseen unless Allah (SWT) informs them. Deceased parents do not know all details of their.
It is recommended to visit the grave of the deceased parents and pray. Prayers are hopefully accepted then. You can tell them when you visit them about your problems and request their prayers for you.
Thank you for your question. This depends heavily on the maturity of the child, but while a child may be convinced of religion or not, they are not taken account for their actions or their beliefs until they reach an age of maturity. On the other hand, if they commit good actions with belief they will be rewarded.
May you always be successful
The hardships and tests we face - God willing - refine us not only as human beings but increase our spiritual understanding and capacity to behold the divine. This is one reason why human being agreed to accept the responsibility of free will - with it comes a risk (hellfire) but also great potential.
Ideally the main goal of the material existence (as I understand it) is for human beings to deepen their inherent spiritual understanding as much as possible. A child and an adult may both go to jannah; however, depending on their experiences (as not everyone grows throughout a long lifespan), they may end up with a different inherent capacity to perceive the divine there. (One might equate that with "higher in jennah")
Yes, Diya is obligatory if the beating or hitting caused reddishness in the skin. Diya is to be paid to the person (child) himself either by putting the amount in trust with his guardian or in his account or even by spending it on him.
Any type of songs which is usually used by sinners is not permissible.