Employment is a relationship between two parties, usually based on a contract where work is paid for, where one party, which may be a corporation, for profit, not-for-profit organization, co-operative or other entity is the employer and the other is the employee. Employees work in return for payment, which may be in the form of an hourly wage, by piecework or an annual salary, depending on the type of work an employee does or which sector she or he is working in.
As you know, for us Muslims, prayer takes priority over absolutely everything. We plan our lives and our daily routine around prayer. We select our form of lifestyle and work based on how we can excel in our faith and get closer to God.
Prayer, which is the most effective way to do this, must of course be done in its perfect form, and within its allocated time.
Anything that becomes an obstacle for that, we must eliminate, even if it means loss of money or changing of work opportunity.
In any job description, you are able to see if you can meet their requirements and also your religious requirements. If they do not give you any breaks, even toilet breaks, then in today's world that would be illegal and inhumane.
I am sure you are able to find a few minutes, during your break, to perform your prayers, quickly, and get back to work.
If under no circumstance are you able to take a break, or pray within the shar'i timeframe of the salat, then have trust in Allah ta'ala, who is the Razzaq, and pursue other work opportunities that would suit your Islamic values and human rights as well.
With prayers for your success.
Islamic Rules say that all the livelihood expenses of the wife ( including housing and other usual expenses) is the responsibility of her husband even if she is a rich person. If your wife accepted to pay her own rent not knowing that it is the responsibility of her husband, you must tell her the truth and pay for her rent. If she wants after knowing her right of housing on you, to voluntarily pay her rent, that will be favor from her on you, but you are not allowed to force her or pressurise on her to do so.
Displaying any photo which is not permissible for public to see is not permissible and the money earned from it is also not permissible.
No, there is no "necessity" for the husband to work outside. The husband can work from home, or maybe due to circumstances be unemployed.
In regards to your question, there are two important points:
1. In Islam, it is wajib for the husband to cover expenses, as nafaqah is the husband's duty. If the wife wishes to pay for things, it is not her shar'i duty, and it is out of her goodness.
2. For the long term, it will not be good or mentally healthy for the husband to be at home all the time, with no work, or future ambitions, or being occupied with at least something useful for himself, his family or for the community. Therefore, it would be advisable that the husband somehow keeps himself busy in this case.
With prayers for your success.
In the case of khums payment, it is not dependent on whether you work or not. It is a matter of what you have when your khums date comes. Should you have any savings that you have not paid khums on before, and it is your pure excess and savings from that year, then you will need to pay khums on it.
In addition to this, another case of khums being applicable on you would be items that you own and are new and you have not used.
Please refer to your Marja' taqleed for detailed information.
And Allah knows best.
The insurance contract between the insurer ( insurance company) and the insured is permissible in Sharia because it is similar to any conditional gift هبة مشروطة as the insured gives certain amount of money ( premium) to the company with a condition that if any thing wrong happens to him or his health or property etc, the company should pay for it fully or partly. This is a permissible contract.
Your work in insurance company is permissible.
It is allowed for every Muslim to serve his country in any field which does not do injustice on others. Your country's interest should be in the interest of people and should not support the aggressors who might be friendly with some of your political leaders. You as a Muslim are obliged to serve peaceful people in your country and every where, and never support injustice. Our case as Muslims is the justice for all human beings and even for everything. Justice for people of Palestine for example, might not be an aim for many western politicians, but we must do everything possible in peaceful and legal way to support justice. Muslim officer must be an ethical officer and not just a blind officer.
Working in interest in not permissible in Islam, but banking jobs include trade, investments, import and export etc which are permissible. If your husband works only in interest and nothing else, then his work is fully unlawful and his income is unlawful, but if he works in interest and other lawful jobs, then his income include lawful money from which you can utilize.
A woman needs her husband's consent for going out of the house but she can acquire and ensure these rights that are mentioned in the question as a stipulation or a condition during the contract, so she can ask for the right of studies and working.
Even if she has not and the stubborn husband is not going to let her go out, she can still continue her studies online and even work online because it doesn't need going out.
It is not allowed for any Muslim female to wear any type or any degree of makeup in front of non Mahram men . If your employers force you to put red lipstick or any type of make up in front of men, then you must avoid that even if you have to leave the job if they insist on forcing you to do that, because it is against the teachings of Quran (Tell the believing women to lower their gaze and protect themselves (from sinful sexual acts) and not to show off their adornment except what is apparent .(Sura 24, Verse 31).
It is not allowed to design or make websites or any other media which contain unlawful contents. Money earned from unlawful work is also unlawful and you are not permitted to use it. You must leave such job which requires you to take part in unlawful work. Your income must be completely lawful.
However, you should be certain that you are comfortable with this because you and your children will live with it. Not only does a musician have to practice (and sometimes record) at home, but children often inherit musical talent and interests. So it is something you should look into your heart and see if it is the right future for you (or whoever is thinking of getting married).
Also, if you don't respect or agree with your husband's work, it might cause conflict between you two.