Inheritance is the practice of passing on property, titles, debts, rights, and obligations upon the death of an individual. The rules of inheritance differ between societies and have changed over time.
Her husband gets one quarter. The remaining three quarters goes to the son and daughter who were alive when the woman died. Two shares for the son and one share for the daughter.
If the daughter had already passed away before her mother, the son will get the three quarters.
If you could not reach to an inheritor, and lost hope in finding him after thorough search, his share must be given to the Marje' of Taqleed and never go to other inheritors unless they have evidence that has died and they have share from him. Marje' of Taqleed is responsible to spend it in charity on behalf of the missing beneficiary.
Salamun alaykum wa rahmatullah
The brother and sisters would not inherit because they belong to the second category and as long as any member of the first category exists, members of the second category would not inherit.
In the case of your question, according to the fatwa of Ayatollah Khamenei, the wife would inherit one eighth of the assets and the rest would be divided equally between the daughters.
According to Fiqh i.e. jurisprudence, a boy has no need to acquire the consent of either of parents, so he can marry any girl even if it is against his parents' consent.
Please bear in mind that I'm not answering according to moral and sociological advice!
As for the second part of your question, we have nothing like that in Islam and as soon as a person dies his/her connection to their possessions is removed and the properties automatically go into the account of the heirs, so if one is going to deprive an heir of getting their properties, they must transfer whatever they have in their lifetime to other people.
The son should keep the respect of his parents in every matter but it is not obligatory on him to get their approval for his marriage. Father's approval is required in the virgin marriage.
Parents are not allowed to abandon their son just because he did not marry according to their wish. Abandoning any relative is a major sin in Islam.
No one is allowed to deprive his son or daughter from inheritance as far as they are Muslims.
The wife gets one eighth and the the remaining 7/8 must be divided into four equal parts, one part for every daughter and two parts is for the son. This is from the net wealth after paying back all dues on the deceased including the One third.
It is the right of every person to keep one third from all his net wealth after his death to be spent on any aim or person that he wants. This one third can be spent on charity, giving to family or friends or any other lawful purpose.
You can keep a part from that Third to your unmarried daughter which will added on her share from your inheritance.
1. If the deceased left only one son and one daughter, and no wife, the daughter will inherit one third and the son wll inherit two thirds.
2. If the deceased left two sons and three daughters, and no wife, the wealth left must be divided in to seven equal parts, one part ( 1/7) for every daughter and two parts (2/7) for every son.
The tragedy of Lady Fatimah (SA) and her sufferings from Abu Bakr is mentioned in
hundreds of Sunni books and thousands of Shia books. I will mention
only the book of Bukhari being the most important book of Hadeeth among
our Sunni brothers. In the book of Bukhari, Hadeeth number 4240, it is
mentioned that Fatimah asked Abu Bakr to give her her right from what
the Holy Prophet (SAWA) left. Abu Bakr refused to give anything of
that to Fatimah (SA) so she became angry with Abu Bakr and boycotted
him and did not talk to him till she died. She remained alive after
her father for 6 months and she never spoke to Abu Bakr. This is in
the book of Bukhari itself.
It is important to know that Bukhari himself narrated a Hadeeth from
the Holy Prophet (SAWA) that Fatimah (SA) is part of me, anyone who
makes her angry makes me angry – this is in Bukhari, volume 4, page
210 in the Arabic edition.
The persons who have right in inheritance in Islam are in degrees; the first degree is for the parents of the deceased and the sons and daughters of the deceased. If any son or daughter are alive when the deceased passed away, no inheritance for grand sons or grand daughters.
In your question, the inheritance goes to the living sons and daughters, and no right of inheritance for the grandchildren. Grandchildren would have share in the inheritance if the deceased did not leave any living son or daughter.
Yes, it is allowed for any one to make a will in favor of any one whether a son or wife or friend or any one whom he wants. The will is obligatory in one third of the estate, but if it goes more than one third, then it will require the permission of the inheritors in the part which is more than the one third.
No, unless the grand father makes a will to give them whatever he wants to give them.
Inheritance goes to the direct children who are alive when the grandfather passed away and in the existence of direct children, no inheritance to grandchildren but with a will.
f the grandfather when he passed away had no living children but only grandchildren then all of them get the right is inheritance.
If the grandfather left only grandchildren with out any son or daughter, then all the grandchildren will inherit from their grandfather. But if the grandfather has living children, then his children will inherit him, not his grandchildren.
If the grandfather made a will in favour of his grandchildren, they will get a share according to the will which should not exceed on third of the whole estate, unless other inheritors permit.