Inheritance is the practice of passing on property, titles, debts, rights, and obligations upon the death of an individual. The rules of inheritance differ between societies and have changed over time.
The persons who have right in inheritance in Islam are in degrees; the first degree is for the parents of the deceased and the sons and daughters of the deceased. If any son or daughter are alive when the deceased passed away, no inheritance for grand sons or grand daughters.
In your question, the inheritance goes to the living sons and daughters, and no right of inheritance for the grandchildren. Grandchildren would have share in the inheritance if the deceased did not leave any living son or daughter.
Yes, it is allowed for any one to make a will in favor of any one whether a son or wife or friend or any one whom he wants. The will is obligatory in one third of the estate, but if it goes more than one third, then it will require the permission of the inheritors in the part which is more than the one third.
No, unless the grand father makes a will to give them whatever he wants to give them.
Inheritance goes to the direct children who are alive when the grandfather passed away and in the existence of direct children, no inheritance to grandchildren but with a will.
f the grandfather when he passed away had no living children but only grandchildren then all of them get the right is inheritance.
If the grandfather left only grandchildren with out any son or daughter, then all the grandchildren will inherit from their grandfather. But if the grandfather has living children, then his children will inherit him, not his grandchildren.
If the grandfather made a will in favour of his grandchildren, they will get a share according to the will which should not exceed on third of the whole estate, unless other inheritors permit.
If husband dies, his wife gets one eighth (1/8) from whatever he left if he left children, and if he had not leave any children, then she gets one forth of whatever he left.
Husband is allowed to make a will in favor of his wife , but the will is limited to one third of whatever he leave behind. More than one third will be the right of all the inheritors. If they agree to give her, then it s for them, but up to one third is obligatory.
The value must be based on the current value and not the cost price. If any one from the heirs wants to buy the share of others, he must pay them according to the current value of the property.
Islam respects and implements the will as far as it does not contradict the Islamic rules. The inheritance trust should not have any injustice on other inheritors, and it should not exceed one third of the whole amount left after deducting the debts and liabilities.
If the inheritance trust exceeds one third, then it will be in the hands of the inheritors to allow the extra amount or to just fix it to the one third.
There is no difference in this regard between any of the grandchildren. As long as a child lives his or her children or the children of other siblings would not inherit.
If you are sure that the whole amount of inheritance is unlawful then you are not allowed to utilize any amount of it, but give it to poor in charity through the Marja of Taqleed.
If you know that part of the amount is unlawful, then you are allowed to utilize the portion which is from allowed income.
The wife will gain her dowry(Mahr) from the property because it's a debt + one 8th of the property because the dead person had children.
Then the rest of the property will be divided between the children with the formula of: "The share of boys is twice the share of girls"
وَإِن كَانُوا إِخْوَةً رِّجَالًا وَنِسَاءً فَلِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ الْأُنثَيَيْنِ
But if there be [several] brothers and sisters, then for the male shall be the like of the share of two females. (4:176)
He had this right to gift any of his property to anyone he wanted and it doesn't matter that he himself inherited these properties and didn't acquire them through his own endeavors
The Qur'an says: "Allah prescribes for your children: for a male is equal the portion of two female" (4:11). Since the husband is obliged to spend for the maintenance of the family, his share of inheritance amounts double of that of the woman. The Qur'an also seems to indicate that such a rule is not subject to change in relation to the wife's job by saying: "These are the limits set by Allah" (4:13). A woman can decide if she wants to work, and if she does, she can spend all of her money for herself without sharing it with her husband because of the obligation of the maintenance. The husband, however, cannot abandon his duty to provide for his family. Therefore it is not unreasonable that sons receive more inheritance than daughters. Obviously a good and pious family is bound also by mutual understanding, love and cooperation, and it is up to the husband and wife to reach agreements and divide their financial support and daily tasks according to their situation.
With prayers for your success.