Polygamy (from Late Greek πολυγαμία, polygamía, "state of marriage to many spouses") is the practice of marrying multiple spouses. When a man is married to more than one wife at a time, sociologists call this polygyny. When a woman is married to more than one husband at a time, it is called polyandry.
The two wives who were condemned in the verses 3, 4 and 5 in Sura 66 are Hafsa daughter of Omar and 'ayisha daughter of aabu Bakr. This fact is mentioned in Tasfeer al-Tabari and Tafseer al-Qurtubi, and all other Tafseer books.
Why did the Prophet not divorce them? Allah (SWT) wanted to make them a test for verifying the faith and obedience of Muslims. They became the leaders of the enemies of imam Ali (AS) especially in the battle of Camel. Real believers followed Imam Ali (AS) while many Muslims went astray by joining the army of A'yisha to fight against Imam Ali (AS).
Distinguishing good Muslims from others needed a leadership for the good Muslims which is the leadership of Imam Ali, and a leadership for others which was A'yusha, Hafsa and their group.
Thank you for your question. In our scriptural sources women are not encouraged to have these feelings as they are considered a blameworthy type of ghirah (when you want something only for yourself). They are feelings that are not validated. Similar to the feelings of jealousy and depression when someone doesn't want anyone to do better than them, it is not upon people to not do better than that person, but upon the person to control and work on themselves. As to the wisdom of allowing polygyny there is much wisdom, such that the feelings of the first wife in some cases is not enough of a reason to make it impermissible. Rather, the first wife has to control these tendencies and get used to the idea in the knowledge that this is something that God has allowed. At times, if polygyny is done with wisdom it can improve the situation of the first wife and the relationship between her and her husband.
These feelings are also enhanced by expectations and cultures, which are again not factors that influence permissibility as it is upon Muslims and Muslim society to create expectations and cultures in line with what is permissible and impermissible.
May you always be successful
The verse 33:33 was revealed informing about the Infallible progeny of the Prophet (SAWA). Hadith al-Kisaa' stated that the Prophet (SAWA ) kept the kisa (cloak) on Ali (as), Fatima (as), Hassan (as) and Hussain (as) and said: O Allah, theses are my Ahlul Bayt, so keep filth away from them and purify them real purification.. None of the wives of the Prophet was allowed to join them. This authentic Hadeeth is narrated in Sunni books like:
Saheeh Muslim 4450
Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal 2903 and 16374 and 25300 and 25339 and 25383 and 25521 and more.
Tirmithi 3129 and 3130 and 3719 and 3809.
Nasa'ee in Sunan Al-Kubra v.5 p.107 and v.5 p.112
al-Bayhaqi in Al-Sunan al-Kubba v.2, p.149 and v.2 p. 142
It was also narrated in Shia books by:
· Sheikh al-Tusi in his book al-Amaali
· Tafsir al-'Ayyashi
· Tafsir Furat al-Kufi
· Tafsir al-Qummi by Ali ibn Ibrahim
· The book of Sulaym ibn Qays
· Kitab al-Khisal by Sheikh al-Saduq
There are a few reasons, including:
* Modesty (regarding explicit subjects, the Qur'an tends to be more modest and address men specifically as well as use euphemisms, even if both men and women are intended)
* Generality (zawj/azwaj can be understood in some cases to mean "spouses" in general and not specifically "wives" as it is often translated)
* In some cases, it is specifically addressing men and speaking about women (for instance, the verse about zihar when it talks about men divorcing their wives via zihar)
So it really depends on the verse. A good resource to look at for varying interpretations of verses is _The Study Quran_ edited by S. H. Nasr.
Hope that helps!
This is indeed an important topic, and can be approached from different angles. One necessary point to mention is the difference of methodology of scrutinising narrations between the Usuli Shia scholars and the Akhbari Shia scholars. The would determine the form of how this question is answered. Of course, if we discuss this here it would become a very long reply, so I will keep the answer brief.
The narrations that point to Imam Hasan al-Mujtaba (a.s.) being a mizwāj or a mitlāq, which means someone who excessively marries (zawāj) and excessively gets divorced (talāq) is completely refuted and rejected by all our Usuli scholars, and for Akhbari scholars, they interpret it in a certain way, or withhold their opinion.
Indeed, the presnce of these fabircated narrations is was just another scheme played out by the evil Abbasid propaganda against Ahlul Bayt (a.s.).
Some of the number of ex-wives that have been mentioned are way beyond any rational acceptance, like 300, or even more.
Numerous Shia historians have discussed this, and refuted it all. Yes, there are mentioning of the Imam (a.s.) having up to 20 wives (taking the maximum number mentioned), but not all at once. This was something very common and normal at that time. We can also not verify exactly if this was the case, and whether some of the wives had more than one name, which meant that she was counted as being more than one, but in reality it was one person.
Please read this interesting article on this topic:
With prayers for your success.
This narration is not authentic because some of the narrators like (Mohammad Ibn Ziyad Ibn Easa) is unknown, hence the narration is not authentic at all.
as salam alaikum
it is not difficult for all men to convince their wives to have another wife and it is not difficult for all wives to accept an husband with more than one wife. Also, it is not necessary for all men to have more than one wife and in many cases it may be detrimental for them. People differs and sometimes there are situations that call for specific choices. For example the Qur'an says: "And if you fear that you will not be able to to justice to the orphan girls, then marry of women as may be agreeable to you two or three or four, but if you fear that you will not be able to deal equitably then one" (4:3).
With prayers for your success.
Yes, unless it is a special case, like her being ahl al-kitab or if she is his wife's niece.
However, do not be allured by the promise of secrecy. Women (almost) always know!
1. It is not allowed for a Muslim man to have more than one wife if he is unable to implement practical justice between them. Allah says in Quran : ( But if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with them, then only one wife) ( Sura 4, Verse 3).
2. The Muslim man must keep the respect of every one of his wives and never hurt feelings of any of them.
3. The acts of threesomes is not allowed in Islam at all. Any of his wives is not allowed to see other wife during intimate situation.
Threesomes are not allowed. (Sorry!) They can live in the same house but there should be some separation particularly during intimate times.
Thank you for your question. It is not necessary for the wives to know each other or be friends in a polygamous marriage in Islam.
May you always be successful