Polygamy (from Late Greek πολυγαμία, polygamía, "state of marriage to many spouses") is the practice of marrying multiple spouses. When a man is married to more than one wife at a time, sociologists call this polygyny. When a woman is married to more than one husband at a time, it is called polyandry.
There are a few reasons, including:
* Modesty (regarding explicit subjects, the Qur'an tends to be more modest and address men specifically as well as use euphemisms, even if both men and women are intended)
* Generality (zawj/azwaj can be understood in some cases to mean "spouses" in general and not specifically "wives" as it is often translated)
* In some cases, it is specifically addressing men and speaking about women (for instance, the verse about zihar when it talks about men divorcing their wives via zihar)
So it really depends on the verse. A good resource to look at for varying interpretations of verses is _The Study Quran_ edited by S. H. Nasr.
Hope that helps!
This is indeed an important topic, and can be approached from different angles. One necessary point to mention is the difference of methodology of scrutinising narrations between the Usuli Shia scholars and the Akhbari Shia scholars. The would determine the form of how this question is answered. Of course, if we discuss this here it would become a very long reply, so I will keep the answer brief.
The narrations that point to Imam Hasan al-Mujtaba (a.s.) being a mizwāj or a mitlāq, which means someone who excessively marries (zawāj) and excessively gets divorced (talāq) is completely refuted and rejected by all our Usuli scholars, and for Akhbari scholars, they interpret it in a certain way, or withhold their opinion.
Indeed, the presnce of these fabircated narrations is was just another scheme played out by the evil Abbasid propaganda against Ahlul Bayt (a.s.).
Some of the number of ex-wives that have been mentioned are way beyond any rational acceptance, like 300, or even more.
Numerous Shia historians have discussed this, and refuted it all. Yes, there are mentioning of the Imam (a.s.) having up to 20 wives (taking the maximum number mentioned), but not all at once. This was something very common and normal at that time. We can also not verify exactly if this was the case, and whether some of the wives had more than one name, which meant that she was counted as being more than one, but in reality it was one person.
Please read this interesting article on this topic:
With prayers for your success.
This narration is not authentic because some of the narrators like (Mohammad Ibn Ziyad Ibn Easa) is unknown, hence the narration is not authentic at all.
as salam alaikum
it is not difficult for all men to convince their wives to have another wife and it is not difficult for all wives to accept an husband with more than one wife. Also, it is not necessary for all men to have more than one wife and in many cases it may be detrimental for them. People differs and sometimes there are situations that call for specific choices. For example the Qur'an says: "And if you fear that you will not be able to to justice to the orphan girls, then marry of women as may be agreeable to you two or three or four, but if you fear that you will not be able to deal equitably then one" (4:3).
With prayers for your success.
Yes, unless it is a special case, like her being ahl al-kitab or if she is his wife's niece.
However, do not be allured by the promise of secrecy. Women (almost) always know!
1. It is not allowed for a Muslim man to have more than one wife if he is unable to implement practical justice between them. Allah says in Quran : ( But if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with them, then only one wife) ( Sura 4, Verse 3).
2. The Muslim man must keep the respect of every one of his wives and never hurt feelings of any of them.
3. The acts of threesomes is not allowed in Islam at all. Any of his wives is not allowed to see other wife during intimate situation.
Threesomes are not allowed. (Sorry!) They can live in the same house but there should be some separation particularly during intimate times.
Thank you for your question. It is not necessary for the wives to know each other or be friends in a polygamous marriage in Islam.
May you always be successful