Scholars have not agreed upon how the body, soul and spirit are interconnected. Due to the Neoplatonic influences upon the Islamic tradition, some have come to believe that the body is like a shell consisting purely of matter, and that the soul yearns to be free of it to return back to its Creator (a whole stream of thought and practice in the mystical tradition has arisen based upon this idea, e.g. see the work of Shihabuddin Suhrawardi). Others, such as Mulla Sadra, say the body is a manifestation of the soul. However, still influenced by Neoplatonism, Mulla Sadra holds that, as the 'person' progresses through stages of purification, they move away from this material manifestation towards immateriality. Generally, among Muslim thinkers, the soul could be likened to the psyche. It is the part of ourselves that consists of desires, fears, and the characteristics that make up our personality. The Qur'an says that 'every soul (nafs) will taste death' (3:185). The Quran also talks about the experiences that we will have in the next world. The spirit is that which animates the body and gives it life. The spirit is also that which gives the soul life. Therefore, both will leave the body upon death, but it is the soul that experiences the trials and rewards of the next stage of existence.
Thank you for your question. The highest spiritual status for an individual is not defined as a specific station, as in the higher levels of spirituality as well as a vertical progression, there is a realization of a person's individual gifts. There is no competition as all are different flowers in the same garden. The journey to God is unlimited and the highest stations have been expressed as a type of oneness, where the individual ego of the wayfarer is annihilated and they subsist in the subsistence of God. But writers in practical mysticism acknowledge that only so much can be expressed past this level. So in this sense, there is no limit to a person's status as the journey is an unlimited one and a time comes where it is no longer dependent on effort either.
As for our levels compared to the Prophet (saw) and the Infallibles (as), they are the ones who opened the ways for the rest of us to be wayfarers. All that wayfarers experience of true unveiling and station is part of the Full Muhammadan Unveiling. Their (as) status before Allah is something that is unimaginable and a person should seek to fulfill their own path by their (as) help rather than aim to equal or overtake them (as). Perhaps, an individual will be granted a place amongst their (as) most humble servants, in their never-ending journey to the Beloved.
May you always be successful
Thank you for your question. According to our understanding of the natural disposition of human beings, humans are intimately connected to reality as they are part of that very reality and not outside of it. So since the human is connected to God, they know Him within themselves and that is why the first step to religion is the recognition of God. The path of Islam is also sometimes described as the path of natural disposition and that is because it is a path that develops that initial flame of connection into a burning fire in the smoothest and most beautiful manner.
May you always be successful
The claim of Darwin in evolution is not correct. Many scientists refuted his claim and written books proving his claim to be not authentic and not scientifically established.
Allah (SWT) mentioned in Quran how first human being (Adam) was created from clay and granted spirit from Allah then immediately existed in this life.
There is no question of evolution of man from other animals.
The Prophetic Hadeeth says: Allah has created Adam on the existing shape of human beings.
Human life is based since its start from time of Adam and Eve and continuing on the marriage between man and woman. With out this clean and instinct relation of marriage between man and woman, no life can continue.
Losing attraction in opposite gender and feeling attracted to same gender is an abnormal situation which needs to be dealt with by specialist psychiatrists.
Sexual attraction can be deviated and go in wrong direction as we see some abnormal persons feel attracted to a married woman or a close family member or even to an animal. This means that not every attraction is legitimate but it can be wrong and sinful even if some people think it normal.
The person who feels such abnormal attraction needs to deal with himself to understand and treat the reasons and seek help and advice from specialists and trusted scholars.
No doubt, the believer in Allah, the Prophet and Ahlul Bayt should read what the holy texts said about such feelings and acts and why such acts are mentioned in holy texts as major sin which led to destroying Communities which used to do it as we read in Quran about people during the time of Prophet Lut.
as salam alaikum
the Qur'an says: "Say:- I am but a human being like you. It has been revealed to me that your God is only One God-" (18:110).
We can deduce from this verse that the Prophet was a human being like us. At the same time, it is said that it was revealed to him that Allah is only one God so in that sense he was not like any of us as Allah spoke to him through revelation.
Also, the Qur'an says that the most honorable of us in the sight of Allah is the most God-wary (49:13) and this makes the holy Prophet above any other believer.
With prayers for your success.
The Quranic verses about the creation of Adam (AS), the great grand father of all human beings are very clear that Allah (SW) has created Adam from clay and told him: Be, and he became a human being.(Sura 3, Verse 59)
No question at all of human beings being from apes as Darwinism claims.
The Darwinism claimed things which are being increasingly doubted and rejected by many scientists.
Quran and authentic Hadeeths are very clear that Allah (SWT) created Adam from clay as human being and not from any other animal.
It is Not correct at all to claim that the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) was the least imperfect human.
There is not a single evidence about any imperfectness is the life of Prophet (SAWA).
The Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) is the Most Perfect Human and The best of All the Prophets.
It depends on the way of using the vaccine.
If such vaccine is to be taken orally, it will Haraam to consume it.
But if it is not taken orally but injected in the body or dropped in the nose with out letting it go inside the stomach, then it will be allowed.
Cremation of any human body is not allowed in Islam because every human being is dignified as a human being. No circumstance can allow cremation of human body.
According to the Qur'an and hadith, Shaytan is an immaterial entity who affects people through influencing their hearts and minds.
(By "immaterial", I mean that he is not composed of the same physical material as objects around us. The Qur'an and hadith say that humans are composed of earth, jinn of fire, and angels of light. The prevalent understanding from the Qur'an is that Shaytan is a jinn, although there is a minority view that he was created as an angel. So he is made of something, he is just not made of the same physical substances that we interact with.)
Qur'an 6:122 speaks of shayateen (those who serve the interests of Shaytan) who are humans and jinn. This indicates that human beings themselves can carry out the will of Shaytan without him actually being present in physical form. It also indicates that, when it comes to Shaytan and shayateen, there is a real division between human and non-human beings and it is not metaphorical.
In any case, from that, it is clear that Shaytan does not need to be here in human form to do the job. A commander who can send a footsoldier does not need to show up himself.
In fact, human beings do not even need Shaytan to cause evil! We have the capacity for immense good and immense evil on our own.
There are some rare cases in the Qur'an where immaterial entities briefly appear as humans, such as when the angel Gabriel appears to the Virgin Mary, but it is not the norm.
Also, Allah protects the believers from Shaytan.
So while there are some humans that I might identify as Shaytan (no names here!), the Qur'an lends itself to a more literal interpretation of Shaytan as a wholly non-human being rather than as a someone who is a human or walks around in human form.
Islam gives human life the highest degree of importance and considers it is sacred. That is why we find many Quranic verses and Hadeeths encouraging marriage and having children.
The term of " overpopulation" is not accepted by us at all. Who has the right to put limits to population then to claim that it is over?
If sources are utilized properly, there will be no question of overpopulation. Islam encourage utilizing the sources in better ways which will improve he quality of billions of human beings.
Islam emphasize on the quality of life which is possible through fair distribution of the sources among people and filling the gap between poor and rich through Justice.
Those who claim overpopulation in the western media don't act against wasting millions of tons of food committed by big western companies and governments just to gain more profits ignoring he need f millions of poor human beings.
If the sources are maintained and distributed in a just and fair way, no human being will remain in need, as Imam Ali (AS) said: No poor person starves but because of the selfishness of a rich.
Islam not only encourages Muslims to have more children, but asks them to look after their children in a proper way and bring them up in the best environments and treatment as much as possible.