The Quranic verses about the creation of Adam (AS), the great grand father of all human beings are very clear that Allah (SW) has created Adam from clay and told him: Be, and he became a human being.(Sura 3, Verse 59)
No question at all of human beings being from apes as Darwinism claims.
The Darwinism claimed things which are being increasingly doubted and rejected by many scientists.
Quran and authentic Hadeeths are very clear that Allah (SWT) created Adam from clay as human being and not from any other animal.
It is Not correct at all to claim that the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) was the least imperfect human.
There is not a single evidence about any imperfectness is the life of Prophet (SAWA).
The Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) is the Most Perfect Human and The best of All the Prophets.
It depends on the way of using the vaccine.
If such vaccine is to be taken orally, it will Haraam to consume it.
But if it is not taken orally but injected in the body or dropped in the nose with out letting it go inside the stomach, then it will be allowed.
Cremation of any human body is not allowed in Islam because every human being is dignified as a human being. No circumstance can allow cremation of human body.
According to the Qur'an and hadith, Shaytan is an immaterial entity who affects people through influencing their hearts and minds.
(By "immaterial", I mean that he is not composed of the same physical material as objects around us. The Qur'an and hadith say that humans are composed of earth, jinn of fire, and angels of light. The prevalent understanding from the Qur'an is that Shaytan is a jinn, although there is a minority view that he was created as an angel. So he is made of something, he is just not made of the same physical substances that we interact with.)
Qur'an 6:122 speaks of shayateen (those who serve the interests of Shaytan) who are humans and jinn. This indicates that human beings themselves can carry out the will of Shaytan without him actually being present in physical form. It also indicates that, when it comes to Shaytan and shayateen, there is a real division between human and non-human beings and it is not metaphorical.
In any case, from that, it is clear that Shaytan does not need to be here in human form to do the job. A commander who can send a footsoldier does not need to show up himself.
In fact, human beings do not even need Shaytan to cause evil! We have the capacity for immense good and immense evil on our own.
There are some rare cases in the Qur'an where immaterial entities briefly appear as humans, such as when the angel Gabriel appears to the Virgin Mary, but it is not the norm.
Also, Allah protects the believers from Shaytan.
So while there are some humans that I might identify as Shaytan (no names here!), the Qur'an lends itself to a more literal interpretation of Shaytan as a wholly non-human being rather than as a someone who is a human or walks around in human form.
Islam gives human life the highest degree of importance and considers it is sacred. That is why we find many Quranic verses and Hadeeths encouraging marriage and having children.
The term of " overpopulation" is not accepted by us at all. Who has the right to put limits to population then to claim that it is over?
If sources are utilized properly, there will be no question of overpopulation. Islam encourage utilizing the sources in better ways which will improve he quality of billions of human beings.
Islam emphasize on the quality of life which is possible through fair distribution of the sources among people and filling the gap between poor and rich through Justice.
Those who claim overpopulation in the western media don't act against wasting millions of tons of food committed by big western companies and governments just to gain more profits ignoring he need f millions of poor human beings.
If the sources are maintained and distributed in a just and fair way, no human being will remain in need, as Imam Ali (AS) said: No poor person starves but because of the selfishness of a rich.
Islam not only encourages Muslims to have more children, but asks them to look after their children in a proper way and bring them up in the best environments and treatment as much as possible.
This is a verse in the Quran. (Quran 2:191)
The revelation (wahy) is the communication of Allah to His prophets. In particular, the Qur'an is the unaltered word of Allah descended to His last Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him and his family, as a reminder and a guidance for mankind. The word of Allah is very important for us because it is His message to His servants. Also, through revelation Allah gives His commands and prohibitions. Human intellect may understand general instructions (like the importance of prayer, the duty of respecting the elders, etc...) but it is not able to grasp all the particulars of the path leading human being to salvation. Therefore he needs a revelation. For example, the intellect cannot tell us the details about prayer, fasting, pilgrimage, etc. and we need the revelation to know them. The words of Allah are a continuous guidance for human beings: the recitation and memorization of the holy Qur'an guide the heart of believers towards awareness, piety, goodness, success in this world and Hereafter. Indeed there are too many benefits derived from the revelation of Allah, "and if you should count the favors of Allah, you could not enumerate them" (16:18).
With prayers for your success.
In our societies over the last few decades, the pursuit of individual freedom has been promoted and encouraged; but this has tended to lean over into narcissism and selfishness and a lack of awareness about the needs of our fellow human beings around us. furthermore, freedom without knowledge is of no use. We don't have much of a wisdom tradition in our societies anymore. Islam is a wisdom tradition that provides the seeker with the knowledge of how to manage life's challenges.
Islam encourages the fulfilling of rights towards others: the rights of parents, of children, of animals, of plants. Its vision is that we are part of a social network and that interacting with other human beings in a way that fulfils their rights and fulfils the needs of justice requires proper study, learning and practice.
Islam teaches a different kind of freedom: freedom from of the vicissitudes of life. It teaches detachment from worldly desires so that one is not a slave to the world, nor to one's desires.
It teaches the importance of dignity, and also the importance of standing up to tyranny. One can be 'anti-establishment' without destroying oneself.
The banning of all intoxicants prevents the potentially vulnerable from killing themselves or slipping into alcoholism.
It establishes a brotherhood based upon ethical behaviour and spiritual bonds. The bond between Muslims is sacred.
It teaches reliance on the Transcendent, which in turn cultivates courage in the face of difficulties. Shi'i Islam in particular teaches about the importance of cultivating the intellect; of being an intelligent believer. Islam is against blind following of beliefs.
It teaches about a 'deeper way of being' where the spiritual aspect of the human being is central to our life in the world. It has many methods for enhancing our spiritual sense.
It is a disciplined way of life that provides stability in world where, outside of one's working routine, one could otherwise be in total chaos - as social life has often been since the 1970s.
It is about facing the reality of life and death and preparing oneself for a journey into the next world.
It teaches men and women to treat each other with respect; lude jesting is prohibited, as is any touching between unrelated men and women. This means that either sex does not have to tolerate verbal abuse which is often dismissed as 'office banter', or physical abuse either.
Our children today live in an adult's world and are exposed to everything that adults indulge in, and that is because adults have put the pursuit of their freedom first, which has led to an unconsciousness and unawareness of the kind world that has been created for children. The care of and attention towards children is of prime importance in Islam.
These are just some introductory points.
Thank you for your question. Islam sees human beings as endowed with the potential to reach the highest levels of perfection and as such charts a path for them to reach that perfection.
If someone is able to understand and practice the teachings of Islam, it will enable them to rise above their current situation and pursue a path of purity, balance, sincerity, and righteousness, through purification of the heart and the development of the illuminated intellect.
But a human's responsibility to better themselves in Islam is not all that makes them better human beings. They also have a responsibility to help those around them and society at large.
By improving themselves and having a positive effect on those around them they secure happiness in this world and the hereafter.
May you always be successful
To begin with, this is an interesting paper: https://ijwr.ut.ac.ir/article_54600_77e74aa55a96f6f66183458935b59ff6.pdf
Will answer further iA.