Tarawih (Arabic: تراويح) refers to extra prayers performed by Sunni Muslims at night, after Isha prayer during the holy month of Ramadhan.
Taraweeh is a Bid'ah created in the year 14 after Hijra by Umar ibn Khttab. Umar himself called it Bid'ah ( Saheeh Bukhari; Hadeeth number1871 and Saheeh Muslim ; Hadeeth number 1219 , and Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal ; Hadeeth number 22944, and a Sunan Abi Dawood; 1143, and al-Mowatta'bby Malik ibn Ana's; 243, and Sunan al-Tirmithi ; 403, Sunan al-Kubba by al-Bayhaqi ; V.7, P. 62 and Saheeh ibn Hibban , V.6, P. 186 and many other Sunni books of Hadeeth).
imam Ali (AS) was always against every Bid'ah. He had clearly refused this practice and condemned it. When he had the government in his hand, he prevented people from Taraweeh and told them that no congregational prayer in Islam but the obligatory prayers but many of them said: It is Sunnah of Umar and we won't leave a Sunnah of Umar.( Al-Kafi 8:58).
Tahajjud is a great recommended worship for every night of the whole year. It is also called Salat Al-Layl or Namaz Shab. It is performed individually and not with congregation. Umar Ibn al-Khattab ordered during his government to pray Tahajjud with congregation which was then called Taraweeh.
Taraweeh is a Bid'ah which was never practiced by the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) but was initiated by Omar Ibn al-Khattab in year 14 after Hijra.
as salam alaikum
according to the fiqh of Ahl al-Bayt prayer without connected lines is not valid and therefore it is not permissible to pray along with others on TV or online. It is good to keep your atmosphere pure and simply to focus on and get the best from your relationship with Allah during your acts of worship, especially away from such modern devices.
Furthermore, in our view it is sunnah of the Prophet to pray supererogatory prayers at home. This view was supported also by Imam Malik and Imam Shafi'i (according to some reports) and Abu Yusuf al-Hanafi.
With prayers for your success.
Taraweeh which is done nowby many Muslims was never performed by he Prophet Muhammad (SAWA), that is why you find that Umar Ibn Al-Khattab called it Bid'ah (Bukhari and Muslim).
The recommended Prayer is called Tahajjud which should be performed individually.
If some one forgets reciting Sura Al-Hamd, the Salaat is valid, but if he deliberately leaves reciting the Al-Hamd, then his Salaat is invalid.
Taraweeh is an innovation according to Shia jurisprudence so you MUST not go for it
Shaykh Mansour Leghaei has responded to a similar question as follows:
"The time of the caliphate of Imam Ali (as) was one of the hardest periods in the history of early Islam. For the first time in history, three civil wars were imposed on Imam Ali (as). During the periods of the previous Caliphs several innovations had occurred and were practiced for over two decades, among which was ‘Taraweeh’. Imam Ali (as) had to stabilise the country from all the rebels on the one hand, and correct all the innovations occurring on the other. Undoubtedly, fighting the rebels was a paramount priority.
Shaykh al-Kulayni in an authentic narration quoted a long narration in which Imam Ali (as) listed numbers of innovations and how much he tried to stop Muslims from practicing them. As for ‘Taraweeh’ the holy Imam says:
“By Allah! I ruled that people should not offer any prayers in congregation other than obligatory ones. I informed them that offering the recommended prayers in congregation is an innovation. Then some of my soldiers who were fighting for me cried: ‘O Muslims! The tradition of Umar is getting changed as he (i.e. Ali) forbids us to offer the recommended prayers in groups.’ I was therefore concerned that part of my army revolt against me.” (al-Kaafi, vol. 8 p.63)
There is no authentic narration that Imam Ali (as) ever appointed anyone to lead their Taraweeh, nor that he ever endorsed it. He just gave up on them temporarily for a more important matter (i.e. fighting the rebels). Nowhere in the narrations was there a sentiment of the Taraweeh ‘being more or less spiritual’. It was all about ‘following a tradition set by Umar versus the Prophetic tradition’. Similarly, there is no authentic narration that Imam Ali (as) ever asked them to choose a leader to offer Taraweeh congregationally."
See full article here - http://www.askthesheikh.com/did-imam-ali-allow-taraweeh-prayers/
If a person has missed Fajr prayers and still should make-up for them, it is possible for him to join the Tarawih prayers during the month of Ramadan with such intention. His prayers would count as Qada prayers and not Tarawih. However keep in mind that congregational Tarawih prayers as we see nowadays in Sunni masjids were not performed by the Prophet in that fashion.
With prayers for your success.