Mawlid or Mawlid al-Nabi al-Sharif (مَولِد النَّبِي mawlidu n-nabiyyi, "Birth of the Prophet", sometimes simply called in colloquial Arabic مولد mawlid, mevlid, mevlit, mulud among other vernacular pronunciations; sometimes ميلاد mīlād) is the observance of the birthday of Prophet Muhammad which is commemorated in Rabi' al-awwal, the third month in the Islamic calendar. 12th Rabi' al-awwal is the accepted date among most of the Sunni scholars, while Shi'a scholars regard 17th Rabi' al-awwal as the accepted date.
Dates of birth are taken from narrations. Even there are different dates of the birth in Sunni books. Some Sunni scholars like ibn abdul Barr and al-Waaqidi . Al-Seira Al-Nabawiyyah by ibn Katheer said the Prophet was born on second of Rabaul Awwal ( not on the 12th)Ibn Abdul Barr in his book Al-Estee'aab. This has been mentioned in al-aseerah al-Nabawiyyah by ibn Katheer, v.1, p.199.
Some Sunni scholars said the Prophet was born on the eighth of Rabi,ul Awwal like Ibn Hazm and al-Zohri and al-Khawarizmi.
Other Sunni scholars said it was on the tenth of Rabi'ul Awwal like Ibn Dihyah and ibn Asaakir and al-Shi'bi.
Sime Sunni scholars narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) was born in month of Ramadan or month of Safar. So,bayou see many different Sunni narrations in this matter.
We,v the followers of Ahlul Bayt (AS) have taken the most authentic narrations from Ahlul Bayt (AS) which is 17 Rabi'ul Awwal.
Taraweeh is a Bid'ah بِدعَة and every Bid'ah is deviation and every deviation is in the hellfire as the famous Hadeeth narrated in Sunni books like Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal and other books. Taraweeh created by Omar ibn al-Khattar as a new way of worship which was never allowed by the Prophet of Islam. Even Omar ibn Al-Khattab called it a Bid'ah as in Saheeh Al-Bukhari, Hadeeth number 2010.
Celebrating the birth anniversary of the Prophet (SAWA) and Ahlul Bayt (AS) is expressing noble feelings in a happy occasion. Even the Prophet was celebrating his birthday on Monday by fasting as it is narrated from him. Allah told the Prophet (SAWA) to celebrate the birth of his daughter Fatima. (Sura Al-Kawthar).
A short answer is, bid'ah is most strongly rejected when it comes to formal acts of worship. Performing mustahabb prayers differently from how the Prophet (S) taught it is a difference in formal acts of worship and is therefore inappropriate.
Although celebrating the Prophet's birthday can be considered devotional, it is not a shariah-prescribed act of worship like performing types of salat; it is more of a customary thing.
I am sure others will give a long answer! :)
Yes it is not only allowed but also highly recommended to celebrate the birth of the most humble servants of Allah who guided people to the Right path and enlightened life of millions of people. The Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) is the greatest human being who guided billions of people to the way of real noble life in this world and hereafter. He was ordered by Allah (SWT) to celebrate the birth of his daughter (So, pray to Your Lord and Sacrifice) Sura 108, verse 2.
Those Wahabis who claim that it is not permissible to celebrate the birth anniversary of the Prophet celebrated the anniversary of their Wahabi state.
Muslims love the Prophet more than any one else and feel happy when they remember him, that it why Muslims celebrated and still celebrate this happy anniversary. Many scholars wrote books in support of this good practice.
Even the Prophet (SAWA) used to celebrate his birthday which was on Monday by fasting on Monday.
Yes. The Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) used to fast the day of his birth which teaches us to celebrate his birthday. The Hadeeths that he used to fast his day of birth are mentioned in many Sunni books like ( Saheeh Muslim, al-Bayhaqi, al-Tirmithi, Ibn Maajah, Al- Nasaa'ee, Ahmad ibn Hanbal and many others.).
'Sunni books narrated also that the Prophet (SAWA) used to celebrate the birthdays of pervious prophets like Moosa. This is another evidence that celebrating his birth anniversary is very good and a prophetic Practice ((Sunna).
We have narrations that the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) used to fast on Monday because it was his birthday in the week. ( Saheeh Muslim, Hadeeth number 1162). Celebrating our birthday should be in this prophetic way to thank Allah (SWT) that He created us and thank His great bounties on us. Celebrating of birthday should not make the person feel proud or think whatever he has is because of his own smartness forgetting the real source of all bounties, Allah (SWT).
Celebrating our birthdays must be thank giving and practicing humbleness. Fasting is a very good way to thank Allah Who created us as well as giving charity and being more nice to our parents and relatives.
The main aim of celebrating the birth anniversaries of the Prophet (SAWA) and his Holy Progeny Ahlul Bayt (AS) is to make us reconfirm our allegiance to them and to make us more near to them and follow their teachings. The best way to celebrate can be by:
1. Checking to be sure that our life and daily practices are according to the teachings of the Prophet (SAWA) and Ahlul Bayt (AS). We need to check our behavior and life style and compare it with what the Prophet (SAWA) and Ahlul Bayt (AS) want us to do.
2. Being sure that our life does not have any behavior which goes against the teachings of the Prophet (SAWA) and Ahlul Bayt (AS).
3. Trying our best to convey the message of the Prophet (SAWA) and Ahlul Bayt (AS) to others especially those who do not know enough about it or those Muslims who do not cae to practice Islamic teachings.
4. Inviting non Muslims to read and know more about the teachings of the Prophet (SAWA) and Ahlul Bayt (AS) and providing them useful publications, links, materials , etc.
5. Sharing he happiness with our families, friends and especially the poor people. Making believers happy will make the Prophet (SAWA) and Ahlul Bayt (AS) happy.
These are just few examples.
Thank you for your question. A day of celebration is that in which you are able to worship and serve Allah. On the birthday of the Prophet (saw) send copious blessings on him (saw) and his family (as). Serve your Muslim brothers and sisters and thank Allah for the blessing of the Prophet (saw) by working towards the goals he was sent to guide towards.
May you always be successful
It is authentic in both Sunni and Shia books that the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) celebrated the birth of his grand children, Hasan, Husain and Zainab.
Celebrating the birth anniversary of the twelve Imams is highly recommended as it reminds us with the great teachings of Islam for which the whole life of the twelve Imams was dedicated and sacrificed.
1. The Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) himself use to celebrate his birth by fasting every Monday being the day of his birth.
The Infallible Imams used to celebrate and encourage the believers to celebrate through performing recommended deeds and acts on the day of the birth anniversary like fasting, performing Ghusl, Ziyarat etc.
2. We do not have any evidence on celebrating the birthday of children or adults except of the Infallible and great personalities with them.