The ʿUmrah (Arabic: عُمرَة) is an Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, Hijaz, Saudi Arabia, performed by Muslims that can be undertaken at any time of the year, in contrast to the Ḥajj (Arabic: حَـجّ) which has specific dates according to the Islamic lunar calendar. In Arabic, ‘Umrah means "to visit a populated place." In the Sharia, Umrah means to perform Tawaf round the Ka‘bah (Arabic: كَـعْـبَـة, 'Cube'), and Sa'i between Safa and Marwah, both after assuming Ihram (a sacred state). Ihram must be observed once traveling by land and passing a Miqat like Zu 'l-Hulafa, Juhfa, Qarnu 'l-Manāzil, Yalamlam, Zāt-i-'Irq, Ibrahīm Mursīa, or a place in al-Hill.
Umrah is a very important worship which can be performed during any month in the year, not like Hajj which has its special time in the month of Thil Hijjah. Umrah Mofradah includes Tawaaf around the Ka'ba and Sa'ee between Safa and Marwah which was performed by all the Prophets and Unfallible Imams.
Umrah Mofradah has been mentioned in authentic Hadeeths and reward of it is the forgiveness of all the sins.
When you are able to perform Hajj, then it becomes compulsory on you to perform Hajj with out any delay even if you have not been to Umrah. In fact Hajj consists of two parts, the first is Umra Tamattu' and the second is Hajj Tamattu'.
It is not necessary for a man to bare his right shoulder during Tawaf. This is usually done by some Muslims who do not follow Ahlul Bayt (AS).
In state of Ehraam, it is necessary for man to avoid wearing any stitched cloth as it is forbidden on men during the state of Ehraam to wear any stitched cloth.
Umrah has very clear and easy steps:
1. Wearing and starting the state of Ehram from Meeqaat which is any designated place for starting the Ehram. The Niyyah ( intention) should Ehram for Umrah Mofradah.
2. Performing Tawaf of Umrah Mofradah seven times around the Ka'ba.
3. Performing two Rak'at Salat al-Tawaf behind Maqam Ebramim.
4. Sa'ee ( walking) between Safa and Marwah seven times starting from Safa and ending in Marwah which is one round, then from Marwah to Safa, which will be the second round, then from Safa to Marwah and then back till completing the seventh round on Marwah.
5. Taqseer which cutting any part from your hair.
6. Tawaf Annisaa' which is shaven rounds around the Ka'ba.
7. Salat al-Tawaf behind Maqam Ebrahim.
There is a difference between Hajj and Umrah . Hajj is obligatory once in life while Umrah is recommended.
If Hajj has become obligatory on you (i.e. you are able financially and physically to perform Hajj) then it is obligatory on you to perform Hajj same year with out any delay even if your husband is not willing to perform it now. You will not be allowed to postpone performing Hajj because of your husband or any other reason as Hajj is Obligatory on you. You can join any trusted group of Hajj and go with them.
If our husband does not allow you to go for Umrah, you should obey him because Umrah is not obligatory but Mustahab (Recommended).
We should not conflate the reward of the Ziyaras or Hajj. Performing one does not mean we should not perform the other. Hajj has its specific times and the Ziyara of Imam Hussayn has a specific time. If you can afford to perform both, that would be great. Keep in mind, those who perform Hajj will also have the opportunity to visit RasulAllah, FatimaZahra, and the Imams in Baqee'.
The treaty of Hudaibiyyah aimed to save Muslims from the harm of the Infidels of Quraish. Fighting with the Infidels of Quraish at that time and situation was not useful at all for Muslims, that is why the Prophet (SAWA) made that treaty to safeguard the interest of Islam and Muslims.
The Treaty of Hudaybiyyah is very important event in the history of early Islam. After the signing of the treaty, the Quraysh of Mecca no longer considered Muhammad to be a rebel or a fugitive from Mecca. It also allowed the Muslims who were still in Makkah to practice Islam freely. In addition, the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah paved the way for many other tribes to make treaties with the Muslims and many Arab tribes to become near to Islam and ultimately become Muslims.
It is not permissible for men during the state of Ehraam (Hajj or Umra) to travel in a covered vehicle during day time or when it is raining. This is according to all the scholars. Many scholars including Ayatullah Sistani say that it is permissible for men to travel in covered vehicle during night if there is no rain.
Women can travel in covered vehicle any time.
Obligatory Hajj is Must on every Muslim who can perform it and no other worship can replace it. Visitation to Karbala is very great but not in stead of obligatory Hajj.
Visitation of Imam Husain (AS) in Karbala is greater in reward than recommended Hajj and Umra.
The Haj is wajib to perform for a person who is able (mustati').
Despite the very regrettable action of the regime in power in the region, our Maraje' have not guided otherwise.
The constant Shi'a presence is vital in this global gathering of Muslims and you should go if as soon as you are able.
Among the calamities that have befell the Muslim Ummah is that oppressors have usurped positions and taken control of holy places. This dates all the way back to the Umayyad Dynasty.
As you have read, during a certain time in the Abassid era, Ziyarah of Imam Husain (a.s.) was restricted, and if one was to visit they would have to offer their hand to be cut off. People still went. They sacrificed everything to keep holy places full of the true followers of Islam.
This is how we need to think of visiting the holy land of Meccah and Medinah. If we vacate it from our presence, it will further strengthen the enemies of Islam. It is for this reason that all our Jurists, and throughout history, have always said Hajj is wajib should one meet the fiqhi requirements of 'Istita'ah.
I believe it is a wrong misconception that performing Hajj pilgrimage validates the Saudi regime, or any other fallacy arguments that would deprive one from performing their Wajib obligation.
Please re-think your decision, and refer to the juristic views of our Fuqaha' in regards to the obligation of Hajj, and how we will be able to contribute so much by our presence in the holy land of Meccah and Medina.
And Allah knows best.