Travel

Travel is the movement of people between distant geographical locations. Travel can be done by foot, bicycle, automobile, train, boat, bus, airplane, ship or other means.

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 3 months ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. With many of the issues in the sections on worship in Islamic law we do not necessarily understand the logic of the rulings as Islamic law is not derived that way (through independent rational speculation). It is derived from an examination of the scriptural sources according to methods that are discussed extensively in the science of the principles of jurisprudence. Sometimes, we can have an idea of the wisdom behind certain rulings, but in many cases, our actions are based on the purport of those sources.

This is one such case in which the logic is not known, but it could be rationally inferred that perhaps the wisdom behind it is that since the time of travel is earlier, and since God doesn't want the traveller to go through too much difficulty, they are required to break their fast, whereas if a person travels after zuhur the time till breaking fast is less and so it is not so difficult for them to complete it and therefore they are required to do so.

May you always be successful

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 6 months ago

Yes, we are allowed to perform recommended prayers while traveling in a bus or train etc. Being recommended prayers performed in moving, it will not be compulsory to face the Qibla during the move.

Obligatory Prayers require us to be steady and not moving, unless there is no way that we can stop the train or the bus etc and the time of the prayer can finish during the journey before we stop, then it will be allowed to perform the obligatory prayers while traveling, but we need to face the Qibla as far as we can.

Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 6 months ago

As you travel every day for work, you must perform you Salah as full in both places, your home and your work place. Every one who travels for work three days a week or more, his Salah is full.

Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 7 months ago

1. Salatul Jum'a is not obligatory on the traveler.

2. Even if you are not a traveler, but do not know the place of Salatul Jum'a, you just pray Dhuhr prayer as soon as the time of it starts.

3. If Salatul Jum'a is far away from you, it will not be obligatory on you but to pray Dhuhr.

Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 1 year ago

It is not permissible for men during the state of Ehraam (Hajj or Umra) to travel in a covered vehicle during day time or when it is raining. This is according to all the scholars. Many scholars including Ayatullah Sistani say that it is permissible for men to travel in covered vehicle during night if there is no rain.

Women can travel in covered vehicle any time.

Wassalam

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answer updated 1 year ago

Traveler is not only exempted from fasting but he can not fast during the Month of Ramadan. Despite this exemption, eating and drinking in public during the day of month of Ramadan must be avoided. It can be forbidden (Haraam) if it amounts to violating the sanctity of the month of Ramadan or making people disrespect the obligation of fasting during this month or encouraging any one not to fast.

Wassalam

Mohammad Al-Musawi

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Abolfazl Sabouri, Abolfazl Sabouri is based in New Zealand and has an MA in Jurisprudence and Islamic Studies. He is a graduate of Elmiyeh seminary in Qom with more than 15 years of study and research where he has... Answered 1 year ago

As the ulama say, if it is with the permission of the husband, it is not Haram. 

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answer updated 1 year ago
Thank you for your question. If this is a one off one day travel then if your outward and return journey together amounts to 44 Kilometres and you do not return before zuhr, without doing anything to invalidate your fast, then you must not fast on the day of your journey. But you must not also break your fast if you travel after fajr and before zuhr until you have passed the permitted limit (definition below). 
Below are the applicable rules according to the verdicts of Ayatullah Sistani. If there is still any confusion regarding your specific circumstances plz refer to the book Islamic Laws translated by Mohammad Ali Ismail in the sections of prayer for a traveller and  laws of fasting for a traveller where the rulings are explained in greater detail.
May you always be successful 
Ruling 1683. A traveller must not fast if his obligation on a journey is to perform the four unit (rakʿah) prayers as two rakʿahs [i.e. in qaṣr form]. A traveller who performs his prayer in its complete (tamām) form - such as someone whose work is travelling, or someone whose journey is a sinful one - must fast on his journey.
Ruling 1690. If a fasting person travels after ẓuhr, he must, based on obligatory precaution, complete his fast; and in such a case, it is not necessary for him to make up that fast; and if he travels before ẓuhr, then based on obligatory precaution, he cannot fast on that day, particularly if he had made the intention to travel the night before. In any case, he must not do anything that invalidates a fast before reaching the permitted limit (ḥadd al-tarakhkhuṣ), otherwise kaffārah becomes obligatory on him. 
Ruling 1691. If a traveller in the month of Ramadan - whether he travelled before sunrise or he was fasting and then travelled - reaches his home town (waṭan) or a place where he intends to stay for ten days before ẓuhr, in the event that he did not do anything that invalidates a fast before reaching that place, he must, based on obligatory precaution, fast on that day and it is not obligatory on him to make it up; and if he did something that invalidates a fast before reaching that place, the fast of that day is not obligatory on 
him and he must make it up.
PRAYERS OF A TRAVELLER 
If the following eight conditions are fulfilled, a traveller must perform ẓuhr, ʿaṣr, and ʿishāʾ prayers in their shortened (qaṣr) form; i.e. he must perform them as two rakʿah prayers. 
First condition: the journey must not be less than eight farsakhs (approximately forty-four kilometres) [which is equal to approximately twenty-seven and a half miles]. 
Ruling 1304. The permitted limit is the place where the people of a town - including those who live on its outskirts and are considered to be residents of the town - cannot see a traveller; and its sign is that he cannot see the people of the town. 

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Masuma Jaffer, Dr Masuma Jaffer is a qualified dentist, with a Masters in Islamic Studies and has also attended Hawza in Qum. She obtained a PGCE - teaching qualification – and has taught Hawza studies at the... Answered 1 year ago

As you are traveling 5 days out of 7 for a year (20 days in a month) you are considered for that year to be khateer-e-safar (frequent traveler) and so you have to pray full and fast.

To become khateer-e-safar you are required to travel on average 10 days in a month