Jesus (c. 4 BC – c. AD 30 / 33), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader. He is the central figure of Christianity. Most Christians believe he is the incarnation of God the Son and the awaited Messiah (Christ) prophesied in the Old Testament. The Muslims believe Jesus to be a Prophet like Moses before him.
Allah, The Glorious, (SWT) has rescued him from the mob and raised him to the sky.( Sura 4, verses 157 and 158).
Allah (SWT) has ordained that Prophet Easa (AS) will come back to the earth and support and pray behind Imam Al-Mahdi (AS). This fact has been mentioned in Hadeeths narrated in Shia and Sunni books like :
1. Kaniz al-Ommaal , vol 6, page 30.
2. Yanabee’ al-Mawaddah by Al-Qondoozi al-Hanafi, 469.
3. Saheeh Ibn Hibban.
4. al-Tabaraani in Al-Mo’jam.
5. Hashiyat al-Fathbal-Mubeen.
6. Al-Sawa’q al-Mohriqah. And many other Sunni books.
Imam al-Mahdi (ATFS) is the 12th and last divine leader of the 12
divine Imams (AS) about whom the Holy Prophet (SAWA) informed that: My
successors will be the 12 Imams (AS) and all of them will be from
Quraish. In another Hadeeth, the Holy Prophet (SAWA) mentions that the
1st of them will be Ali (AS) and the last of them will be Imam
Imam al-Mahdi (ATFS) has been mentioned in hundreds of authentic
Hadeeths from the Holy Prophet (SAWA) narrated in both the Shia as well
as Sunni books. All Muslims believe that the authentic Hadeeths are
informing about the very important fact related to the future of the
world. Imam al-Mahdi (ATFS) is the promised saviour who will
establish the world wide state of justice and peace.
Imam al-Mahdi (ATFS) was born in Samarra in Iraq on 15th Sha’ban in
the year 255 Hijri under the tremendously dangerous political pressure
from the tyrannical Abbasid ruler who were expecting his birth and trying to
kill him. That is why he had to have 2 occultation – the minor one
which lasted about 70 years during which he used to communicate with
the Ummah via appointed persons called Safeers. He had Safeers one
after the other who were based in Baghdad. The 1st of them was known
as Usman bin Saeed, the 2nd was his son Mohammad bin Usman, the 3rd
was Husain bin Ruh and the 4th was Ali bin Mohammad al-Samari or
Before the death of the 4th Safeer, Imam al-Mahdi (ATFS) informed him
to inform the Ummah that there will be no nominated Safeer after him
as the major occultation will start during which the general deputy of
the Imam will be most pious scholars who gained from the knowledge of
the Ahlul Bayt (AS) and practiced it.
Imam is alive by the miracle of Allah (SWT) though his age now is 1185
years but it is the order of Allah (SWT) and we have in the history
that the lifespan of Prophet Nuh (AS) was 2500 years and also we
Muslims believe that al’Khidhr (AS) who was alive during
the time of Prophet Musa (AS) is still alive which means over 4000
Imam al-Mahdi (ATFS) during his major occultation meets and
guides people without letting them know and in rare cases for the very
pious, they know that its him but as the tyrant people are after his
life Allah (SWT) kept him away from their danger and his movements and
meetings are completely secret.
He will return back to the public life when Allah (SWT) permits him to
establish the worldwide state or peace and justice. He will declare
his reappearance from the Ka'aba in Makkah. His pious assistants will
be 313 from many parts of the worlds from male and female very pious
believers. He will also be supported by ten thousand pious believers
who will help him in managing the administration of the world.
No place in the world will remain away from the pan-state of justice
The time of his reappearance in public life is not known to us but we
believe it won’t be very far away from now as Allah (SWT) says in the Holy
Qur’an in Surah 70, Ayat 6 and 7(They see it too far and we see it not far)( انهم يرونه بعيدا ونراه قريبا)
Prophet Jesus (AS) is one of the five most important prophets who are
called Ulul-Azm. He is alive in the sky after Allah (SWT) saved him
from the criminal attempt of his enemies who wanted to crucify and
Prophet Jesus (AS) will be permitted by Allah (SWT) to come down to
the earth after the reappearance of the Imam al-Mahdi (ATFS) in public
life to support him. This is the main reason that Imam al-Mahdi (ATFS)
will not have any opposition from the Christian world.
Jesus (AS) is alive in the sky, s here is no question of resurrection.
What many Christians believe today does not mean necessarily the real teachings of Jesus (AS).
Truth must be said and no one knows The Full Truth more than Allah.
We must say what Allah (SWT) said in Qur'an. The Truth does change because of people.
Jesus (AS) did not die and he is still alive in the sky and will come back to the earth in the time of the re appearance of Imam Al-Mahdi (AS). This fact will make the Muslim World and Christian World closer to each other.
The first part of this question is really a question about the authenticity of the Qur'anic text: is it all as the Prophet Muhammad stated, or could anything have been added to it over the centuries?
Since, from the time of the Prophet, the Qur'an was heavily memorized and was transmitted by multiple transmitters, and was compiled early in Islamic history, it is unlikely that anything was added to it, as it would not have been accepted by the people. There was also a lot of strictness in copying the Qur'an. (This is in contrast to other historical manuscripts, which may easily have had interpolations) It is virtually impossible to find anyone who seriously argues that anything was added to the Qur'an after the time of the Prophet Muhammad.
For more information on the compilation of the Qur'an, you could consult Qur'anic Sciences by Abbas and Masuma Jaffer.
(From an Islamic theological perspective, the entire Qur'an is the word of God not specifically the Prophet, so technically this verse is seen as the word of God not the word of the Prophet; for the Prophet's style of speech, one could consult the hadith.)
As for Christianity itself... Certainly Christianity IS a world religion that is acknowledged as an existing religion in the Qur'an. There have been many interpretations of Christianity and ways that it is lived, and there were a number of sects in and around the Arabian Peninsula.
The Qur'an praises some aspects of Christianity and acknowledges it a religion of God, while at the same time it criticizes some beliefs or gives a different viewpoint. This is one of those differences and clearly it is a major theological difference, but it doesn't mean that Christianity as a whole has no truth or merit to it.
While the Qur'an teaches that all prophets before the time of Islam, including Jesus, taught the same message, it does not say that every religion that emerged was absolutely correct or identical. Even just considering Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, there are obviously major differences between them! Rather, the position of the Qur'an is that some people deviated from the teachings of their prophets or introduced incorrect beliefs or practices, and this is why there is variance in religions.
Every verse in Quran was revealed on the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) and he conveyed it exactly as it was revealed. The Prophet is infallible and he is the most truthful person. Whatever he conveyed was from Allah with out any doubt.
Jesus was never killed nor crucified by his enemies who did try to commit that crimes, but they failed because Allah (SWT) made the person who informed the enemies of Jesus to catch and kill him, Allah made him look like Jesus in shape, and saved Jesus and raised him to the sky. The enemies of Jesus killed and crucified that person (the informer) not Jesus.
This fact does not harm the validity of the real teachings of Christianity which in fact never said that Jesus was crucified, but it does invalidate the false claims of the enemies of Jesus.
Quran states that the enemies of Jesus attempted to kill and crucify him but they could not do so, as they caught and killed and crucified some one else who looked like him.( 4: 157).
Thank you for your question. The pre-eternal existence of the reality of the Prophet (saw) is understood from the traditions concerning the first creations that God created as being the Prophet (saw) and the Imams (as) (see al-Kafi (2) 443 for example). The rational theorization of what this means is derived from trying to understand how a limited world comes about from an unlimited Creator without that world being something completely separate from Him, as that would result in His limitation. To properly get to grasp with these kinds of questions and their theories a background in philosophy and theoretical mysticism is needed, but I hope that goes some way to answer the first part of your question.
As for the second part of your question, the issue of Jesus (as) being born in the material world before the birth of the Prophet (saw) is different from the ontological precedence of the reality of the Prophet (saw) over all of creation. The reality of the Prophet (saw) is not the material manifestation of the Prophet (saw), but it is his ontological reality as the first creation of God and the most unlimited of His creation. It is this reality that Jesus (as) too was a manifestation of.
May you always be successful.
Thank you for your question. The criteria to understand this statement is not the amount of Christians or Muslims as that would mean that another shared prophet, such as Ibrahim (as) would be the most beloved as Jews, Christians and Muslims all love prophet Ibrahim (as) for example. Rather, the Prophet (saw) being the most beloved creation can be understood in a couple of ways:
1) He (saw) is the most beloved creature to God, and since God has the greatest capacity to love, the Prophet (saw) is the most beloved creature of all time.
2) The pre-eternal reality of the Prophet (saw) is the source of existence of all that is good and so the whole of creation from its beginning to its end loves the Prophet (saw) including Jesus (as), whose very goodness and belovedness is derived from the belovedness of the Prophet (saw).
May you always be successful.
Long life gifted by Allah (SWT) to Jesus, Al-Khidhr and Imam Al-Mahdi (AS) does not mean does not mean that they will never die. Prophet Easa Jesus (AS) will definitely taste death when his life ends. The criticism is invalid.
There is no doubt for any one with minimum knowledge about the history of the different Jewish and Christian scriptures that they are not the original scriptures revealed on Moses and Jesus, but were compiled long time after them.
The different Torahs and different Bibles existing today are living evidence that the original scriptures are mot in the hands of people.
1. Qur'an is very clear that Jesus (Easa) (AS) was never killed nor crucified despite the criminal attempt of his enemies to kill and crucify him, but they killed and crucified a person who looked like him. (Al-Nisaa' 157).
2. Jesus was raised from the earth to the sky (Al-Nisaa' 158).
3. Jesus is still alive in the sky and will come down to the earth and will be a follower and supporter of Imam Al-Mahdi (AS).