Universe

The universe (Latin: universus) is all of space and time and their contents, including planets, stars, galaxies, and all other forms of matter and energy. While the spatial size of the entire universe is unknown, it is possible to measure the size of the observable universe, which is currently estimated to be 93 billion light-years in diameter. In various multiverse hypotheses, a universe is one of many causally disconnected constituent parts of a larger multiverse, which itself comprises all of space and time and its contents; as a consequence, ‘the universe’ and ‘the multiverse’ are synonymous in such theories.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 4 weeks ago

Our concept of day and night with us human beings, is not necessarily the same concept of day with Allah who Created every thing including the time before creating the earth and sky. Time was created before earth and sky and that time had got its day which is different from our day.

'Wassalam.

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 2 months ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. Time is a factor of the material world and of that which is connected to matter. It is a measure of the relationship between two objects. Like how long it takes for the earth to orbit the sun. So there is no meaning to time beyond the barzakh and the corporeal realm as there are no objects related to matter.

May you always be successful 

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 4 months ago

No doubt this world will end. This is clearly mentioned in Quran (in many verses) and Hadeeth. No one can claim that this world is eternal.

Wassalam.

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Amina Inloes, Amina Inloes is originally from the US and has a PhD in Islamic Studies from the University of Exeter on Shi'a hadith. She is the program leader for the MA Islamic Studies program at the... Answered 5 months ago

Interesting question!

A further answer from a different perspective:

The universe is a closed system and therefore caused by something outside itself (it is not something from nothing). 

However, a bacterium is not a closed system - it takes in energy and material from the outside, and uses this to reproduce. So therefore it a different situation. 

If it could originate itself or reproduce infinitely without feeding or requiring any materials or energy, this would be an example of self-causing its existence. (Thanfully this does not happen, or it we would be overwhelmed!)

Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 5 months ago

Who created that bacteria and every bacteria? Any one but Allah? Allah (SWT) is The only Creator of every thing. ( Sura 39, Verse 62). Allah created in every creature it's own system of reproduction.

Wassalam.

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 7 months ago

Bismillāh 

Thank you for your question. There is a metaphysical realm which comprises of a number of levels and in scriptural terms is called the Malakut. As for other universes in the physical realm, the discovery of that is the realm of science.

May you always be successful 

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 8 months ago

The Hujjat is must in every time, either publicly known or hidden from public for reasons, as Ameerul Mo'mineen (AS) said (Nahjul Balaghah, 497).

After Prophet Easa (AS) the Hujjat was Sham'oon Ibn Hammon al-Safa, then Yahya ibn Zakaria, the Munthir, then Sulaimah, then Burdah, then Muhammad (SAWA).(Amaali al-Tousi, 443)

In al-Kaafi 1:177 you can find many Hadeeths in this regard.

Khalib ibn Sinan has been mentioned as a prophet fifty years before Prophet Muhammad ( Rawdhat al-Kaafi 342).

Abu Talib (AS) was from deputies (AWSIYAA') after the prophets.

Ameerul Mo'mineen Ali (AS) was asked: Who was the last Wasi ( Deputy) before Muhammad? He replied: My father. Al-Ghadeer 7:389 from Dhiaul Alameen by al-Fotouni.

Wassalam.

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 1 year ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. The nature of hypothesizing is such that many things are hypothetically possible. However, the proofs for the existence of God, based on causality or on the nature of possibility and necessity are such that they only prove the existence of one first cause or one necessary being. In order to posit more than one God, there would need to be proof of that.

If the existence of God is derived from an inductive proof that there is order in the universe, then unless some Attributes of God are presupposed, the limitation of such an argument is that while it establishes the existence of a powerful, intelligent being, it does not prove that that being is One. Islamic philosophers do not seek to establish that from this proof either. But by the same token, it also doesn't establish more than one being and so that would have to be supposed. What it argues for is at least one being. However, what is misunderstood here is the conception of what is meant by the Oneness of God and assuming that it is numerical oneness rather than the lack of any limitation.

The Oneness of God is established through our conception of Him, and this is derived from the scriptural sources that describe Him as without limitations such that even the conception of a second is not possible. This method of argumentation is perfectly acceptable and is why the philosophy of religion discusses the conception of God before His existence as it is important to first know what is being established. In this sense, if God is unlimited, it is logically impossible for there to be two or more gods and that would contradict the concept of an unlimited Being.

May you always be successful

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 1 year ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. This is traditionally answered by the using the principle of cause and effect and so for the universe or part of it to exist it would have needed an external cause. As for the hypothesis that the universe created itself, it is completely opposed to the presuppositions of Islamic philosophy and so an argument is not even required to reject it. Rather, the onus of proof is on the person asserting the claim and of course this is something outside of the realm of proof. As a presupposition in itself it therefore can simply be rejected.

May you always be successful 

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Mateen Charbonneau, Sheikh Mateen Joshua Charbonneau achieved a certificate from Harvard University in Islamic Studies. He undertook Howza classes under esteemed scholars since 2013 and has been teaching at Imam Mahdi... Answered 1 year ago

A good sermon to read regarding this is the 1st sermon of Nahjul Balagha 

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Amina Inloes, Amina Inloes is originally from the US and has a PhD in Islamic Studies from the University of Exeter on Shi'a hadith. She is the program leader for the MA Islamic Studies program at the... Answered 1 year ago

This is one of those questions that has been asked for thousands of years and maybe it is one we are all meant to ponder on. However, here are a couple thoughts:

* The famous narration that "I [Allah] was a hidden treasure and I wished to be known, so I created the creation."

* Insofar as the attribute of the Creator (al-Khaliq) is one way of describing Allah, one might say that it is an innate tendency of Allah to create, just as a human artist often feels compelled to create. So, simply put, Allah creates because it is the divine nature to make things. Some people view creation as a perpetual matter; that is, every moment, Allah is re-creating creation, not just as something that happened once for the universe. 

* Some people also say it is part of divine mercy to create sentient beings. Even though life can be difficult, we wouldn't even be able to say it is difficult if we weren't created with intellect and senses.

It is an excellent question to explore and I wish you the best in your pondering and research!

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 1 year ago

The reason of our creation by Allah is to shower on us His Mercy and bounties.

Our existence is a great bounty from our Creator Allah (SWT). All human beings know that their life is the most important for them, and it is in fact a bounty from Allah (SWT).

Wassalam.