Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة, al-ʻarabiyyah, or عَرَبِيّ) or is a Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE. It is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living in the area bounded by Mesopotamia in the east and the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in Northwestern Arabia and in the Sinai Peninsula.
Mut’ah marriage is a type of marriage in Islam. Reciting the agreement of any marriage must be in Arabic either by both woman and man if they can recite in Arabic, or by others on their behalf.
ذو القربى are the relatives themselves, while في القربى means spending on the relatives and treating them.
Reading Quran and it's transliteration in English or any other language and Arabic during menstrual period is permissible as far as you don't read the four verses of obligatory Sajda ( in Suras Al-'Alaq, Al-Najm, Al-Sajda and Fussilat).
Touching the book is allowed but touching the text of Quranic words and its translation is not permissible not only during menstrual period but also for any one who is with out a valid Wudhu.
There are several surviving recitations (qira'at) of the Qur'an with very minor differences (mostly related to pronunciation such as a vowel sound or dots). Most of them are unused.
The differences typically have little impact on the meaning, although may be considered in jurisprudence or tafsir.
This is not considered to be tahrif (alteration) of the Qur'an, especially since it is nearly inconsequential.
In Sunni hadith, the Qur'an is said to have been revealed in seven dialects (ahruf).
The Shi'i view is that there is only one original correct revelation and recitation, even if, in reality, there exist multiple qira'at.
Yes, it is allowed and rewarding to read the meanings of the Quranic verses in any language which you understand.
There are many online learning Arabic courses. Some of them are free while others are paid. There are also Application for learning Arabic which be obtained from App Store and other sites. You can search and select a suitable course for you. I can not suggest a specific course for you because it depends on your level in Arabic language and in your time and task in learning Arabic.
Obviously, learning any language needs practicing, so, try to practice whatever little you learn so that you will be more able to learn more.
Ahlul Bayt Library.
Fasting during the whole month of Ramadan is obligatory on every Muslim even if they don't know how to perform Prayers properly. You must fast and pray as much as you know and must learn as much as you can.
You should take help from those Muslims who know how to pray or pray with congregation.
It is ok to recite that way. After all, there have been many Muslims who can't read at all and still recite from memory.
Still there is a certain blessing that the actual Arabic script of the Qur'an is said to hold and it is narrated that looking at the Qur'an is a type of worship; my understanding is that this involves the actual Arabic letters. So it is good to learn to read the Arabic script if you can. There are a lot of self-study materials available today.
But if you can't, that is also ok too.
As far as there being an English speaking curriculum, or madarasa is concerned, in Najaf al-Ashraf, I do not think there is such an establishment.
However, I also do not recommend that if you were interested in joining the Hawzah, that you study only in English. It is imperative that a Hawzah student not only learns Arabic, but also masters it. Ultimately, you are going to be working not just with Arabic Hawzah texts, but also the Quran and hadith, and with deeper insight and stronger comprehension.
You will be able to pick up on the language quickly, and learn it like how all other non-Arabs have learnt it.
As for information, I have a FB page where I have put together some sources and material for Hawzah studies. Hopefully it will be of benefit:
With prayers for your success.
There is also reward in reading the translation.
It is ok to give the baby a Japanese name.
Congratulations and best wishes with the birth!