Ask A Question About Islam And Muslims
In Shariah law, is it permissible to have an Islamic marriage and then have the civil marriage several years later due to distance and citizenship restrictions?
Yes it is permissible to delay legal registration of marriage for legal requirements although real marriage is the Islamic marriage and all the rights and duties start from the Islamic marriage.
Civil marriage after Islamic marriage has no value as far as Islamic rules are concerned. It just confirms the marriage in front of the government offices.
I understand that Islam allows a man to marry multiple wives within the rules of Sharia. However, what is the wisdom in such marriages as it relates to the first wife who often undergoes jealousy and depression?
Thank you for your question. In our scriptural sources women are not encouraged to have these feelings as they are considered a blameworthy type of ghirah (when you want something only for yourself). They are feelings that are not validated. Similar to the feelings of jealousy and depression when someone doesn't want anyone to do better than them, it is not upon people to not do better than that person, but upon the person to control and work on themselves. As to the wisdom of allowing polygyny there is much wisdom, such that the feelings of the first wife in some cases is not enough of a reason to make it impermissible. Rather, the first wife has to control these tendencies and get used to the idea in the knowledge that this is something that God has allowed. At times, if polygyny is done with wisdom it can improve the situation of the first wife and the relationship between her and her husband.
These feelings are also enhanced by expectations and cultures, which are again not factors that influence permissibility as it is upon Muslims and Muslim society to create expectations and cultures in line with what is permissible and impermissible.
May you always be successful
Is it mandatory to govern a nation with Shariah law? If so, would that not make it impermissible to hold government positions in countries with secular law?
Sharia law is for Muslims who believe and obey Allah and not for non Muslims.
When Muslims want to implement the Islamic law which is known as Sharia law, it is their decision and no one can object on them as we don't object on people who opt to follow their own way of legislation in any part of the world. It is part of the basic rights to believe in your own faith and implement it.
Holding a government position in secular countries is permissible for Muslims as far as they don't indulge in injustice or sinful acts.
As Muslims who live in non-Muslim countries, what is our obligation towards upholding the laws of the Sharia? For instance, is a Muslim obligated to uphold certain punishments prescribed in the Sharia?
Muslims living or visiting non Muslim countries are required to respect the law of the land as well as follow the day to day Islamic rules. Punishments described in Sharia on certain crimes are not the responsibility of individual Muslims, but it is the responsibility of the Muslim ruler who implements real Islamic teachings and provides justice for all people in the society. After providing justice for all, then the matter of punishment comes, and that is the responsibility of the government which provides justice for all.