Sunni & Shi’a - Belief & Creed

A Shi'ite Encyclopedia

A vast collection of information that addresses Shi'a/Sunni inter-school related issues. An effort of the Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project Team

Muta', Temporary Marriage in Islamic Law

A description of the legal situation of mut'a / mutah in Shi'ism and the origin of this divergence between Sunni and Shi'i law on temporary marriage

Sachiko Murata 49,845 0

Then I was Guided

An autobiographical account of Sayed Tijani's search for knowledge, which aims to remove some of the barriers that exist between the schools of thought of the ahl-as-Sunnah and the shi'a by clearin

Peshawar Nights

Transcript of dialogues between Sunni scholars and Shi'i author, about major topics relating to Shi'ism including the death of the Prophet (s), successorship, companions, infallibility, Muta' (temp

Hadith al-Thaqalayn

A study of the tawatur, or the multiplicity of sources and narrators that verify the authenticity of Hadith al-Thaqalayn, when the Messenger of Allah (s) said: "Verily, I am leaving behind two prec

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The Shi'ah are the real Ahlul-Sunnah

An inquiry of an explorer of the truth into the delicate yet essential question of: "Who is best qualified to the claim of being a follower of Islam's Prophet in spirit and in practice?"

Abu Hurayra and the Falsification of Traditions (Hadith)


Abu Hurayra and the Falsification of Traditions (Hadith)
By Yasin T. al-Jibouri

Inquiries About Shi'a Islam

An excellent introduction to the major doctrines of Shi'i Islam, including an explanation of the Ahlul Bayt, infallibility, intercession, dissimulation, companions and wives of the Prophet, and oth

A Shi'ite Anthology

A collection of sayings, sermons, prayers and writings that cover the three basic dimensions of Shi'ite tradition: 1. The Unity of God 2. The political, social and moral teachings and 3.

To Be With the Truthful

An extension of the book "Then I was Guided" by the same author, with the purpose of elaborating with further evidence on the truthfulness of Shia beliefs.

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Ask Those Who Know

A discussion by a former Sunni scholar on the Prophet, the Ahlul Bayt, some of the companions of the Prophet, and Sunni books of hadith. By the author of 'Then I was Guided'.

Al-Nass Wal-Ijtihad, Text and Interpretation

The Text Al-Nass Wal-Ijtihad deals with the judgments and verdicts that the author has collected, through his wide research, which have been innovated by famous companions of the Prophet (S) and by

Laws and Practices: Why do the Shi'ah Combine Prayers

A brief text on why Shi'a combine their prayers along with textual proofs from the Prophet (saw)'s life.

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Al-Muraja'at

A series of letters debating Shi'i and Sunni beliefs between the late Shi'i scholar Sharaf al-Din, and the late Sunni scholar and head of Al-Azhar university of that time, Al-Shaykh Salim al-Bishri

A New Analysis of Wahhabi Doctrines

A text that examines fundamental Wahhabi beliefs in comparison to those of the Ahlus Sunnah and the Shi`ah.

The Emergence of Shi'ism and the Shi'ites

The relation between the ideological and the theological realms in Islam.

On The Khilafah Of ‘Ali Over Abu Bakr

This text provides evidence for the Caliphate of Imam Ali (AS) over Abu Bakr using differents Traditions such as Hadith Al-Wilayah,Hadith Al-Tawliyah, and Hadith Al-Wirathah.

Toyib Olawuyi 10,100 0

Nikah Al-Mut’ah, Zina or Sunnah?

All the Sahabah – including Abu Bakr and ‘Umar - considered mut’ah to be halal throughout the lifetime of the Prophet, and throughout the rule of Abu Bakr.

Toyib Olawuyi 9,927 0

Black Thursday

The text authored by Muhammad Al Tijani Al Samawi presents an english translation of the famous event of Raziyyat Yawm al-Khamees, known as Black Thursday which took place in the last days before t

Laws and Practices: Why do the Shi'ah prostrate on Turbah

A brief text about why Shi'a prostrate on the turbah or soil from Karbala.

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Beliefs: Rafidi Shi'ah Narrators in Sahih al-Bukhari

A brief text about the presence of narrations from Shi'ah narrators in one of the most trusted books of Ahlul-Sunnah: Sahih al-Bukhari.

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Taqiyyah

What is Taqiyah? When can it be used? Best way to perform taqiyah, and when it is not allowed.

Striving for Right Guidance

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Allah, Praise and Exaltation to Him, has said,

The Wahhabia Movement: The True Image

This text, prepared and published by Al-Ghadeer Center for Islamic Studies and translated by Hamid S.

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Beliefs: Did the Prophet (s) Appoint a Successor

This tract presents a summary of the sources relating to the event of Ghadir Khumm demonstrating that the Prophet did indeed appoint a successor in his lifetime.

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Truth About Shia Ithna Ashari Faith

As'ad Wahid al-Qasim is a seeker of the truth who tried hard to reach it very bitterly till Allah guided him to the Straight Path.

Mikyalul Makarim Fee Fawaaid ad-Duaa Lil Qai’m vol. 1

This text titled "Mikyalul Makarim" authored by Ayatullah Sayyid Muhammad Taqi Musawi Isfahani is a two-part book about the perfection of morals among the benefits of praying for our 12th Living Im

A Pledge Under the Tree

Our Sunni brother very often use the following Verse of Surat al-Fath:

The Role of Ijtihad in Legislation

Definitions of 'mujtahid' and 'ijtihad'. Ijtihad in Sunni and Shi'i traditions. Akhbarism in the Imamiyyah Tradition.

The Quran: Its Protection from Alteration

This text deals with the appearance of forged ahadith, and the Sunni vs Shi'i attitudes towards such hadith and supposed alterations in the Qur'an.

Brief Commentary On Hadeeth Al-Kisaa (Tradition of the Cloak)

This text presents a brief commentary for the valuable and well-known Hadith Al Kisaa’ that is commonly narrated by all schools of thought.

Spurious Arguments about the Shia

Shias have been accustomed to receiving accusations and having to put up with them.

The Shiites Under Attack

Numerous accusations against the beliefs and practices of the Shi'ites, and their answers. Includes discussions on the revelation of the Qur'an, Ibn Saba, and the companions of the Prophet (s).

Shiism in Sunnism

A discussion providing evidence of Shi'a ideology and practice from the Quran & Sunni sources.

Beliefs: Do the Shi'ah Believe in a Different Quran

A refutation of the spurious claim that the Shi'ah believe in a different Qur'an than Sunnis do.

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Wilayah, the Station of the Master

This text is a detailed study of the different meanings of the word Wilayah.

Mikyalul Makarim Fee Fawaaid ad-Duaa Lil Qai’m vol. 2

This text titled "Mikyalul Makarim" authored by Ayatullah Sayyid Muhammad Taqi Musawi Isfahani is a two-part book about the perfection of morals among the benefits of praying for our 12th Living Im

The Life of Imam Al-Mahdi

This book is the biography of the Twelfth Imam, Imam Muhammad al-Mahdi (a.s.), also referred to as the Qaim of Aale Muhammad, the Awaited Imam (a.s.) and the Last of the Successors.

The Fourteen Luminaries of Islam

Biography of Prophet Muhammad (S), Hadhrat Fatimah Zahra (as), and the Twelve Holy Imams (as)

Kamaaluddin wa Tamaamun Ni’ma Vol. 1

Now it is about 12 centuries passed from Imam Mahdi's hidden life, and the bothering time of his hidden life will continue up to his reappearance.

Shaykh as-Saduq 5,832 0

Kamaaluddin wa Tamaamun Ni’ma Vol. 2

Now it is about 12 centuries passed from Imam Mahdi's hidden life, and the bothering time of his hidden life will continue up to his reappearance.

Shaykh as-Saduq 5,637 0

The Five Schools of Islamic Law

This work on the Shariah or Islamic Law offers a comparative study of the Divine Law that, according to authentic Islamic doctrines, embodies the Will of God in society.

Imam Al Mahdi, The Twelfth Khalifah In The Sahih Sunni Ahadith

Who is the Mahdi of Islam? According to both Sunni and Shi'i Muslims, the "guided one" will rise during the end times to conquer all nations.

Toyib Olawuyi 5,488 0

Glimpses of Shiism in the Musnad of Ibn Hanbal

The Musnad of ibn Hanbal is considered among the most comprehensive and early collections of hadīth of the Sunni sect.

Meaning And Origins Of Shi'ism

Meaning and Origins of Shiism
Sayyid Sa’eed Akhtar Rizvi
Published by Islamic Education and Information Centre
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Laws and Practices: Why do the Shi'ah avoid Tarawih congregations

A brief text about Tarawih congregations, how they originated and how they are perceived from Shi'a and Sunni standpoint.

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Sects of Islam

This book discusses briefly but very clearly about those subjects that are not agreed among the Muslims and that are the causes of the appearance of different sects of Islam.

A Critical Assessment of Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim

This text studies Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim and some of the traditions they contain, in order to make it clear that the traditions are not necessarily authentic (Sahih) just because they are c

Completion of Argument

This book covers almost all the major objections of scholars of Ahlul Sunnat on Shia Beliefs and customs.

Beliefs: Why Follow the Family of the Prophet (s)

Why should the Ahlul-bayt or family of the Prophet (saw) be followed? Who is included in the Ahlul-bayt? A brief text that delves into these questions with textual proofs.

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Sunnah, from Shia and Sunni Viewpoints

Differing viewpoints on the character of the communication of the Sunnah and the Prophet's statements to the Islamic community and its transmission, and secondly, the method of accessing the Sunnah

Book Review: Modern Political Islamic Thought

Book Review of Hamid Enayet's 'Modern Islamic Political Thought' in which the author gives an account of Shi'ite political thought, and the differences between Shi'i and Sunni views on state, calip

The Role of Reason in Ijtihad

Ash'ari and Mu'tazali beliefs in the role of reason. Qiyas in legislation. The Shi'ite position.

Tasawwuf the Meeting Point of Tashayyu and Tasannun

This text introduces the idea that Sufism is the meeting point of the Shia and Sunni schools of thought, suggesting unity of these sects.

How I Found the Right Path

How I Found the Right Path
by Brother Muhammad Yusuf
19 Jumaada al-Thaani 1420

Muhammad Yusuf 4,624 0

Wahhabis Fitna Exposed

This text is a detailed and well-referenced reply to the booklet “What is Shi’aism?” which has been printed in Nairobi and distributed throughout East Africa by the Wahhabis, in order to spread dis

Mutual Respect & Peaceful Co-Existence Among Muslim

The views of our leading mujtahideen, compiled in this booklet, are guidelines for us to follow the example of the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.).

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The Faith of the Imamiyyah Shi'ah

The book is an attempt to present a general and throughout outline of the doctrines, practices and history of Twelver Shi'ah Islam.

Shiism in Relation to Various Islamic Sects

A discussion of how Shi'ism is viewed in other Sects.

The Role of Holy Imams (a.s.) in the Revival of Religion Vol. 1

The series of lectures delivered by Allamah Sayyid Murtadha al-Askari on discussion of the principle matters concerning veracious Islam.

The Role of Holy Imams (a.s.) in the Revival of Religion Vol. 2

The series of lectures delivered by Allamah Sayyid Murtadha al-Askari on discussion of the principle matters concerning veracious Islam.

The Role of Holy Imams (a.s.) in the Revival of Religion Vol. 3

The series of lectures delivered by Allamah Sayyid Murtadha al-Askari on discussion of the principle matters concerning veracious Islam.

Marriage according to the Five Schools of Islamic Law

This work on the Shariah or Islamic Law offers a comparative study of the Divine Law that, according to authentic Islamic doctrines, embodies the Will of God in society.

Hadith Al-Thaqalayn, the Deposed Will of the Last Prophet to Humanity

This research work addresses all four Sunni positions on the hadiths, with particular emphasis on the claims and submissions of Ibn Taymiyyah.

Toyib Olawuyi 3,826 0

Types of Unity in the Quran and Fundamental Causes of Disunity

Types of Unity in the Qur’an and Fundamental Causes of Disunity Ustadh Muhammad Wa’idh Zadeh Khurasani, Director, World Forum for Proximity of Islamic Schools of Thought Translated by Salim S.

A Study of Sunni and Shii Traditions Concerning Tahrif Part 1

In this text, a three-part series written by Rasul Ja'fariyan, the author analyzes traditions from Sunni and Shia sources regarding Tahrif (alterations), also from semantic and textual point of vie

Wahabism At The Crossroads

This book gives a detailed account of the two types of Wahhabis: Moderate and Extremist; and explains the reasons why Wahabism is at the crossroads.

Backgrounds of Political Thought in Shi‘ism and Sunnism

This book is an extension and elaboration of four lectures from fall 1987 in the hall of the Contemporary Arts Museum.

The Truth about the 'Companions'

The present study aims to critically asses the tradition ascribed to the Holy Prophet known as Hadith al-Nujum that narrates the following:

A Study of Sunni and Shii Traditions Concerning Tahrif Part 3

In this text, a three-part series written by Rasul Ja'fariyan, the author analyzes traditions from Sunni and Shia sources regarding Tahrif (alterations), also from semantic and textual point of vie

Fabricated Traditions

The author discusses traditions about caliphs relating their names in order; he proves that such traditions are fabricated and forged by studying various chains of these kinds of traditions availab

Ali Ibn Abi Talib and Allegiance

Ali Ibn Abi Talib (a.s.) and Allegiance
By: Sayyid Saeed Akhtar Rizvi (r.a.)

Hajj (The Islamic Pilgrimage), According to the Five Schools of Islamic Law

This work on the Shariah or Islamic Law offers a comparative study of the Divine Law that, according to authentic Islamic doctrines, embodies the Will of God in society.

A Study of Sunni and Shii Traditions Concerning Tahrif Part 2

In this text, a three-part series written by Rasul Ja'fariyan, the author analyzes traditions from Sunni and Shia sources regarding Tahrif (alterations), also from semantic and textual point of vie

Shi’ite Islam: Orthodoxy Or Heterodoxy? Second Amended and Amplified Edition

This book addresses many essential issues concerning the split between the followers of Ahlul Bayt and the followers of Ahlul Sunnah.

Manner of Awaiting

"Manner of Awaiting" is a small collection of people's responsibilities which are gathered to remind us of our duties while waiting for the reappearance of the Hidden Imam, Imam al-Hujja, al-Qa’im,

Islamic Unity and Happiness

What is Islamic unity? Is it the use of a common ground of beliefs? Is it giving up some of the differences different sects have?

Prayer (Salat), According to the Five Islamic Schools of Law

This work on the Shariah or Islamic Law offers a comparative study of the Divine Law that, according to authentic Islamic doctrines, embodies the Will of God in society.

Ghadir as Narrated by Ahlul Bayt (a.s.)

The present work is about the event of Ghadir as Narrated by the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.). It studies briefly the Ghadir narrations in Shiite works compiled by Shiite Mujtaheeds.

Beliefs: Why Shi'ah

A brief explanation about why the word "Shi'a" is used for the followers of Ahlul-bayt, talked about through Quran and hadith.

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Divorce according to the Five Schools of Islamic Law

This work on the Shariah or Islamic Law offers a comparative study of the Divine Law that, according to authentic Islamic doctrines, embodies the Will of God in society.

The Formation of the Jaʿfari Shiʿa Islamic School of Law from its Inception to the Occultation

The Formation of the Jaʿfari Shiʿa Islamic School of Law from its Inception to the Occultation

Afzal Sumar

Afzal Sumar 2,577 0

A Probe into the History of Hadith

Sayyid Murtadha al-Askari, the renowned scholar, has very ably made a probe into the History of the delicate institution of Hadith and very ably unveiled the picture of the institution of Hadith in

Verse of Purification in the Light of Quran & Hadith

At a time when our religion is being attacked from all sides, sectarian division appearing so often, here comes a booklet that underlines the fact that in many instances both Sunni and Shi'a source

A Distortion in Thaqalain Tradition

Thaqalain tradition is a famous and well-known tradition that is reported by [both] Sunnites and Shiites. Hundreds of prominent narrators have narrated this tradition.

A Strife-free Dialogue (A Step towards Understanding)

This book aims to establish a suitable method of communication with Wahhabis to familiarize them with Shi‘ism, and to prepare a proper ground for their conversion to the school of thought of the Ho

Light on the Muhammadan Sunnah or Defence of the Hadith

Throughout history many false ahadith were ascribed to our holy Prophet (S).

Inheritance according to the Five Schools of Islamic Law

This work on the Shariah or Islamic Law offers a comparative study of the Divine Law that, according to authentic Islamic doctrines, embodies the Will of God in society.

Hadith al-Kisa, The Narration of the Cloak

The Tradition of the Cloak, or Hadith al-Kisa’, is a narrative of an incident where the Prophet Muhammad assembled Hasan, Husayn, Ali, and Fatima under his cloak.

Building of Tombs In the Light of Qur’an & Hadith

There are many issues that have divided the Muslim ummah.

From Resolution to Revolution, the Message of Ashura

Along the years many books have been written about the significance of the events that took place in Karbala.

Fasting and Zakat (Alms), according to the Five Schools of Islamic Law

This work on the Shariah or Islamic Law offers a comparative study of the Divine Law that, according to authentic Islamic doctrines, embodies the Will of God in society.

Imam Sadiq: Role Model for Humanity, Part 1

This article includes a brief biography of the life of Imam Sadiq, his revered conduct, and his deep knowledge in jurisprudence; it also delves into the state of the Shi'as during his time as well

Prohibition of Two Lawful Pleasures: A Critical Assessment of Prohibition of Mut'a of Hajj and Mut'a Marriage

This book represents an amazing effort by Ayatullah Sayyid Ali Husaini Milani in providing proof that the so called traditions regarding the two lawful pleasures: mut'a of Hajj and mut'a of marriag

The Shia-Sunni Debate: Answering the 50 Most Common Questions

With this book the authors try to bridge the gap between Muslims by answering the most common questions that arise when Sunni and Shia debate.

Taharah, Ritual Purity according to the Five Schools of Islamic Law

This work on the Shariah or Islamic Law offers a comparative study of the Divine Law that, according to authentic Islamic doctrines, embodies the Will of God in society.

Imamate and Wilayah Part 1

This paper is based on the first three lectures of a series of 17 lectures delivered by Dr Mohammad Ali Shomali in summer 2004 in Qum.

The Truth As It Is

We live in a world where every Muslim is judged by the actions of what other so called Muslims do.

Imamate and Wilayah Part 5

This paper is based on lecture 12 of a series of lectures delivered by Dr Mohammad Ali Shomali in summer 2004 in Qum.

Imamate and Wilayah, Part 7

This paper is based on lecture 14 of a series of lectures delivered by Dr Mohammad Ali Shomali in summer 2004 in Qum.

The Prolonged Lifespan of Imam Mahdi (aj)

The duration of the longevity of Imam Mahdi’s life has been an area of disagreement among several Sunni and Shi‘i scholars.

Zainab Musawi 1,404 0

Imam Sadiq: Role Model for Humanity, Part 2

This part of the series continues with material on Shi'a jurisprudence according to Sunni narrations, the Imam's hadith collections, his debates, and his political confrontations given the pressure

Imamate and Wilayah Part 3

This paper is based on first part of lecture four and all of lecture six of a series of lectures delivered by Dr Mohammad Ali Shomali in summer 2004 in Qum.

Imamate and Wilayah Part 4

This paper is based on lectures 9, 10, 11, and 12 of a series of lectures delivered by Dr Mohammad Ali Shomali in summer 2004 in Qum.

Examining Selected Jurisprudential Differences among Muslims

The purpose of this study is to take a brief overview at some of the jurisprudential differences between Shia‘s and Sunnis in matters such as Wudhu’ (ablution), Adhan (the call to prayer), prayer,

Zahra Naqavi 1,297 0

The Practice of the Holy Prophet (S) and Muslim Leaders in Dealing with Ideological Opponents

This article illustrates the practice of the Holy Prophet (S) and the first Caliphs in dealing with opponents, and demonstrates that using differences as a pretext to declare other Muslims as kaafi

Imamate and Wilayah Part 2

This paper is based on the first three lectures of a series of 17 lectures delivered by Dr Mohammad Ali Shomali in summer 2004 in Qum.

Civilizational Dialogue and Mysticism: The Holy Qur’an and the Metaphysics of Ibn al-’Arabi

This text explains how it is possible to reconcile the dawa with dialogue with other faiths without denying one’s religious identity by recognizing the underlying common ground that is the universa

Common Grounds for Unity between Islamic Schools of Thought

In this article, the most important common principles and issues of Islamic schools of thought are examined in order to promote the achievement of Islamic unity, integration, and harmony.

Imam Ali and the Caliphs: Their Relationship and Interaction

This article presents briefly the relations that Imam Ali (as) had with the first three caliphs: instead of underlying their difference of opinions he always tried to counsel and cooperate with the

The Shia Imams and Muslim Unity Part 1

This is the first part to a series of articles that will outline the stance of the Shia Imams with respect to Muslim unity.

‘Ali Aqa-Nuri 1,161 0

Shi'ism Imamate and Wilayat

This treatise deals with some fundamental issues of the Shi'a Islamic faith.

Imam Khumayni’s Vision of Islamic Unity

This article attempts to delineate the aims, objectives and scope of Imam Khumayni’s vision of Islamic unity.

Unity of the Islamic Schools of Thought According to Imam Musa Sadr

This article explores the thought and activities of Imam al-Sadr pertaining to the issue of unity and the important role he occupied as one of the leading figures within the Islamic unity movement.

Imamate and Wilayah, Part 6

This paper is based on lecture 13 of a series of lectures delivered by Dr Mohammad Ali Shomali in summer 2004 in Qum.

Imamah and Wilayah: Allamah Sharaf Al-Din’s Approach to Conciliation

Allamah Sharaf Al-Din firmly believed in the principle of the unity of the Islamic Ummah as well as the principle of Imamah in the Islamic faith.

Al-Mahdi

This book is a collection of a series of traditions, which have been narrated from the Holy Prophet (S), his progeny and companions - all taken from the sources of our Sunni brethren.

The Voice of Unity Part 2: Islamic Brotherhood

As the second in a series of talks regarding the subject of unity, the present article focuses on the concept of Muslim brotherhood and its relation to a united Ummah

Editorial, Volume 2, Number 3 Winter 2008

Editorial about the efforts to be done towards the Islamic Unity, in order to find a common ground for all the islamic mahdahib to be united against all the enemies manifested and hidden of Islam.

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Majma’ al-Bayan: Bridging Enclaves of Knowledge

The following article deals with Tabarsi’s Qur’anic exegesis, particularly the Majma’ al-Bayan, and his manner of tafsir which attempted to include, in a respectful way, the views of all the Islami

Fatwas about Unity: Contemporary ‘Ulama of the Islamic World

This article lists the verdicts and opinions of many prominent Sunni and Shia personalities regarding the madhahib (schools of thought) in Islam that affirm their validity and attest to their falli

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Islamic Welfare and Muslim Unity in the Path of Imam ‘Ali

The present article is the first part of a detailed study on the events of the period right after the demise of the noble Prophet (S) of Islam explaining the policies and principles that animated t

Some Thoughts on the Road to Islamic Solidarity

In this paper the author calls for a return of mutual familiarity and acceptance of all Muslims within the ummah towards education, travel, the hajj and language.