Lesson 21: Mutahhirat (II)
In previous lesson we explained seven mutahhirat. Now the remaining five are explained here:-
Taba’iyat means to follow. The following things become clean by it:
1. When a kafir becomes Muslim, his minor children become clean automatically.
2. If a well becomes najis and the water is taken out of it until it becomes clean, then the wall of the well, the bucket and the rope will become clean automatically.
3. While washing najis things our hands become unclean; but when that thing becomes clean, our hands will become clean automatically.
4. If the wine becomes vinegar and thus becomes clean, the pot in which it was will become clean automatically.
5. Wood-plank or cement stone slabs upon which the body of a dead Muslim is washed, as well as the piece of clothes used to cover his hidden parts, and also the hands of the person washing that body become clean when the ghusl al-mayyit is completed.
If there is any najasah on the body of an animal, it will become clean if that najasah is just removed or rubbed out from his body. Likewise, the inner parts of human body, like mouth and stomach, become clean if the najasah is just removed from them. Eyelids, lips and dentures are not included in this rule.
The urine and stool of the animal which eats the refuse of man are najis; and the only way of its purification (taharah) is istibra; i.e. guarding it from above-mentioned najis feed for a certain prescribed period. This period is 40 days for camel; 30 days for cow; 10 days for sheep and goat; 5 or 7 days for duck; 3 days for hen.
If any of these animals is kept away from the refuse of man for the prescribed period its urine and stool become clean (tahir), provided that, at the end of that period, they are no more called ‘refuse-eating animals.’
If there is a Muslim, who is a strict follower of the shari’ah; and any of his clothes or things becomes najis; then he goes out of your sight long enough to enable him to make it clean; then he comes back and you see him using those clothes in prayer, for example, then you must believe that he has cleansed the clothes; otherwise, he would not have used it in prayer. It is called ghaybat al-Muslim, which means the "absence of a Muslim."
When a halal animal is slaughtered according to the rules of shari’ah, and its blood flows, out of its body in such a quantity which is normal in that kind of animal, the blood which remains in its body becomes tahir (clean). But that blood which remains in those organs of body which are haraam (like spleen, bladder etc.) must be avoided.