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Maula Ali (As) did correct the wrongdoings of the previous rulers of Saqeefah, except things which concerned him and his family because he did not want to use the power for his own or his family's benefit.

1. Ameerul Mo'mineen Ali (AS) removed all the wrong, corrupt and unjust rulers who were been appointed by Saqeefah rulers.

2. He removed discrimination between Arabs against non Arab Muslims and between Quraish against other tribes and all sorts of discrimination which was practiced by Saqeefah rulers.

3. He distributed all the wealth among all Muslims equally and did not keep anything for himself or his family.

4. He implemented justice in every case and dispute among Muslims even those were against him.

5, During his rule, poverty diminished among Muslims because he gave the poor  their proper rights which led to real social and economic justice.

Wassalam.

Imam Hasan (AS) knew things which we do not know as his knowledge is from the Allah (SWT) and the Prophet (SAWA) and Ameerul Mo'mineen (AS). We, with our limited knowledge are not entitled to argue on any decision of any Infallible as he does not do but what Allah (SWT) wants.

We believe that every act done by the Prophet (SAWA) and Ahlul Bayt (AS) is in favour of Islam, whether we know the details or not.

Wassalam.

The default position when you stand up to commence prayer is putting hands on the side - sadl al-yadayn. This was the way Muslims in Medina, Makka, and later in cities such as Kufa, would have been praying, until the rise of the Umayyads in Syria.

The contrary position of qabd - folding hands - almost certainly got introduced by Mu’awiya and this Umayyad custom survived into Sunni orthodoxy, except for the Maliki madhhab.

Professor Yasin Dutton has written an interesting paper - Amal vs Hadith in Islamic Law - that tackles this topic where he says:

  • The non-Sunni madhhab’s, however - the Ithna Asahri Shi’a, the Zaydi’s, the Isma’li’s and the Ibadi’s (Khawarij) - are all agreed, along with the majority of the Maliki’s, on sadl.

Shaykh Hamza Yusuf, a prominent contemporary Sunni scholar, has explained, in a video you can find online, how the act of folding hands, versus not, was seen as an indicator of political affiliation during those days such as the civil war between Imam ‘Ali and Mu’awiya. Clearly he sees sadl as the more authentic and well-evidenced position.

He makes the following key points:

  • People who were on the side of Imam ‘Ali in the civil wars prayed with their hands by the side (sadl)
  • Even the Khawarij who seceded from the side continued to pray like that.
  • Later Shi’a Imams, for instance Imams al-Baqir and Ja’far al-Sadiq, prayed the same way, without folding.
  • Basically the outward form of a person, practicing sadl or qabd, used to be an immediate and visual indicator of their political position with respect to Imam ‘Ali or Mu’awiya.

Hope this helps.

It is mentioned in La'ali al-Akhbar (vol 3, p 413) and attributed to Imam al-Baqir (A) that the angel Jibra'il told the Prophet (S) that the planet Venus (the evening star) would descend on Friday night on the house of the person whom Fatima (A) should marry. The people waited to see who it was, and it was the house of Ali (A).

This narration is provided as part of the explanation of the origins of the tasbih of Fatima al-Zahra (A).

I am personally not aware of any chain of narration for this and therefore, without a chain of narration, it would not be classified as authentic.

Allah knows best.