How To Perform Salat Al-Eid at Home

Bismillahi, Al-Rahman, Al-Rahim. Salat ul-Eid, a beautiful and highly recommended act of worship to be performed on the day of celebration. Now, due to restrictions associated with covid-19, Salat ul-Eid can be performed at home during this time and other times as well. And it's highly recommended to be performed in congregation, together within the household.

When can it be performed on day of Eid? Salat ul-Eid can be performed any time from sunrise towards midday, to be in wudhu and it can be performed either by ourselves or in congregation (Jama'a), which is highly recommended.

Is there Adhan/Iqama before it? There is no Adhan or Iqama for Salat ul-Eid, just the utterance of As-salaah, As-salaah, As-salaah before we pray it.

How do we pray it? How do we perform Salaat ul-Eid? Well, there are two main ways. One, quite quick, easy and straightforward and the other a bit longer, but highly rewarding.

What is the quick way of performing it? Salat ul-Eid is two rakaats and can be performed as follows. Allahu Akbar, then we recite Suratul Fatiha and a complete chapter of the Quran afterwards. Then we recite Allahu Akbar, a short Qunoot, Allahu Akbar, a short Qunoot and then Allahu Akbar. That's three takbiraat. Then we recite Allahu Akbar to go down into ruku . So in the first rakah it's three takbiraat, two qunoots then we recite takbiraah for the ruku. So in total four takbiraat.

In the second rakaah it's exactly the same. We then go down into the sujood and we complete the Salaah . If we're reciting this in congregation, then out of obligatory precaution based on the rulings of His Eminence, Ayatullah Al-Udma As-Sayyid Sistani Hafizatullah, we should then have two small Qutbahs, can be recited in any language that can be understood by the family, whereby we recite, for example certain verses of Qur'an, or Hadith from the Holy Prophet and his Ahlul Bayt, peace and blessings be upon them.

What is the more recommended way? The second way of the recitation of Salat ul-Eid is more conventional and how you and I perhaps are used to seeing at the mosque. So it is two rakaats still with the same five takbiraat in the first rakah and four takbiraat in the second rakah. But this is how it's done. Tabiratul Ehram, Surahtul Fatiha, followed by Surah A'laa, Chapter 87 of the Holy Qur'an, which starts with Sabbi hisma rabbikal A'laa. Upon completion we recite Allahu Akbar, the first takbirah.

Then we raise our hands and recite the following dua Allahumma ahlalkibriya‘i wal-'adamah wa ahlaljudi wal-jabarut wa ahla al-'afwi war-rahmah wa ahlattaqwa wal-maghfirah as’aluka bihaqqi hadha-alyawm alladhi ja'altahu lil-muslimeena 'eida wa li muhammadin salla allahu 'alayhi wa alih dhukhran wa sharafan wa karamatan wa mazeda an tusalliya 'ala muhammadin wa ali muhammad wa an tudkhilany fe kulli khayr adkhalta fihi muhammadan wa ala muhammad wa an tukhrijany min kulli su', akhrajta minhu muhammadan wa ala muhammad salawatuka 'alayhi wa 'alayhim. Allahumma inni as’aluka khayra ma sa’alaka 'ibaduka alssalihun wa a'udhu bika mimma ista'adha minhu 'ibadukas Mukhklasoon. Allahu Akbar.

Then we recite the same du'a again. Allahu Akbar. Then we recite the same du'a again. Then Allahu Akbar that makes five takbiraat and four du'as. Then we recite Allahu Akbar to go down into rukuh. So there are five takbirs four duas in between. And one takbir for going down into rukuh.

When we rise for the second rakah, we recite Surahtul Fatiha. Then it is recommended to recite Surahtus Shams, Chapter 91 of the Holy Qur'an. Then we recite Allahu Akbar. The du'a, Allahumma ahlal kibrya'i wal 'adamah then Allahu Akbar. The same dua again, then Allahu Akbar, the same dua again, then Allahu Akbar. Then we recite another Allahu Akbar to go down into rukuh. So that makes it four takbiraat, three duas in between and another takbir for going down into rukuh. After rukuh we stand and go down into sajdah, we complete the sajdahs, we recite the tashshahud, the tasbeeh and the salah is then completed.

Now it is recommended to recite this du'a and these chapters of the Quran. Hence you could either hold, for example, a piece of paper or the Quran itself or something that would remind you of the du'a as well as the chapters that we recite.

Upon completion of this prayers as mentioned before, one should stand and recite a few words in their own language, understood by the people, sit down, stand up again and these constitute two Qutbahs. Now those who recite behind the Imam should also be reciting the Adhkaar of the Qunoot and the takbiraat as well.

So to recap, Salat ul-Eid can be recited either by oneself or in congregation. If it's to be recited in congregation, then after its completion, two Qutbahs should be recited, which can be quite short. The short term method is rukatain, Suratul Fatiha followed by three takbiraats and two Qunoot, then another takbirah to go down into rukuh and the same for the second rakah as well.

For the more conventional method, it's rukatain, Suratul Fatiha followed by recitation of, for example, Suratul A'laa, chapter Eighty-seven of the Holy Quran, then five takbiraat in between there are four duas, then a takbeerah to go down into a rukuh. That is all in the first rukah. In the second rukah is Suratul Fatiha and Suratus Shams, Chapter 91 of the Holy Qur'an, then four takbiraat. And in between there are three duas and then there is a takbirrah just before we go down into rukuh, then we complete the prayers.

Please note what we just described was based on the opinion of His Eminence Ayatullah Al Udma As-Sayed Sistani Hafizatullah. Some of the Marajah stipulate that when it comes to Salaat ul-Eid, despite an agreement that in the first rukah there are five takbiraat and in the second there are four, the disagreement is in terms of how many times we recite the Qunoot. Whereas some such as Ayatullah Al-Khui, Rahmatullahi ta'ala alaih, says that in the first rukah there are five Qunoots and then the second there are four. His Eminence, Ayatollah Sistani says in the first rukah there are four Qunoots and then the second there are three.

May Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala bless you all, accept your deeds and grant this tawfiq and the oppurtunity to perform Salat ul-Eid in our houses. If you do have any questions, please do email us and we'll be more than happy to help.