The Basmala (Arabic: بَسْمَلَة‎ basmalah), also known by its incipit Bi-smi llāhi (Arabic: بِسْمِ ٱللَّٰهِ‎, "In the name of God"), is the Islamic phrase bi-smi llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīmi (بِسْمِ ٱللَّٰهِ ٱلرَّحْمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ) "In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful."
This is the phrase recited before each surah (chapter) of the Qur'an – except for the ninth.
It is used by Muslims in various contexts (for instance, during daily prayer) and is used in over half of the constitutions of countries where Islam is the official religion or more than half of the population follows Islam, usually the first phrase in the preamble, including those of Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Maldives, Pakistan, Tunisia, and the United Arab Emirates.In Arabic calligraphy, the Basmala is the most prevalent motif, even more so than the Shahadah.In Unicode, the Basmala is encoded as one ligature at code point U+FDFD ﷽ in the Arabic Presentation Forms-A block.