Did Qasim Get Married On The Day Of Ashura?

As-salamu alaykum, wa rahmatu Allah. A controversial question this one: was Qasim married on the 10th of Muharram? Indeed, in our communities we will always hear poetry which talks of the marriage of Qasim, and certainly talks of a mother who wish to see her son get married, like any mother wishes to see her children get married one day. And yet, when it comes to the narrations concerning Qasim getting married on the 10th of Muharram, the context is normally given that Imam al-Hasan, alayhi as-salam, had told Imam al-Husayn, alayhi as-salam, that one day my son Qasim will be with you on the plains of Karbala. It is my wish to see him get married.

And that Imam al-Husayn, alayhi as-salam, arranges for Qasim, his nephew, to marry one of his daughters. The first place in which I remember reading this narration was in Kashifi's: 'Rawdhat ush-Shuhada' a book that was written approximately 500 years ago. I cannot find the narration in many other books previous to this one. There may be the narration in books after this one. And so within that book you find that the narration is there, that Qasim gets married on the 10th of Muharram. And who does he get married to? One of the daughters of Imam al-Husayn, alayhi as-salam.

Now, if we look at the daughters of Imam al-Husayn, alayhi as-salam, we have: Fatimat ul-Kubra, Fatimat us-Sughra, Sakina and Ruqayyah, alayhum as-salam. So we have these four daughter of Imam al-Husayn, alayhi as-salam. Now, when we come to Fatimat ul-Kubra, it is commonly known that she married her cousin Hasan Al-Muthannah, one of the survivors of the 10th of Muharram. And then you have Fatimat us-Sughra, who was in Medina at the time. Then you have, of course who we know is Bibi Sakina or Bibi Sukaina. Another of her name was Amina because Imam al-Husayn, alayhi as-salam, loved his grandmother, Amina Bint Wahab, and so another title or name of Bibi Sakinah or Bibi Sukaina is Amina. But we hear that she never got married. And the other was of course Bibi Ruqayya, who was only around four years of age at the time.

So who exactly got married to? If you're looking at these different options, there seems to be a contradiction. It may have happened that Imam al-Husayn, alayhi as-salam, knowing that this was a wish of his brother, Imam al-Hasan, alayhi as-salam, may have gone to a separate tent and had Qasim married, or a formula of marriage read without, for example, a consummation taking place. It could be there, it may not be there, but it shouldn't cause any fights or arguments that happen within our communities.

I personally support those who write poetry where they talk about how our mother would have wished to have seen her son get married. And I also support those who bring out, for example, a remembrance of Qasim in different ways, whether it is with candles or whether it is food. In remembrance of the stand of Qasim, alayhi as-salam.

Wa as-salamu alaykum, wa rahmatu Allah.
 

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