Imam Ali In The Quran - The Event Of Ghadir 4/8

'Eid al-Ghadeer is an event that all Muslims should be celebrating. If, truly, the Prophet appointed Imam Ali, alayhi assalam, as a successor, then why did the people not follow him? There has never been a case where either a prophet or a successor of a prophet has ever been chosen by people.

Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Rahim, wal-Hamdulillah Rabbil-'Alameen wa assalatu wa assalamu 'ala Muhammadin wa alihi at-tayyabeen at-tahareen. Dear brothers and sisters a-salamu 'alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa barakatu.

Welcome to this fourth episode of this special series about 'Eid al-Ghadeer. In the previous three episodes we discussed about the concept of council or shura or voting system, and we said that was there any example, any example from before the time of Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, or the previous prophets in the Qur'an that were mentioned where a prophet himself was chosen by a council or a successor of a prophet, was chosen by council, like, for example, in the case of Musa and his brother Haroon when he appointed him? Or when Musa chose some people to go with him to Mount Sinai, did he also leave it for a counci? or in the case of Talut and Jalut when the appointment of Talut was made to fight and lead the battle against Jalut, was it also? Never.

We never see an example before Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, when it comes to Imamah, divine leadership, or even a military commandership where people choose by convention or by a council. Every time the Qur'an tells us it was an appointment. And then we looked at the tradition of Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali wa sallam, the sirah of the Holy Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, when he started preaching about his message, we never, ever see an example of him leaving the issue of choosing a successor that is after him in Medina while he has gone to the people, nor does he ever leave it, the case of leading commandership of an army to council or to leadership. And then we looked at the concept of shura in the Qur'an and we said that this concept does not apply to Imamah, to divine leadership.

Now, that we've reached to the stage, I hope it is convincing enough to state that the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali wa sallam, did not leave this ummah without appointing someone to lead it. In fact, we even said that after Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, there was not a single example where a person came to the kheelafa, through a council, except Amir Mu'minin 'Ali ibn Abu Talib, salamullahi alayh, whereas everything else and we discussed it in the past, you can refer to these previous episodes to look at that.

So this leaves us with one final possibility. Did Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali wa sallam, appoint someone? And the answer is yes. Who did he appoint? 'Ali ibn Abu Talib, salawatullahi wa assalamu alayh. When did this happen? On the day of 'Eid al-Ghadeer. Was this something that came out of the ordinary or was it something that was expected and anticipated? This is where we will concentrate on this episode and the next episode.

We want to basically raise the argument, when on the Day of Ghadeer the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali wa sallam, said to the Muslims that after I leave this dunya, 'Ali ibn Abu Talib, salamullahi alayh, will be the master of the Muslims, the commander of the Muslims, after me. When that happened, was it something out of the ordinary or something that was highly anticipated and expected? And people was just basically saying it's obvious it was 'Ali ibn Abu Talib? I will talk about the Day of Ghadeer and Insha'Allah and after the next episode and Insha'Allah, that's when we are going to talk about the day itself, that hadith itself. But what we want to build the argument right now is, did Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, prepared the Muslims for 'Ali ibn Abu Talib's leadership, salamullahi alayh?

We will take a look today at four examples from the Qur'an and next episode, Insh'Allah, we will take a look at examples from the Sunnah of Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali wa sallam, in which we will see that the Prophet prepared the Muslims for the khilafah of Amir al-Mu'minin, salamullahi alayh.

The examples, the four examples from the Qur'an we will look at are, first and foremost, the time when the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, wanted to migrate from Mecca to Medina. When that event wanted to take place and happen the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, approached Amir al-Mu'minin salawatullahi wa assalam 'alaih, and told him, Ya 'Ali, I will be leaving to Medina. I would like you to sleep in my bed and cover yourself so that the mushrikeen who are plotting to kill me, assassinate me, when they look at someone sleeping, they would think this is me and then I would leave. Would you accept to do that, ya Ali?

Amir al-Mu'minin, salamullah 'alayh, said ya Rasul Allah, if I do it, would you be saved? He said, Yes, ya Ali, Insh'Allah, I will be saved. He said, then may I be sacrificed for you, ya Rasul Allah. And Amir al-Mu'minin, alsamullahi alayh, salawatu Llah 'ala sleeps in the Prophet's bed and Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, leaves and migrates to Medina. The Prophet tells Amir al-Mu'minin, salamullahi alayh, I will wait for you on the outskirts of Medina, I will not enter Medina until you join me.

So once, I am leaving and I'm safe, then you follow me and will enter Madina together. Amir al-Mu'minin, salamullahi alayh, sleeps in the Prophet's bed, and this is unanimously agreed upon historians where Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib was the first man to sacrifice his life in Islam. He was willing to offer his life and sacrifice for Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali wa sallam. What happens then? An ayah was revealed to Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali wa sallam.

Ayat number 207 from Surat al-Baqarah:"'A'udhu billahi min al-Shaytan al-rajim, Bismillah, al-Rahman, al-Rahim. Wa min annaase ma yashri nafsahu biteeghaa mardhati Allah, wa Allahu ra'ufu bil-i'bad" (2:207), 'and among people is he the one who sells himself, seeking the pleasure of Allah and Allah is all compassionate with his servants, with the servants'. So this ayah was revealed about Ali ibn Abi Talib, salamullahi alayh, sleeping in the Prophet's bed, which the ayah says that he 'Ali ibn Abi Talib sells himself, he's sacrificing himself for the pleasure of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala. That is the first ayah that was revealed or let's say the first ayah of the series we are discussing.

And then after the Prophet was saved, Amir al-Mu'minin, salamullahi alayh, joins Rasul Allah in Quba', the first masjid that was built in Islam, and they both entered Madina together. That's the first example we have from the Holy Qur'an and this ayah and this story is mentioned by several muffasireen including ath-Th'alabee. Th'alabee also mentions this tafseer that the ayah was revealed about Ali ibn Abi Talib, salamullahi alayh. It's worth, it now worth it at this stage to mention that when Mu'awiya ibn Abu Sufyan became the khaleefa of the Muslims, he paid Samara ibn Jundubb 400,000 dirhams, 400,000 dirhams to go on the pulpit on the mimbar and say that this ayah was revealed about Abdul Rahman Ibn Muljan, the one who killed 'Ali ibn Abi Talib, salamullahi alayh, in Masjid al-Kufa.

There you see how the distortions of Bani Umayyah spread about the Qur'an amongst the people, how much they used to pay people to distort the tafseer of the Qur'an, the interpretation of the Qur'an. And that is why it is really mandatory for us, in order to understand the Qur'an that we resort to Ahlul Bayt 'alaihimu assalam, to the Prophet's family who are Ahlul Dhikr from whom we can learn about the Qur'an and we will learn about that inshaAllah, in the last episode.

So that is something important for us to learn. That is the first of the four verses that we will be talking about. The second ayah we will discuss as ayat at-Tatheer. Ayat at-Tatheer is ayah number 33 of Surat al-Ahzab in which Allah, Subhana wa Ta'ala says: 'A'udhu billahi min al-Shaytan al-rajim, Bismillah, al-Rahman, al-Rahim. and the latter part of the ayat: "innama yureedu Allah lyudheeb 'awnkum ar-rijis Ahlal Bayt wa yutahheerakum tat-heerah" (33:33), "indeed, surely Allah wants to remove all impurities away from you Ahlal Bayt and purify you a thorough purification".

Ar- Razi, in his tafseer and many more muffasareen they say the Prophet took his abaya and he put Fatima, Hassan, Husayn and 'Ali ibn Abi Talib, salamullahi alayhium ajma'een under it, he kind of wrap them with his abaya, with with himself being with them. And he said, oh Allah, these are my family, those people are Ahlu Bayti, my Ahlu Bayt. So Allah, remove all impurities away from them and purify them a thorough purification, and so this idea was revealed.

So this means that Ahlu Bayt, Ali ibn Abu Talib, salamullahi alayh, has been purified from all impurities, which means he does not sin, this is the concept of infallibility, and this is mentioned. Ya'nee I ask all my dear viewers to really contemplate on this concept of removing any impurity when Allah say I want to purify you, I'm purifying you a thorough purification, tat-heerah. And when He says I want to remove all impurities, what kind of impurity is here? What do this means?

It means basically they don't cheat, they don't lie, they don't sin. All these things are considered impurities and therefore, they are perfect. Including Rasul Allah sallallahu alayihi wa aali wa sallam. And Ar-Razi in his tafseer says, the interpreters of the Qur'an are unanimous in their agreement on this reason for the revelation of the ayah. So, we say that, it's quite interesting, when this idea was revealed for six months, the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhiwa aali, would walk by the house of Fatimatu Zahra', alayha assalam, and Ameer al-Mu'minin, alayhi assalam and would recite this ayah for six months. What is he trying to tell the Muslims? This is the man who will be leading the Muslims after me. He's trying to prepare the nation, the Muslims.

Three. We will turn to Ayat al-Mubahalah, which is ayah number 61 of Surat Ali Imran. A group of Christians from Najran came to discuss with Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, about Islam. They started getting into some arguments with Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali. They started talking to him at the end, they told Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, you know what? We are still not convinced that your religion is indeed the truth. The Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, at that stage said, OK, if you are not convinced, I invite you for a mubahalah. What's a mubahalah? Mubahalah is basically, we both pray, you pray with your people and I will bring some people with me and we pray together. And we will ask Allah, Subhana wa Ta'ala, to accept from the truthful ones and curse the liars immediately, they will all be destroyed and anihilated. Do you accept this invitation, this mubahala? Initially, they said, yes, we'll take it. So they left.

Then their master, the master of the Christians, a man by the name of al-'Aqib. Al-'Aqib told his people, his followers, listen, guys, we know from talking to this man that indeed he is a messenger of God. The way he speaks, the way he talks, the evidence that he brings forth. There is no doubt in my mind that he is indeed the truthful messenger of Allah that has been promised in the scriptures. However, now that we reach the stage of mubahalah of this kind of invocation, let's do it if the Prophet, if this Muhammad, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, brings his companions, we will do it because to me is then he is not really sure whether or not he will win. So he's willing to sacrifice companions. However, if he brings his family members, then we will not do it because it means he's so sure.

The next day they all get out and they start looking at who will be the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, bringing with him. The Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, comes according to unanimous agreement by the majority of historians and muffasareen, who said the Prophet came, he was holding al-imam al-Hasan, alayhi asalam, in his hand and Imam al-Husayn on his chest, on his hands, and he was carrying him. Fatimatu Zahra' was walking behind him, salamullahi 'alayha, and Amir al-Mu'minin Ali ibn Abi Talib behind her. They came and the Prophet told them, When I do du'a, when I pray, you say, ameen, ta'meen. They said, yes, ya Rasul Allah. They up came to do the invocation, al-'Akib the leader of the Christian delegation, from Najran, he said, I am seeing faces so bright and shiny, like stars, like moon in the sky. If they ask Allah to remove this mountain from its place, He would do. So they said, what should we do, our master, our leader? He said, forget it, we will not do mubahala. This Christian man recognized the greatness of Ahlul Bayt, alayhum assalam, just by looking at them.

Al-Razi, az-Zamashkhari, many scholars say, this indeed shows the greatness of Ahlul Bayt, alayhum assalam, and the ayah says, if you are in doubt of what I am talking about, ayah number 61 of Surah Ale 'Imran, then let us invite our children and your children. Which children to the Prophet to bring with him, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali? Hasan and Husayn. Our women and your women. Which women that he bring with him? Only Fatima az-Zahra', 'alayha assalam. Ourselves and yourselves. Who did he bring with him as ourselves? Ali ibn Abu Talib, alayhi assalam.

And that is why ibn Katheer in his tafseer narrates a hadith from Jabir ibn 'Abdillah al-Ansaree, radhwan Allahi ta'ala 'alay, where he says ourselves is includes the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, and Ali ibnu Abi Talib, which means the essence, the self of Amir al-Mu'minin ibn Abi Talib is that of Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali. Their essence is one. Whatever applies to the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, it applies to 'Ali except that 'Ali alayhi assalam is not a prophet. And I'll come to that inshaAllah in the next episode. So that is three.

The last I will discuss is ayah number 55 of Surat al-Ma'idah, surah number five where Abu Dharr al-Ghiffari, radhwan Allahi ta'ala 'alay, says that I saw 'Ali ibn Abi Talib in the masjid of the Prophet, a poor man came and he asked people to help him. Nobody helped him. So he said to Allah, ya Allah, here I am in the masjid in the mosque of Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, asking people to help me and no one is helping me. Amir al-Mu'minin, alayhi assalam, was in the state of ruku' at that moment, he extends his hand and he had the finger on his pinky, he had a ring on his pinky finger right here, the small one, and he signalled to this man to come and pick up the finger. So the man came, picked up the ring from his finger, sorry, and he took it as a charity. So, Amir al-Mu'minin ibn Abi Talib gave charity, sadaqah, while he, zakat while he was in the state of ruku'.

And that was why the ayah came to say, indeed, your masters, "innama walihikum"(5:55), wilayah? Who are your masters? Allah. Who else? Wa Rasulluhu, and the messenger, Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, who else? "Wa alladheena amanu" and those believers. All the believers? No. "Alladheena yuqimuna ass-salat" those who establish salat and give zakat while they are in the state of ruku'. Al-'Allamah Zamashkhari has a beautiful explanation of this Ayah being revealed about 'Ali ibn Abi Talib and proving that indeed it is all about 'Ali ibn Abi Talib.

So, here, in this last ayah, the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, teaches us, is trying to tell us, the Qur'an is trying to tell us that Ali is your master, is your leader. When the Muslims became aware of all these verses in the Qur'an end being revealed about Ali ibn Abi Talib, it was no surprise for them that on the day of Ghadeer, indeed, Imam Amir al-Mu'minin, salamullahi 'alay, is the one who should succeed Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali. He is the man who, from his young age sells himself, sacrifices himself for the pleasure of the Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala. He is the man who has been purified. It means he is clean from any mistakes, any sins. He is perfect. He is the man who is the self and the essence of Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali wa sallam. He is the man, who is the master of the Muslims, after Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali.

So then my dear brothers and sisters, the question is, why is it that we will not accept these facts? This is Qur'an. These interpreters in the Qur'an, are most of them, not from the school of thought of Ahl al-Bayt. Ar-Razee, az-Zamashkhari, ibn Katheer, in some cases al-Durr al-Manthur li 's-Suyuti. Let us really examine these verses, which truly indicate that the Imam after Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, is indeed Amir al-Mu'minin, Ali ibn Abi Talib, salawtullahi wa assalam 'aliyh, as chosen by Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala.

In the next episode, we will discuss the traditions and the Sunnah of Rasul Allah with regards to this issue. Until I see you then, may Allah bless you. Wa assalamu alaikum wa Rahmatullahe wa barakatu.