Looking At The Hadith Of Ghadir - The Event Of Ghadir 6/8

'Eid al-Ghadeer is an event that all Muslims should be celebrating. If, truly, the Prophet appointed Imam Ali, alayhi assalam, as a successor, then why did the people not follow him? There has never been a case where either a prophet or a successor of a prophet has ever been chosen by people.

Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Rahim, wal-Hamdulillah Rabbil-'Alameen wa assalatu wa assalamu 'ala Muhammadin wa alihi at-tayyabeen at-tahareen. Dear brothers and sisters, assalamu 'alaykum wa Rahmatullahi wa barakatu.

Welcome to this sixth episode of these special series discussing 'Eid al-Ghadeer. Up to this point, my dear brothers and my dear sisters, I hope we've managed to shed some light on the traditions of Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, as well as the verses of the Qur'an that all point towards the Prophet, sallahllahu 'alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam, preparing the Muslims throughout out his message for the leadership of 'Ali ibn Abi Talib, salamullahi alayh, such that when the day of Ghadeer came and the Prophet took the hands of Amir al-Mu'minin, salamullahi alayh, and appointed him as the successor of the Muslims, it was no surprise it was not something like, where did that come from? But rather everybody was like, OK, this is what was expected.

And we looked at some of the verses of the Qur'an that were revealed about Ali ibn Abi Talib, salamullahi alayh, which shows his purification, which shows him being the essence, has his essence as that of Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, which shows that he is the master, master, walee, walee of the Muslims. We looked at some of the hadith where the Prophet, sallahllahu 'alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam, says that Ali is like Haroon, Haroon to Musa.

The Prophet telling Imam Ali, 'alayhi assalam, that you are the most suitable for leadership, as we saw in the battle of Khaybar and the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, telling the Muslims that you need the Qur'an and you need the progeny, Ahl al-Bayt 'alayhim assalam, in order never to go astray, otherwise, if you don't hold on to both, what does that mean? It means you will go astray. Dhalala, wa 'l-hyadu bil-Lah.This is in Sahih Muslim.

Now let us take a look at Hadith al-Ghadeer. What happened? What went on? According to the muffasareen, according to historians, Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala told the Messenger, in Surat al-Ma'idah: "ya ayyuha al-Rasool" (5:67), oh Messenger, "balligh ma unzeela elaikmar rabbik" (5:67), inform, deliver, what has been given and sent to you from your Lord, "wa inlam taf'al"(5:67), and if you do not do so, then what? "Ma ballaghta resalata"(5:67), you have not delivered His message. What a powerful language Allah is speaking to his Messenger, Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali. The Prophet is Habibullah. Allah loves his Messenger.

But there is something that appears to be very serious here, something very important. Where Allah is telling the Messenger, you either deliver this message or it is as if you have not done any tableegh, you have not done the delivery of the reesalah, the whole message. This came towards the end of the life of Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali. This means 23 years of the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aal, teaching the Muslims, delivering the Muslims the message of Allah. Allah saying if you don't deliver this particular message, it's as if you have not done anything.

This means this is something very serious. What is that thing? It was the appointment of Ali ibn Abi Talib, 'alayhi assalam, as the imam, as the khaleefah of Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali. How do we know this? Well, on the 18th day of Dhul Hijjah, when the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, completed Hajj and there were tens, maybe even hundreds of thousands of Muslims, the Prophet, on the 18th day of Dhul Hujjah calls the Muslims, he says, all of you come. So they all gather at a place called the Pond of Khumm, Ghadeer Khumm. Why did the Propet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, choose that particular place? Because he wanted a strategic place where people would be going back to their homes, they would stop in this place.

Remember, Arabia was a desert, water was scarce, so people would look for areas where there are ponds, where there are, for example, wells so that they can take water with them. So this location was strategic. So people would get into that area, that's one. Why did the Prophet choose the 18th day of Dhul Hujjah? Because, as those of you who go to Hajj, you know that the a'amal, the rituals of Hajj finish on the 12th day of Dhul Hujjah.

That is when the last stoning is done. So now the Prophet wanted to give enough time for people to complete their Hajj, those of them, for example, who had not, for example, yet done their tawaf. Had not done their 'amal, by this time, people are almost done. So he gave them about six days extra for them to complete this. And this is quite common. And even in this day and age, we have many people who go to Hajj, but they don't leave on the 12th day of Dhul Hujjah, rather, they stay a few days extra just to allow enough time for them to complete all the 'amal and even spend time to do mustahab tawaf spend time in the Ka'ba. So that is something quite natural that is even done in this day and age. So the Prophet gave enough time for the people and he chose a strategic place where caravans and people would be passing by plus, it is a place where the voice would be carried and everyone can listen to what the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, has to say.

So on the 18th day of the Dhul Hujjah, the Prophet invites all the Muslims in Ghadeer Khumm the Prophet says, anyone who started to leave and go back to their cities call them back. So they call everyone back. It is said there were tens or maybe even one hundred thousand Muslims, maybe even more, gathered there. And the Prophet was shouting, shouting, it is said in the ahadith.

He says, I am about to leave dunya. And he started admonishing Muslims until he came to this section where he said, am I not a master of every Muslim and Muslima? They said, yes, ya Rasul Allah, you are the master of every Muslim, male and female. He said, am I not the master of the wealth of every Muslim and Muslima? In other words, if I tell a Muslim, you need to spend your money in this particular cause and that particular cause, they should listen to me.

They said yes, Rasul Allah, obviously. He said, am I not the master of the children of every Muslim and Muslima? In other words, even if I tell you, send your children to this place or take them there, you should always even listen to me, with regards to your money, your children, yourselves. You have to have complete submission and obedience to me. Weeliyah! Awalesstu awla bi mu'minina min anfuseehim aw al-muslimeen anfusihim. I might not, I don't have this weelayah, this masterhood, this complete submission, isn't that that case?

They said, of course, ya Rasul Allah, you our master, the master of our wealth, our children, everything we have is for you, ya Rasul Allah, is under your leadership. The Prophets, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, of the law then took the hand of Ali ibnu Abi Talib, salamullahi 'alayh, and raised it so high that it is said his armpit started showing from his arm, basically, people could see that, and he started saying: whomever I am his master, Ali, is also his master. Oh Allah, support the one who supports him, fight against the one who fights against him, disqualify those who disqualify him and love those who love him. Whomever I am has master, Ali is also his master man kuntum maula fi 'Aleeyun maula, Allahumma walee man walah wa 'adeeman 'adaa, wan sur min nasarah wa khdhul man khadhalah.

Now, after the Prophet did this, he ordered all Muslims, men and women, to come and pledge their allegiance to Ali ibn Abi Talib, salamullahi alayh. He said to all men, I want you to come and shake his hands, pledging allegiance, bay'ah, to Ali ibn Abi Talib. And the women, he brought a big pail of water, big plate of water, he told Imam Ali to put his hands in one and he told every woman to come and place her hand in the water, as well, as a sign of her pledging her allegiance 'Ali ibn Abi Talib, salamullahi alayh.

Never in the history of Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, we have such an emphasis, such a significance, such an importance. The question is, do we have any proof of this? And the answer is plenty. When the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, ayah number three of Surat al-Ma'eedah or part of it was revealed where the ayah says, "al-yawm, today, akmaltu lakum deenakum" (5:3), I have completed your religion, "wa atmumtu 'alaikum n'matee" (5:3) and I have bestowed upon you and completed upon you my blessing. "Wa radheetu lakum al-Islama deena"(5:3), and I have accepted Islam for you as a religion. When did this happen? On the day of Ghadeer, the 18th day of the holy month of the Dhul Hujjah.

After the Prophet appointed Ali ibn Abi Talib as the imam of the Muslims after him. So this imamah is the completion of the religion as the perfection of the religion, the imamah is the thing that the Allah tells his Messenger, if you do not tell people about this, then you have not told him anything about the message of Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala, which means the essence of the message is the imama, because the imam is the continuation of the divine revelation of Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, it is the continuation of keeping the Muslims on the straight path, the right path.

When this Ayah number three of Surah al-Ma'eeda was revealed, many interpreters, many historians say that this was about the day of Ghadeer Khumm. Amongst them: one, ibn Jareer al-Tabari, the famous scholar. He has written a book called al-Weelaya. In it, he narrates this hadith of Ghadeer Khumm from Zayid ibn Arkam, the companion of Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam. In fact, it's not worth it to mention at this stage that al-Tabari has dedicated four volumes to prove the event of Ghadeer Khumm, 'Eid al-Ghadeer and to prove that Ali ibn Abi Talib indeed was there, because some writers, unfortunately, they try to distort history, to show that Ali ibn Abi Talib was not even there on the day of Ghadeer. They say none of this happened, it couldn't have happened because Ali ibn Abi Talib was in Yemen. The Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, sent him as a governor of Yemen.

So at-Tabari, interestingly, dedicated four volumes. And he is a very famous non-Shi'a scholar. Four volumes to show that no, indeed, the day of Ghadeer, the event happened and Ali ibn Abi Talib was there and these claims are false. That is why, interestingly, even ibn Jareer at-Tabari was accused by the followers of Ahmad ibn Hambal, the Hanabila of Imam Ali, and he was accused of being a Shia.

And in fact, the Hanbalis, according to ibn Katheer. Ibn Katheer says at-Tabari was a great scholar, a great 'alim, but these followers of Ahmad ibn Hambal al-Hanabila, prevented him from being buried in the Muslim cemetery, when he died because of this. Can you imagine? We're talking about centuries ago. Ibn Katheer he says at-Tabari was a great 'alim, a great scholar. Ibn Katheer himself as not as not a follower of Ahl al-Bayt, because he actually refers to the Shi'a rawafudh, rafdh, the rejecters. He says, at-Tabari was a great 'alam, a great scholar, great man, and what was done was not right. So what happened is they buried ibn Jareer at-Tabari at night in his own house, because people the Hanabilah of those days, oh interestingly, we have them today as well, the same Hanabilla, who kill Muslims today, in the name of Islam. Nonetheless, they prevented at-Tabari from, at-Tabari, who is a very famous and great non-Shi'a scholar, says, in four volumes, that event of Ghadeer took place, in this book of his al-Wilayah, narrating a hadith from Zayd ibn Arkam, he says that indeed it did happen. That's one.

Two al-Hafidh Abu Na'eema Al-Asfahani and his book, what was revealed from the Qur'an about Ali ibnu Abi Talib, narrates the hadith from Abu Sa'eed al-Khudaree. Who else, al-Khateeb al-Baghdadi in his tareekh, tareekh Baghdad, The History of Baghdad, narrates this hadith from Abu Huraira, and says that this ayah, "al-yawm akmaltu lakum deenakum" (5:3), was revealed immediately after the event of Ghadeer Khumm. So al-khateeb al-Baghdadi.

Who else? In the book Ihqaq ul-Haqq, on the second volume of Tafseer Ibn Katheer and Maqtal al-Kharwarizmee, which is a fourth book or another book, they all say that this ayah was revealed about this particular event. And for more references, for more details, you can refer to Kitab al-Ghadeer by 'Allamah al-Ameenee, you can refer to Kitab al-Muraj'at, and Kitab an-Nass wal Ijtihad by Sayyid Sharaf ad-Deen al-Musawi, those two books. In fact, the latter two books, al-Muraj'at and an-Nass wal Ijtihad are available online and they both have been translated to English.

So brothers and sisters, there are just numerous, numerous ahadith narrated by hundreds of authentic sources and scholars about 'Eid al-Ghadeer. In fact, even musnad Ahmad ibn Hambal, Musnad Ahmed Ibn Hambal and hadith number 915 what does he say? He says that the Prophet on the day of Ghadeer Khumm said, Am I not the master of mu'minin over their selves, their spouses, their mothers? They said, yes ya Rasul Allah. He said, then, whomever I am, his master Ali is also his master. Oh Allah, support the one who supports him and go against the one who goes against him. This is musnad Ahmad ibn Hambal. So brothers and sisters, if you refer to all these sources, all these references I have just given, they all show that the Prophet indeed called Ali the master.

Now, some people try to twist the words. They try to say that, you know what? The Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, was saying master, it means he's my cousin because maula could mean my cousin or he's my friend. And here is my question, all of you brothers and sisters, let us be rational and fair and logical. The Prophet gathers all those Muslims on the heat of that day of Ghadeer and the heat in the desert, just to tell them, Ali, by the way, is my cousin or Ali is a really good friend of mine or I really like him? Wouldn't they call this nonsense? Wa al-'iyadha biLlah, you think our Prophet would do some nonsense, wa al-'iyadha bilLlah? Plus, if you take a look at the context of the hadith, as I just mentioned, from musnad Ahmad al-Hambal, where he says, am I not the master? I,me, Rasul Allah, am I not maula? And they said, yes, you are our master. He said that whomever I am his master, Ali, is also his master. What does that tell you? This is he's not telling, am I your friend? Am I your cousin?

And then he's my that's no, that's not the way it is. Let us not play with words. It's quite obvious what the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali, said. Numerous ahadith, verses in the Qur'an are revealed about this, as I mentioned, verse number of 67 of Surat al-Ma'ida and verse number 3 of Surat al-Ma'ida where Allah warns Rasul Allah you have to deliver this message. And when he did, he says now the religion is complete by the weelaya of Ali ibnu Abi Talib, salamullahi alayh, by the imamah of Ali ibn Abi Talib, salamullahi alayh.

So he is the master of the Muslims, he is the khaleefah of the Muslims. And in fact, the second khaleefah came to him, shook his hand and told him, congratulations, ya Ali, you have become my master and the master of every Muslim and Muslima. I say to the second man, then why is it after the Prophet's death, you turned against Ali ibn Abi Talib? And that is a question that is posed.

If you are saying, all these people and all these Muslims were there, how is it possible then that those Muslims did not obey the command of Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali? Do you want to know how?

In the next episode, inshaAllah, we will discuss events from the life of Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali. Two major events, in fact, where we saw there was deliberate disobedience from on behalf of the Muslims to Rasul Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa aali. And this was not the first time they disobeyed Rasul Allah. Until I see you in that episode, we pray to Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala to guide us to the straight path, the path of Muhammad wa aali Muhammad, and to continue showering us with His blessings and His mercy, until I see you in the next episode. As-salamu 'alaikum, wa Rahmatullahi, wa barakatu.